Skip to main content

General pediatric medicine and surgery

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

Page 2 of 11

  1. The objective of this prospective, multidisciplinary and multicenter study was to explore the effect of a cleft lip, associated or not with a cleft palate, on parents, on parent-infant relationship, and on the...

    Authors: Bruno Grollemund, Caroline Dissaux, Pascale Gavelle, Carla Pérez Martínez, Jimmy Mullaert, Toni Alfaiate and Antoine Guedeney

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:230

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Few clinical trials have been reported for patients with intermediate-risk neuroblastoma because of the scarcity of the disease and the variety of clinical and biological characteristics. A multidisciplinary t...

    Authors: Tomoko Iehara, Akihiro Yoneda, Atsushi Kikuta, Toshihiro Muraji, Kazuaki Tokiwa, Hideto Takahashi, Satoshi Teramukai, Tetsuya Takimoto, Shigeki Yagyu, Hajime Hosoi and Tatsuro Tajiri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:212

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  3. There is only limited experience with wearable cardioverter-defibrillators (WCD) in pediatric patients. We report on the successful application of a WCD in an adolescent patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopath...

    Authors: Stefan Kurath-Koller, Hannes Sallmon, Daniel Scherr, Egbert Bisping, Ante Burmas, Igor Knez and Martin Koestenberger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:207

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  4. Kawasaki Disease (KD) is considered a major acquired heart disease in children under the age of 5. Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) can occur in serious cases despite extreme therapy efforts. Previous studies ha...

    Authors: I-Hsin Tai, Pei-Lin Wu, Mindy Ming-Huey Guo, Jessica Lee, Chi-Hsiang Chu, Kai-Sheng Hsieh and Ho-Chang Kuo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:203

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. The mechanism behind idiopathic scoliosis and its progression is not fully understood. Vitamin D insufficiency is known to play a role in the progression and/or occurrence of a variety of bone diseases. In thi...

    Authors: Abdulmonem Alsiddiky, Rheema Alfadhil, Maram Al-aqel, Noura Ababtain, Norah Almajed, Khalid Bakarman, Waleed Awwad and Raheef Alatassi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:202

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. To report the outcomes of hepatoblastoma resected in our institution.

    Authors: Jiahao Li, Huixian Li, Huiying Wu, Huilin Niu, Haibo Li, Jing Pan, Jiliang Yang, Tianbao Tan, Chao Hu, Tao Xu, Xiaohong Zhang, Manna Zheng, Kuanrong Li, Yan Zou and Tianyou Yang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:200

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Failure to properly administer drugs to children at home may cause adverse events, which makes it a challenging job for parents or caregivers. The main goal of this study was to investigate the problems and di...

    Authors: Ra’fat Ali, Abdullah Shadeed, Hasan Fitian and Sa’ed H. Zyoud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:198

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Bronchiolitis is the most common reason for infants under one year of age to be hospitalised. Despite management being well defined with high quality evidence of no efficacy for salbutamol, adrenaline, glucoco...

    Authors: Libby Haskell, Emma J. Tavender, Catherine Wilson, Franz E. Babl, Ed Oakley, Nicolette Sheridan and Stuart R. Dalziel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Systemic drug therapy is generally recommended for infant huge vascular anomalies associated with thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy, but some patients are not suitable due to drug unresponsiveness or life thre...

    Authors: Yaohao Wu, Ronglin Qiu, Lexiang Zeng, Liyang Liang, Jie Zhang, Jiajia Zhou, Wenli Jiang, Jianhang Su and Xiaogeng Deng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Hydrops fetalis as well as abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are conditions that are associated with high mortality rates. A rare case of immature gastric teratoma causing fetal hydrops and subsequent ACS i...

    Authors: Alvin B. Caballes, Leona Bettina P. Dungca, Maria Esterlita V. Uy, Maria Geraldine C. Torralba and Cristina Marie G. Embuscado

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:186

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  11. Infections caused by antibiotic resistant pathogens are increasing, with antibiotic overuse a key contributing factor.

    Authors: Gaston Arnolda, Peter Hibbert, Hsuen P. Ting, Charli Molloy, Louise Wiles, Meagan Warwick, Tom Snelling, Nusrat Homaira, Adam Jaffe and Jeffrey Braithwaite

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:185

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Intussusception decreases blood flow to the bowel, and tissue hypoperfusion results in increased lactic acid levels. We aimed to determine whether lactic acid levels are associated with pediatric intussuscepti...

    Authors: Jeong-Yong Lee, Young-Hoon Byun, Jun-Sung Park, Jong Seung Lee, Jeong-Min Ryu and Seung Jun Choi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:184

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Mortality among children under 5 years of age admitted to malnutrition units in sub-Saharan Africa remains high. The burden of HIV infection, a major risk factor for mortality among patients with severe acute ...

    Authors: Damalie Nalwanga, Victor Musiime, Samuel Kizito, John Baptist Kiggundu, Anthony Batte, Philippa Musoke and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:182

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Busulfan (Bu) is a key component of several conditioning regimens used before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, the optimum systemic exposure (expressed as the area under the concentrati...

    Authors: Xinying Feng, Yunjiao Wu, Jingru Zhang, Jiapeng Li, Guanghua Zhu, Duanfang Fan, Changqing Yang and Libo Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:176

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  15. Successful audiology service delivery depends on support from the community, and agreement to utilize hearing healthcare programs. Assessment of parents’ awareness regarding hearing loss (HL) and audiology ser...

    Authors: Ali Mohammed Alsudays, Abdulmajeed Abdullah Alharbi, Faris Saleh Althunayyan, Abdulrahman Abdullah Alsudays, Sultan Mohammed Alanazy, Osama Al-Wutay and Mazyad Marji Alenezi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:175

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Spontaneous bleedings occurring into joints (hemarthrosis) are the most common manifestations of hemophilia and causes severe joint damage ultimately resulting in joint disfunction known as hemophilic arthropa...

    Authors: Mario Edgar Tena-Sanabria, Yoriko Fabiola Rojas-Sato, José Carlos Castañeda-Resendiz, Gabriela Fuentes-Herrera, Félix Alejandro Álvarez-Martínez, Yureni Iraí Tena-Gonzalez and Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:173

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Growing evidence shows that atopic dermatitis (AD), food allergy (FA), allergic rhinitis, and asthma are largely determined during the first 1000 days (time elapsed from conception to the 2nd birthday). The AR...

    Authors: Caroll D. Hernández, Paola Casanello, Paul R. Harris, José A. Castro-Rodríguez, Carolina Iturriaga, Guillermo Perez-Mateluna, Marcelo Farías, Marcela Urzúa, Cherie Hernandez, Carolina Serrano, Mauricio Sandoval, Rodrigo Hoyos-Bachiloglu, Ricardo Uauy and Arturo Borzutzky

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:164

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  18. Recruiting patients to paediatric trials can be challenging, especially in trials that compare markedly different management pathways and are conducted in acute settings. We aimed to enhance informed consent a...

    Authors: Frances C. Sherratt, Lucy Beasant, Esther M. Crawley, Nigel J. Hall and Bridget Young

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Hyperbilirubinemia is a common neonatal problem. Studies conducted on the effectiveness of zinc salts on serum indirect bilirubin levels in newborns have yielded different results, all calling for further rese...

    Authors: Gholamreza Faal, Hoda Khatib Masjedi, Gholamreza Sharifzadeh and Zahra Kiani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:130

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. The purpose of this study was to describe clinical presentation, epilepsy, EEG, extent and site of the underlying cerebral lesion with special reference towards aetiologic background factors in a population-ba...

    Authors: Elsa Tillberg, Bengt Isberg and Jonas K. E. Persson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Child maltreatment affects a significant number of children globally. Strategies have been developed to identify children suspected of having been exposed to maltreatment with the aim of reducing further maltr...

    Authors: Jill R. McTavish, Andrea Gonzalez, Nancy Santesso, Jennifer C. D. MacGregor, Chris McKee and Harriet L. MacMillan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:113

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Ménétrier’s disease (MD) is a protein-losing gastropathy characterized by gastric hypertrophy, foveolar hyperplasia and hypoalbuminemia. MD is uncommon in childhood with nonspecific clinical symptoms, and the ...

    Authors: Jiewei Zhang, Yizhong Wang, Haifeng Liu, Yongmei Xiao and Ting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:110

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. Heated Humidified High Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy (HHFNC) is increasingly used on the paediatric wards and High Dependency Units (HDU) for different types of pathologies and different age groups. We aim...

    Authors: Osama Hosheh, Christopher T. Edwards and Padmanabhan Ramnarayan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:109

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Syncope is a common and often benign disorder presenting at the pediatric emergency department. Long-QT syndrome may be presented with syncope, ventricular arrhythmias or sudden death and is vital to exclude a...

    Authors: Björn Reynisson, Gustaf Tanghöj and Estelle Naumburg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) is an important complication of cardiac surgery. It is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The incidence of LCOS after surgery is high in patients with congeni...

    Authors: Xinwei Du, Hao Chen, Xiaoqi Song, Shunmin Wang, Zedong Hao, Lifeng Yin and Zhaohui Lu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders steadily increases with the body mass index (BMI). Since the latter is not the best and earliest indicator of obesity and cardiovascular risk, ...

    Authors: Nataša Marčun Varda, Martina Medved and Laura Ojsteršek

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:81

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The term vascular anomalies include various vascular tumors and vascular malformations, among them infantile hemangiomas and capillary malformations are the most well-known associated diseases in early ages. M...

    Authors: Li Li, Bin Yang, Li Wei, Bin Zhang, Xiao-feng Han, Zi-gang Xu and Lin Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Spinal epidural hematoma without significant trauma is a rare condition with potentially severe outcome. This case report and systematic review of the literature illustrates the clinical presentation, risk fac...

    Authors: Audrey Carlhan-Ledermann, Bernard Laubscher, Maja Steinlin, Christian T. Ulrich, Rajeev Kumar Verma, Mattia Rizzi, Rodolfo Maduri and Sebastian Grunt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:77

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Ear (tympanostomy) tube (TT) placement is a common ambulatory surgery in children. Despite the commonality of this treatment, the long-term effects are unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the...

    Authors: Jason A. Beyea, Bonnie Cooke, Emily Rosen and Paul Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Interpretation of abnormalities in liver function tests, especially in asymptomatic children, is a common problem faced by clinicians. Isolated elevation of aspartate aminotransferase may further puzzle physic...

    Authors: Pejman Rohani, Farid Imanzadeh, Aliakbar Sayyari, Maryam Kazemi Aghdam and Reza Shiari

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:73

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. The mid-long term outcomes of posterior spinal fusion in pediatric neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) patients are rarely reported, so does the effectiveness of itsorthopeidc maintenance function. This study aims...

    Authors: Siyi Cai, Zhengyao Li, Guixing Qiu, Jianxiong Shen, Hong Zhao, Yu Zhao, Yipeng Wang and Jianguo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Necrotizing soft tissue infection of the ear following ear piercing is a very rare condition. It is easily misdiagnosed leading to reconstructive morbidities and mortality in neonates. High clinical suspicion ...

    Authors: U. U. Nnadozie, O. B. Ezeanosike, C. C. Maduba, D. C. Obu and U. S. D. Unigwe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:54

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. Short-chain enoyl-CoA hydratase (SCEH or ECHS1) deficiency is a rare congenital metabolic disorder caused by biallelic mutations in the ECHS gene. Clinical phenotype includes severe developmental delay, regres...

    Authors: Hua Yang and Dan Yu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:50

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. In the Swedish population-based follow-up program and national quality registry for individuals with cerebral palsy (CPUP), physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) treatments are regularly recorded al...

    Authors: Annika Lundkvist Josenby, Tomasz Czuba and Ann I. Alriksson-Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Little is known whether children experience pain during hospital stay from the child’s own perspective or not. The existing studies tend to be based on a small number of children and therefore have limitations...

    Authors: V. Vejzovic, J. Bozic, G. Panova, M. Babajic and A-C Bramhagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Retinoblastoma is an ocular tumor in infants with cancer predisposition. Treatment of the rare tumor needs to be optimized for ocular preserved survival without second primary malignancy (SPM).

    Authors: Tamaki Ueda, Yuhki Koga, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Mika Tanabe, Kanako Yamana, Utako Oba, Kentaro Nakashima, Hiroaki Ono, Takuya Ichimura, Shunji Hasegawa, Wakako Kato, Tetsuko Kobayashi, Hideki Nakayama, Yasunari Sakai, Tadamasa Yoshitake, Saiji Ohga…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The relationship between constipation and childhood nocturnal enuresis (NE) has been previously reported; however, this relationship remains controversial. The present study aimed to evaluate the association b...

    Authors: Yu-Chao Hsiao, Jen-Hung Wang, Chia-Ling Chang, Chia-Jung Hsieh and Ming-Chun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Intestinal parasites are the commonest cause of childhood diarrhea and malnutrition in Ethiopia. Information about intestinal parasites is the first fundamental step for designing intervention strategies again...

    Authors: Berhan Tsegaye, Amanuel Yoseph and Hunachew Beyene

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Uric acid has been identified as an important factor in the development of hypertension. If low birth weight (LBW) combined with catch-up growth (CUG) is associated with continuously elevated serum uric acid l...

    Authors: Bomi Park, Bohyun Park, Hye Ah Lee, Seonhwa Lee, Hyejin Han, Eunae Park, Su Jin Cho, Hae Soon Kim, Young Ju Kim, Eun-Hee Ha and Hyesook Park

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Tonsillitis, with associated tonsillar hypertrophy, is a common disease of childhood, yet it is rarely associated with sudden death due to airway obstruction. Lethal complications involving the inflamed tonsil...

    Authors: I. Nieuwoudt, P. Goussard, J. Verster and J. Dempers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:22

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: