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General pediatric medicine and surgery

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

Page 3 of 11

  1. The aim of this study is to contribute to the knowledge base on the long-term outcomes of evidence-based medical interventions used to improve gross motor function in children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy.

    Authors: Jane Valentine, Sue-Anne Davidson, Natasha Bear, Eve Blair, Lisa Paterson, Roslyn Ward, David Forbes and Catherine Elliott

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:7

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The high HIV prevalence in South Africa may potentially be shaping the local adverse drug reaction (ADR) burden. We aimed to describe the prevalence and characteristics of serious ADRs at admission, and during...

    Authors: Johannes P. Mouton, Melony C. Fortuin-de Smidt, Nicole Jobanputra, Ushma Mehta, Annemie Stewart, Reneé de Waal, Karl-Günter Technau, Andrew Argent, Max Kroon, Christiaan Scott and Karen Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Choice of insulin delivery for type 1 diabetes can be difficult for many parents and children. We evaluated decision coaching using a patient decision aid for helping youth with type 1 diabetes and parents dec...

    Authors: Margaret L. Lawson, Allyson L. Shephard, Bryan Feenstra, Laura Boland, Nadia Sourial and Dawn Stacey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Given its narrow therapeutic range, digoxin’s pharmacokinetic parameters in infants are difficult to predict due to variation in birth weight and gestational age, especially for critically ill newborns. There ...

    Authors: Shu-Hui Yao, Hsiang-Te Tsai, Wen-Lin Lin, Yu-Chieh Chen, Chiahung Chou and Hsiang-Wen Lin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:517

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Gynecomastia develops due to the reversed estradiol-to-Testosterone ratio in adolescence, and symptoms typically improve within 2 years. The causes vary widely, including estrogen excess and tumors, and surgic...

    Authors: Jung-Eun Moon, Cheol Woo Ko, Jung Dug Yang and Joon Seok Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:515

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) is defined as having “clinical symptoms of traumatic myelopathy with no radiographic or computed tomographic features of spinal fracture or instabi...

    Authors: Qin Chuan Liang, Bo Yang, Yun Hai Song, Pin Pin Gao, Ze Yang Xia and Nan Bao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:513

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Relatively little is known about weight management programs targeted toward young children with obesity. Using data from the Early Lifestyles Intervention program, we report outcomes from a referral-based, mul...

    Authors: Eric E. Wickel, Lamiaa Ali, Hollie Hawkins and Eden Hemming

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:504

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The rapid triage and treatment system for paediatrics (RETTS-p) has been used by the emergency medical services (EMS) in the west of Sweden since 2014. The performance of the RETTS-p in the pre-hospital settin...

    Authors: Carl Magnusson, Johan Herlitz, Thomas Karlsson, Maria Jiménez-Herrera and Christer Axelsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:500

    Content type: Research article

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  9. It is critically important to assess the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in the form of repeated measures among children undergoing surgery for congenital heart defects (CHD). The aim of the present study is to ...

    Authors: Fangqin Lin, Lingling Zheng, Yanqin Cui, Weidan Chen, Ramit Kumar Gupta, Huixian Li, Xinxin Chen, Huimin Xia and Huiying Liang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:497

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Problems arising from medicines usage are recognised as a key patient safety issue. Children are a particular concern, given that they are more likely than adults to experience medication-related harm. While p...

    Authors: Adam Sutherland, Denham L. Phipps, Stephen Tomlin and Darren M. Ashcroft

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:486

    Content type: Research Article

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  11. Despite advances in the field of pediatric oncology, cancer remains a leading cause of death in children. The delays in cancer diagnosis may occur throughout the diagnostic pathway. Diagnosis of childhood canc...

    Authors: Alemseged Berhane, Tadele Hailu and Afework Mulugeta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:478

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In the last century, meconium peritonitis(MP)was once a highly fatal gastrointestinal. disease With the development of fetal radiological technology, abnormal signs, such as pseudocysts, can. be detected durin...

    Authors: Yi Jiang, Weihua Pan, Wenjie Wu, Weipeng Wang, Suna Sun and Jun Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:473

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The differences between the clinical characteristics and survival time in malignancy- and non-malignancy–associated secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) are unclear. Here, we describe the clinica...

    Authors: Hua Pan, Yongmin Huo and Lirong Sun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:468

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Because of practice variation and new developments in palliative pediatric care, the Dutch Association of Pediatrics decided to develop the clinical practice guideline (CPG) palliative care for children. With ...

    Authors: Dunja Dreesens, Lotte Veul, Jonne Westermann, Nicole Wijnands, Leontien Kremer, Trudy van der Weijden and Eduard Verhagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:467

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Kasai procedure is the standard initial treatment of infants with biliary atresia. The key to perform a successful surgery is to accurately remove the fibrous portal plate near the liver hilum. Yet how to esti...

    Authors: Qiulong Shen, Yajun Chen, Chunhui Peng, Wenbo Pang, Zengmeng Wang, Dongyang Wu, Kai Wang and Xinjie Huang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:465

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pseudo-ascites is a very rare condition in children and remains a challenging diagnosis. Targeted imaging may be helpful, but a high index of clinical suspicion is often necessary to guide the investigations, ...

    Authors: Alessandro Rossi, Fabiola Di Dato, Raffaele Iorio, Gianfranco Vallone, Carmine Mollica, Maria Grazia Caprio, Jean De Ville De Goyet and Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:460

    Content type: Case report

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  17. We know that parents require resources which can assist them to improve fever knowledge and management practices. The purpose of this study, using an RCT, was to examine the effectiveness of an information lea...

    Authors: M. Kelly, L. Sahm, S. McCarthy, R. O’Sullivan, A. Mc Gillicuddy and F. Shiely

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:447

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common surgical condition in children. Although a higher incidence of AA in summer has been reported, the reason for this observation remains unclear. The purpose of this st...

    Authors: Yao-Jen Hsu, Yu-Wei Fu and Taiwai Chin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:443

    Content type: Research article

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  19. While caudal block has been widely used during pediatric lower limbs and lower abdominal surgeries, few studies to date have evaluated the perioperative effects of caudal block on pediatric patients in laparos...

    Authors: Bingdong Tao, Kun Liu, Dandan Wang, Mengmeng Ding, Ni Yang and Ping Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:427

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The initial episode of angioedema in children can be potential life-threatening due to the lack of prompt identification and treatment. We aimed to analyze the factors predicting the severity and outcomes of t...

    Authors: Yuan-Jhen Syue, Chao-Jui Li, Wen-Liang Chen, Tsung-Han Lee, Cheng-Chieh Huang, Mei-Chueh Yang, Chih-Ming Lin, Meng-Huan Wu, Chu-Chung Chou, Chin-Fu Chang and Yan-Ren Lin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:423

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Given the rarity of pediatric surgical disease, it is important to consider available large-scale data resources as a means to better study and understand relevant disease-processes and their treatments. The M...

    Authors: Arin L. Madenci, Cathaleen K. Madsen, Nicollette K. Kwon, Lindsey L. Wolf, Kristin A. Sonderman, Jill M. Zalieckas, Samuel E. Rice-Townsend, Adil H. Haider, Robert L. Ricca, Brent R. Weil, Christopher B. Weldon and Tracey P. Koehlmoos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:419

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The use and optimal duration of treatment with nebulized hypertonic saline (HS) in infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis is unclear. The objective was to compare the efficacy of 1 versus 3 days of nebul...

    Authors: Gaëlle Beal, Catherine Barbier, Sophie Thoret, Amandine Rubio, Mathilde Bonnet, Roseline Mazet, Anne Ego and Isabelle Pin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:417

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the most effective treatment for children with persistent asthma. However adverse effects of ICS on Hypothalamo Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis, growth and bone metabolism are a ...

    Authors: Anuradha KWDA, Prematilake GLDC, Batuwita BAUI, Kannangoda KASR, Hewagamage US, Wijeratne S, Lankatilake Kantha and de Silva KSH

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:411

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To explore the changes of inflammatory and oxidative stress responses in Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) children, and further analyzed the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of hemoperfusion (HP) on HSP with s...

    Authors: Ying Zhu, Yang Dong, Lin Wu and Fang Deng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:409

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Several studies have investigated motor and cognitive skills in infants as well as gross motor abilities in schoolchildren treated for congenital idiopathic clubfoot, mostly indicating specific impairments in ...

    Authors: Julia Dillmann, Gudrun Schwarzer and Christian-Dominik Peterlein

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:394

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In young children, β-thalassemia major (β-TM) is associated with potentially severe clinical characteristics, including poor growth, feeding difficulties, hepatosplenomegaly, bone metabolic disorders, and skel...

    Authors: Uet Yu, Li Chen, Xiaodong Wang, Xiaoling Zhang, Yue Li, Feiqiu Wen and Sixi Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:375

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Aspiration of grass inflorescences is an extremely rare phenomenon with potential diagnostic difficulties. Due to its special shape, each coughing and respiratory action helps its migration towards the periphe...

    Authors: Anna Rieth, Tamás Kovács, Zoltán Novák, Katalin Kapus, Aurél Ottlakán, Tibor Németh and József Furák

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:368

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Active monitoring of hospitalised adults, using handheld electronic physiological surveillance systems, is associated with reduced in-patient mortality in the UK. Potential also exists to improve the recogniti...

    Authors: Gerri Sefton, Bernie Carter, Steven Lane, Matthew Peak, Ceu Mateus, Jen Preston, Fulya Mehta, Bruce Hollingsworth, Roger Killen and Enitan D. Carrol

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:359

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Clubfoot is a treatable abnormality that can be managed with early intervention. However, there is a lack of public knowledge regarding clubfoot, which can delay treatment. This study aimed to assess the publi...

    Authors: Abdulmonem Alsiddiky, Salman Alrwibaah, Abdulrahman Alqahtani, Abdulmalek Alnujidi, Abdullah Alhomaidhi, Abdulla Almasoud and Raheef Alatassi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:358

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) improves nutritional outcomes. Despite early dietetic intervention some children fail to grow optimally. We report growth from birth to 2 years in a cohort of c...

    Authors: K. D. Patterson, T. Kyriacou, M. Desai, W. D. Carroll and F. J. Gilchrist

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:356

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) is typically more extensive and has a more active disease course than adult UC, and requires early treatment augmentation to achieve and maintain disease remission. The presen...

    Authors: Hitoshi Tajiri, Katsuhiro Arai, Seiichi Kagimoto, Reiko Kunisaki, Nobuyuki Hida, Noriko Sato, Hiroshi Yamada, Mieko Nagano, Yutaka Susuta, Kunihiko Ozaki, Kazuoki Kondo and Toshifumi Hibi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:351

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Musculoskeletal injury, including fracture, is one of the most common causes of morbidity in pediatric patients. The purpose of this epidemiologic study is to determine the prevalence and risk factors for frac...

    Authors: Jared A. Wolfe, Heather Wolfe, Amanda Banaag, Scott Tintle and Tracey Perez Koehlmoos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:343

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The aim of the current research was to investigate the unplanned readmission rates and identify the risk factors of unplanned readmissions in pediatric general surgical specialties.

    Authors: Chao Zheng, Hong Zhou, Hai Zhu, Bailin Chen, Lin Qiu and Chunbao Guo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:340

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare congenital malformation, which is characterized by the discontinuity of the esophagus. We investigated the agreement between mothers’, fathers’, and children’s’ ratings on hea...

    Authors: Stefanie Witt, Janika Bloemeke, Monika Bullinger, Jens Dingemann, Michaela Dellenmark-Blom and Julia Quitmann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:330

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease with significant morbidity/mortality. Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) is a live-attenuated vaccine used in the United States (US) since the early 1970s to prevent m...

    Authors: David A. Geier, Janet K. Kern and Mark R. Geier

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:325

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Few data are currently available for Kawasaki disease (KD) below 12 months especially in Caucasians. This study aims to analyze clinical and laboratory features of KD among an Italian cohort of infants.

    Authors: Greta Mastrangelo, Rolando Cimaz, Giovani Battista Calabri, Gabriele Simonini, Donatella Lasagni, Massimo Resti and Sandra Trapani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:321

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Sudan falls in the meningitis belt where most global cases of bacterial meningitis are reported. Highly accurate decision support tools have been developed by international specialized societies to guide the d...

    Authors: Nada Abdelghani Abdelrahim, Imad Mohammed Fadl-Elmula and Hassan Mohammed Ali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:319

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a global public health issue that affect more than 2 billion individuals worldwide. However evidence for optimal management of IDA is lacking.

    Authors: Hadi J. Al Sulayyim, Ali Al Omari and Motasim Badri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:314

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Traditional percutaneous device closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PmVSDs) is a minimally invasive technique, but can result in high radiation exposure and can result in potential arterial c...

    Authors: Haisong Bu, Yifeng Yang, Qin Wu, Wancun Jin and Tianli Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:302

    Content type: Technical advance

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  40. Children with medical complexity (CMC) account for an increasing proportion of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admissions across North America. Their risk of unscheduled PICU admission is threefold compar...

    Authors: Janet E. Rennick, Isabelle St-Sauveur, Alyssa M. Knox and Margaret Ruddy

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:272

    Content type: Research article

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