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General pediatric medicine and surgery

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

Page 5 of 11

  1. Extravasation injuries are caused by unintended leakages of fluids or medicines from intravenous lines but there is no consensus on the best treatment approaches, particularly in infants and young children.

    Authors: Mark Corbett, David Marshall, Melissa Harden, Sam Oddie, Robert Phillips and William McGuire

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:6

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumour cerebri syndrome (PTCS), is characterized by the presence of signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure without evidence of any in...

    Authors: Laura Maffeis, Robertino Dilena, Sophie Guez, Francesca Menni, Cristina Bana, Silvia Osnaghi, Giorgio Carrabba and Paola Marchisio

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:4

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The primary objective of this study was to report on the diagnostic accuracy of point-of-care testing (POCT) for procalcitonin (PCT) in identifying invasive bacterial infections in young infants. Invasive bact...

    Authors: Thomas Waterfield, Julie-Ann Maney, Martin Hanna, Derek Fairley and Michael D. Shields

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:387

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The clinical features and laboratory parameters of patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) occasionally overlap. Therefore, serum levels of cytokine and ferritin a...

    Authors: Takanori Noto, Hiroki Seto, Junji Fukuhara, Masao Murabayashi, Akihiro Yachie, Mamoru Ayusawa and Ichiro Morioka

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:386

    Content type: Case report

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  5. The transanastomotic feeding tube (TAFT) is widely used around the world in patients with esophageal atresia (EA). However, the safety of the use of TAFT is still unknown and remains to be clarified.

    Authors: Chuan Wang, Liwei Feng, Yanan Li and Yi Ji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:385

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Mediastinal teratoma is uncommon in children. It can be very difficult to diagnose especially in early stage. Rarely, teratoma may rupture into adjacent structures and lead to lung lesions or pleuritis. The ma...

    Authors: Jinrong Liu, Baolin Tian, Qi Zeng, Chenghao Chen, Chunju Zhou, Huimin Li, Yuelin Shen and Shunying Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:382

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Cardiac tumors are uncommon in the pediatric population. When present, cardiac manifestations stem from the tumor causing inflow or outflow obstruction. While common in adults, cardiac myxomas presenting with ...

    Authors: Eduardo Macias, Elizabeth Nieman, Kentaro Yomogida, Orlando Petrucci, Cylen Javidan, Kevin Baszis and Shafkat Anwar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:373

    Content type: Case report

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  8. The diagnosis of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) which is defined as bleeding of unknown origin of the small bowel by routine evaluation in childhood is a challenge.

    Authors: Jiande Chen, Bin Zhang, Zhilong Yan, Huaying Zhao, Kaihua Yang, Yong Yin and Lirong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:371

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Pediatric pain is associated to patient weight and demographics in specialized settings, but pain prevalence and its associated patient attributes in general pediatric outpatient care are unknown. Our objectiv...

    Authors: Randall W. Grout, Rachel Thompson-Fleming, Aaron E. Carroll and Stephen M. Downs

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:363

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Gallbladder agenesis is a rare congenital malformation. More than 50% of cases are isolated and asymptomatic. These asymptomatic patients are principally healthy and need no interventions. However, some patien...

    Authors: Yoshihiko Takano, Mirei Hoshino, Sakae Iriyama, Kyoko Takayanagi, Manabu Ishiro, Nobuhiro Kawakami and Takayuki Okamura

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:360

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Although considerable progress has been made in the last 30 years in the treatment of cleft palate (CP), a multidisciplinary approach combining examinations by a paediatrician, maxillofacial surgeon, otolaryng...

    Authors: Cristina Garcia-Vaquero, Cristina Mir, Domingo Graterol, Nuria Ortiz, Maria Isabel Rochera-Villach, Matilde E. LLeonart and Juan Lorente

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:350

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aim of this study was to investigate the success of type 1 tympanoplasty in pediatric patients with chronic otitis media, and to evaluate the prognostic factors that may influence its success.

    Authors: Deniz Baklaci, Ismail Guler, Ihsan Kuzucu, Rauf Oguzhan Kum and Muge Ozcan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:345

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Social media is a common way for mothers to seek advice about their infants. However, little is known about how low-income urban mothers use social media to obtain infant health information and whether this in...

    Authors: Stacey Kallem, Rachel S. Gruver, Senbagam Virudachalam and Alexander G. Fiks

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:341

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Respiratory distress is a common presenting complaint in children brought to the Emergency Department (ED). The Clinical Respiratory Score (CRS) has shown promise as a screen for severe illness in High Income ...

    Authors: Kanwal Nayani, Rubaba Naeem, Owais Munir, Naureen Naseer, Asher Feroze, Nick Brown and Asad I. Mian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:339

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Children’s formulations containing ibuprofen are frequently used to treat pain and fever. These medications, available over-the-counter, have the potential to cause adverse events if usage/safety information i...

    Authors: Judy Mullan, Pippa Burns, Kathryn Weston, Shelley Crowther, Robyn Dixon and Emma Moselen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:327

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Children experience multiple painful procedures when being cared for in emergency departments (EDs). Unfortunately, evidence-based interventions to manage such pain and distress are under-utilized across EDs. ...

    Authors: Kassi Shave, Samina Ali, Shannon D. Scott and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:324

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Increasing attendances by children (aged 0–16 years) to United Kingdom Emergency Departments (EDs) challenges patient safety within the National Health Service (NHS) with health professionals required to make ...

    Authors: Samah Riaz, Andrew Rowland, Steve Woby, Tony Long, Joan Livesley, Sarah Cotterill, Calvin Heal and Damian Roland

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:303

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. In clinical practice there is a need for a specific scale enabling detailed and multifactorial assessment of gait in children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy. The practical value of the present study is...

    Authors: Agnieszka Guzik, Mariusz Drużbicki, Andrzej Kwolek, Grzegorz Przysada, Katarzyna Bazarnik-Mucha, Magdalena Szczepanik, Andżelina Wolan-Nieroda and Marek Sobolewski

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:301

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Untreated dental caries is reported to affect children’s nutritional status and growth, yet evidence on this relationship is conflicting. The aim of this study was to assess the association between dental cari...

    Authors: Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Denise Duijster, Habib Benzian, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Amphayvan Homsavath, Bella Monse, Hak Sithan, Nicole Stauf, Sri Susilawati and Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:300

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly utilized in infants and young children, though associated with high failure rates due to agitation and poor compliance, mostly if patient-ventilator synchronizatio...

    Authors: M. Piastra, A. Pizza, S. Gaddi, E. Luca, O. Genovese, E. Picconi, D. De Luca and G. Conti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:282

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of physical disability in childhood. A major challenge for delivering effective services for children with CP is the heterogeneity of the medical condition. Categor...

    Authors: Nihad A. Almasri, Maysoun Saleh, Sana Abu-Dahab, Somaya H. Malkawi and Eva Nordmark

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:276

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Our aim was to design a study to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of adding physiotherapy to conventional treatment for children with functional constipation in primary care. Physiotherapy is ...

    Authors: Jojanneke J. G. T. van Summeren, Gea A. Holtman, Yvonne Lisman- van Leeuwen, Lisa E. A. M. Louer, Alice H. C. van Ulsen-Rust, Karin M. Vermeulen, Boudewijn J. Kollen, Janny H. Dekker and Marjolein Y. Berger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:249

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Functional hand splinting is a common therapeutic intervention for children with neurological conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupa...

    Authors: Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha Lannin, Elspeth Froude, Laura Miller and Claire Galea

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:248

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Acetaminophen is a common cause of acute liver failure in pediatrics. Cerebral edema is a significant complication of acute hepatic failure and is associated with increased mortality.

    Authors: Emily B. Austin, Hailey Hobbs, Brian A. Crouse and Anna-Theresa Lobos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:247

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Children commonly present to Emergency Departments (ED) with a non-blanching rash in the context of a feverish illness. While most have a self-limiting viral illness, this combination of features potentially r...

    Authors: Thomas Waterfield, Mark D. Lyttle, Derek Fairley, James Mckenna, Kerry Woolfall, Fiona Lynn, Julie-Ann Maney, Damian Roland, Aoife Weir and Michael D. Shields

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:246

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. In hospital, staff need to routinely monitor patients to identify those who are seriously ill, so that they receive timely treatment to improve their condition. A Paediatric Early Warning System is a multi-fac...

    Authors: Emma Thomas-Jones, Amy Lloyd, Damian Roland, Gerri Sefton, Lyvonne Tume, Kerry Hood, Chao Huang, Dawn Edwards, Alison Oliver, Richard Skone, David Lacy, Ian Sinha, Jenny Preston, Brendan Mason, Nina Jacob, Robert Trubey…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:244

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. To investigate the unique features of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children, we wanted to identify whether there might be a strong correlation between the disease phenotype and its prognosis at various ...

    Authors: Xin-Qiong Wang, Yuan Xiao, Xu Xu, Yi Yu, Cheng-Yan Shan, Yan Guo, Ling Gong, Tong Zhou, Shen-Shen Gao, Yao-Zong Yuan, Xiao-Jin Wang and Chun-Di Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:229

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Initial studies suggest pharmaceutical grade cannabidiol (CBD) can reduce the frequency of convulsive seizures and lead to improvements in quality of life in children affected by epileptic encephalopathies. Wi...

    Authors: Darren Reithmeier, Richard Tang-Wai, Blair Seifert, Andrew W. Lyon, Jane Alcorn, Bryan Acton, Scott Corley, Erin Prosser-Loose, Darrell D. Mousseau, Hyun J. Lim, Jose Tellez-Zenteno, Linda Huh, Edward Leung, Lionel Carmant and Richard J. Huntsman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:221

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Bronchiolitis is the most common reason for admission to hospital for infants less than one year of age. Although management is well defined, there is substantial variation in practice, with infants receiving ...

    Authors: Libby Haskell, Emma J. Tavender, Catherine Wilson, Sharon O’Brien, Franz E. Babl, Meredith L. Borland, Liz Cotterell, Tibor Schuster, Francesca Orsini, Nicolette Sheridan, David Johnson, Ed Oakley and Stuart R. Dalziel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:218

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Renal hypouricemia is a rare heterogeneous inherited disorder characterized by impaired tubular uric acid transport, reabsorption insufficiency and /or acceleration of secretion. The affected individuals are p...

    Authors: Dinesha Maduri Vidanapathirana, Subashinie Jayasena, Eresha Jasinge and Blanka Stiburkova

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:210

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Fluid overload (FO) is associated with unfavorable outcomes in critically ill children. Clinicians are encouraged to avoid FO; however, strategies to avoid FO are not well-described in pediatrics. Our aim was ...

    Authors: Franco Díaz, María José Nuñez, Pablo Pino, Benjamín Erranz and Pablo Cruces

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:207

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Emergency Department (ED) revisits have often been used as an indicator of medical care quality. This study aimed to quantify the frequency of ED revisits within 72 h of discharge and identify its factors amon...

    Authors: Anwar E. Ahmed, Bashayr I. ALMuqbil, Manair N. Alrajhi, Hend R. Almazroa, Doaa A. AlBuraikan, Monirah A. Albaijan, Maliha Nasim, Majid A. Alsalamah, Donna K. McClish and Hamdan AL-Jahdali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:205

    Content type: Research article

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  33. We aimed to compare the antipyretic efficacy, safety, and tolerability between oral dexibuprofen and intravenous propacetamol in children with upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) presenting with fever.

    Authors: Seung Jun Choi, Sena Moon, Ui Yoon Choi, Yoon Hong Chun, Jung Hyun Lee, Jung Woo Rhim, Jin Lee, Hwang Min Kim and Dae Chul Jeong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:201

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile systemic vasculitis most commonly seen in children under 5 years old. High-dose aspirin is often administered, but the duration of such treatment varies. Many centers ...

    Authors: Ho-Chang Kuo, Mindy Ming-Huey Guo, Mao-Hung Lo, Kai-Sheng Hsieh and Ying-Hsien Huang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:200

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Low vitamin D levels have been linked to the risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children. Although adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) is the major contributor to childhood SDB, the relationship between ...

    Authors: Ji-Hyeon Shin, Byung-Guk Kim, Boo Young Kim, Soo Whan Kim, Sung Won Kim and Hojong Kim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:196

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Fever phobia is still a major issue in paediatrics. We report knowledge of a sample of Italian paediatricians performed six years after the release of the Italian guidelines for the management of fever in chil...

    Authors: Elena Chiappini, Antonina Marta Cangelosi, Paolo Becherucci, Monica Pierattelli, Luisa Galli and Maurizio de Martino

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:194

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP-7) are suggested to be biomarkers for predicting acute kidney injury (AKI). We compared them with proposed AKI biomar...

    Authors: Zhenjiang Bai, Fang Fang, Zhong Xu, Chunjiu Lu, Xueqin Wang, Jiao Chen, Jian Pan, Jian Wang and Yanhong Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:192

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Erythema migrans (EM) is the most common manifestation of Lyme borreliosis (LB), caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. The infection can disseminate into the nervous system and cause Lyme neur...

    Authors: Kesia Backman and Barbro H. Skogman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:189

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Although it is well established that family-centered education is critical to managing childhood asthma, the information needs of parents of children with asthma are not being met through current educational a...

    Authors: Mandy M. Archibald, Lisa Hartling, Samina Ali, Vera Caine and Shannon D. Scott

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:186

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Network meta-analysis (NMA) is a powerful analytic tool that allows simultaneous comparison between several management/treatment alternatives even when direct comparisons of the alternatives (such as the case ...

    Authors: Reem Al Khalifah, Ivan D. Florez, Gordon Guyatt and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:180

    Content type: Debate

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  41. It has been described that the incidence of testicular microlithiasis is high in several congenital disorders which may be associated with testicular impairment and infertility. Several reports have shown that...

    Authors: Michiko Nakamura, Kimihiko Moriya, Yoko Nishimura, Mutsumi Nishida, Yusuke Kudo, Yukiko Kanno, Takeya Kitta, Masafumi Kon and Nobuo Shinohara

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:179

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The new combination of DTwP-HB-Hib vaccines has been developed in Indonesia following World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation and integrated into national immunization program. The aims of the study wer...

    Authors: Hartono Gunardi, Kusnandi Rusmil, Eddy Fadlyana, Soedjatmiko, Meita Dhamayanti, Rini Sekartini, Rodman Tarigan, Hindra Irawan Satari, Bernie Endyarni Medise, Rini Mulia Sari, Novilia Sjafri Bachtiar, Cissy B. Kartasasmita and Sri Rezeki S. Hadinegoro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:177

    Content type: Research article

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