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General pediatric medicine and surgery

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

Page 11 of 12

  1. Promoting child wellbeing necessarily goes beyond the clinic as risks to child health and development are embedded in the social and physical environmental conditions in which children live. Pediatricians play...

    Authors: Kelli A Komro, Amy L Tobler, Alexis L Delisle, Ryan J O’Mara and Alexander C Wagenaar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:172

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Transition from children’s to adult epilepsy services is known to be challenging. Some young people partially or completely disengage from contact with services, thereby risking their health and wellbeing. We ...

    Authors: Sheila A Lewis and Jane Noyes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:169

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The project proposes three innovative intervention techniques (treadmill training, mobility training with virtual reality and transcranial direct current stimulation that can be safely administered to children...

    Authors: Luanda André Collange Grecco, Natália de Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Mariana Emerenciano de Mendonça, Hugo Pasini, Vânia Lúcia Costa de Carvalho Lima, Renata Calhes Franco, Luis Vicente Franco de Oliveira, Paulo de Tarso Camilo de Carvalho, João Carlos Ferrari Corrêa, Nelci Zanon Collange, Luciana Maria Malosá Sampaio, Manuela Galli, Felipe Fregni and Claudia Santos Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:168

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a condition typically characterised by headache, normal level of consciousness, papilloedema and raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Children often present with visual ...

    Authors: Madeleine Barnett, Manish D Sinha, Danny Morrison and Ming Lim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:167

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Hospital clowns, also known as clown doctors, can help paediatric patients with the stress of a hospitalization and to circumvent the accompanying feelings of fear, helplessness and sadness, thus supporting th...

    Authors: Claus Barkmann, Anna-Katharina Siem, Nino Wessolowski and Michael Schulte-Markwort

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:166

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care is a high risk period during which there is an increased rate of disengagement from care. Suboptimal transition has been associated with higher risks for acute ...

    Authors: Tamara Spaic, Jeff L Mahon, Irene Hramiak, Nicole Byers, Keira Evans, Tracy Robinson, Margaret L Lawson, Janine Malcolm, Ellen B Goldbloom and Cheril L Clarson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:163

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Continuous surveillance for intussusception (IS) is important for monitoring the safety of second-generation rotavirus vaccines. The present study aimed to assess the incidence of IS in Singaporean children ag...

    Authors: Kong Boo Phua, Bee-Wah Lee, Seng Hock Quak, Anette Jacobsen, Harvey Teo, Kumaran Vadivelu-Pechai, Kusuma Gopala and Yanfang Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:161

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The objective of this study is to assess the cost of using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion to treat children with type-1diabetes in Bulgaria, considering changes in body mass index (BMI) and the glyca...

    Authors: Elina Petkova, Valentina Petkova, Maia Konstantinova and Guenka Petrova

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:155

    Content type: Research article

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  9. A comparative study was performed to compare quality of life after laparoscopic and open appendectomy in children and adolescents in a German General Hospital. The same study population was re-evaluated regard...

    Authors: Matthias Kapischke, Alexandra Pries and Amke Caliebe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:154

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Pain experienced by children in emergency departments (EDs) is often poorly assessed and treated. Although local protocols and strategies are important to ensure appropriate staff behaviours, few studies have ...

    Authors: Pierpaolo Ferrante, Marina Cuttini, Tiziana Zangardi, Caterina Tomasello, Gianni Messi, Nicola Pirozzi, Valentina Losacco, Simone Piga and Franca Benini

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:139

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Lililwan Project is the first population-based study to determine Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) prevalence in Australia and was conducted in the remote Fitzroy Valley in North Western Australia. ...

    Authors: Barbara R Lucas, Jane Latimer, Robyn Doney, Manuela L Ferreira, Roger Adams, Genevieve Hawkes, James P Fitzpatrick, Marmingee Hand, June Oscar, Maureen Carter and Elizabeth J Elliott

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:135

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially life-threatening syndrome that can develop from a variety of causes. The aim of the work is to analyze the clinical spectrum and to evaluate the prevalence of various etiologies...

    Authors: Chun-Yu Chen, Yan-Ren Lin, Lu-Lu Zhao, Wen-Chieh Yang, Yu-Jun Chang, Kang-Hsi Wu and Han-Ping Wu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:134

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Acute respiratory illness, a leading cause of cough in children, accounts for a substantial proportion of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. In some children acute cough progresses to chronic cough (...

    Authors: Benjamin J Drescher, Anne B Chang, Natalie Phillips, Jason Acworth, Julie Marchant, Theo P Sloots, Michael David and Kerry-Ann F O’Grady

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:125

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. The agreement between self-reported and proxy measures of health status in ill children is not well established. This study aimed to quantify the variation in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) derived fro...

    Authors: Wantanee Kulpeng, Vorasith Sornsrivichai, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Waranya Rattanavipapong, Pattara Leelahavarong, John Cairns, Yoel Lubell and Yot Teerawattananon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:122

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Prepubertal gynecomastia is a rare condition and most frequently classified as idiopathic. In HIV-infected adults gynecomastia is a recognised but infrequent side-effect of antiretroviral treatment (ART) and m...

    Authors: Mette S van Ramshorst, Magdeline Kekana, Helen E Struthers, James A McIntyre and Remco PH Peters

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:120

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Although migrant workers account for the majority of newborns in Beijing, their children are less likely to undergo appropriate universal newborn hearing screening/rescreening (UNHS) than newborns of local non...

    Authors: Beier Qi, Xiaohua Cheng, Hui En, Bo Liu, Shichun Peng, Yong Zhen, Zhenghua Cai, Lihui Huang, Luo Zhang and Demin Han

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:116

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Quality assessment of pediatric randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in China is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quantitative trends and quality indicators of RCTs published in mainland China...

    Authors: Chun-Song Yang, Ling-Li Zhang, Li-Nan Zeng, Yi Liang, Lu Han and Yun-Zhu Lin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:113

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Benign hyperplastic thymus is a rare but important differential diagnosis of anterior mediastinal lesions. Histological and radiological criteria are used to distinguish this benign condition from other malign...

    Authors: Rosa Nguyen, Jamie L Coleman, Scott C Howard and Monika L Metzger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:103

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Low birth weight and accelerated infant growth have been identified as independent risk factors for childhood and adult obesity and cardiovascular disease. This led to the ‘Developmental Origins of Health and ...

    Authors: Arend W van Deutekom, Mai JM Chinapaw, Tanja GM Vrijkotte and Reinoud JBJ Gemke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:102

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. The aetiology of disabling chronic conditions in childhood in high income countries is not fully understood, particularly the association with socio-economic status (SES). Very few studies have used longitudin...

    Authors: Clare M Blackburn, Nicholas J Spencer and Janet M Read

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:101

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Mortality rate of patients admitted to Intensive Care Units is a widely adopted outcome indicator. Because of large case-mix variability, comparisons of mortality rates must be adjusted for the severity of pat...

    Authors: Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti, Marina Cuttini, Lucilla Ravà, Silvia Rinaldi, Carla Brusco, Paola Cogo, Nicola Pirozzi, Sergio Picardo, Franco Schiavi and Massimiliano Raponi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:100

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The diagnosis of childhood asthma covers a broad spectrum of pathological mechanisms that can lead to similarly presenting clinical symptoms, but may nonetheless require different treatment approaches. Distinc...

    Authors: Susanne JH Vijverberg, Leo Koenderman, Francine C van Erp, Cornelis K van der Ent, Dirkje S Postma, Paul Brinkman, Peter J Sterk, Jan AM Raaijmakers and Anke-Hilse Maitland-van der Zee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:94

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. It is estimated that 22,800 children were living with an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) (0.6% of children aged under 15 years) in Australia during 2003. Many children after a traumatic brain injury will experienc...

    Authors: Hugh EJ Senior, Lynne McKinlay, Jane Nikles, Philip J Schluter, Sue-Ann Carmont, Mary-Clare Waugh, Adrienne Epps, Owen Lloyd and Geoffrey K Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:89

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Unintentional poisoning in young children is an important public health issue. Age pattern studies have demonstrated that children aged 1–3 years have the highest levels of poisoning risk among children aged 0...

    Authors: Marcia Schmertmann, Ann Williamson, Deborah Black and Leigh Wilson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:88

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A lack of age-appropriate formulations can make it difficult to administer medicines to children. A manipulation of the dosage form may be required to achieve the required dose. This study aimed to describe me...

    Authors: Roberta H Richey, Utpal U Shah, Matthew Peak, Jean V Craig, James L Ford, Catrin E Barker, Anthony J Nunn and Mark A Turner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:81

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Despite the low prevalence of daily smokers in Sweden, children are still being exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), primarily by their smoking parents. A prospective intervention study using methods ...

    Authors: Noomi Carlsson, AnnaKarin Johansson, Agneta Abrahamsson and Boel Andersson Gäre

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:76

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To estimate the extents of dosing variability in prescriptions of acetaminophen to children among pediatricians, family physicians and otolaryngologists.

    Authors: Yueh-Ching Chou, Shin-Yi Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shu-Chiung Chiang, Mei-Jy Jeng and Li-Fang Chou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:64

    Content type: Research article

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  28. With the Convulsive Status Guidelines due for renewal, we wondered if a phenytoin dose of ‘20 mg/kg’ would be easier to calculate correctly and therefore safer than the current ‘18 mg/kg’. An educational exerc...

    Authors: Manish Prasad, Priya Shenton, Sanne Dietz, Vivek Saroha and William P Whitehouse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:60

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The CEASE (Clinical Effort Against Secondhand Smoke Exposure) intervention was developed to help pediatricians routinely and effectively address the harms of family smoking behaviors. Based on paper versions o...

    Authors: Bethany Hipple, Emara Nabi-Burza, Nicole Hall, Susan Regan and Jonathan P Winickoff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:56

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Little is known about reasons that influence parents’ decision to participate in studies enrolling healthy children. The aim of this observational study was to verify the reasons that lead pregnant women to gi...

    Authors: Liza Vecchi Brumatti, Marcella Montico, Stefano Russian, Veronica Tognin, Maura Bin, Fabio Barbone, Patrizia Volpi and Luca Ronfani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:53

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Second-hand smoke is a severe health hazard for children. Clinical guidelines suggest that nurses advise smoking parents to quit when they accompany their sick children to paediatric settings, but the guidelin...

    Authors: Sophia S C Chan, David C N Wong and Tai-Hing Lam

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:50

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The enzyme involved in regulating the size of vWF (von Willebrand factor) in plasma is ADAMTS-13 (A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type-1 motives). Deficient proteolysis of ULvWF (ultra la...

    Authors: Farheen Karim, Salman Naseem Adil, Bushra Afaq and Anwar ul Haq

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:44

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Seizure is one of the common causes of childhood hospitalization with significant mortality and morbidity. There is limited data regarding acute seizures episodes form the developing countries. Current study a...

    Authors: Sudhir Adhikari, Brijesh Sathian, Deepak Prasad Koirala and Kalipatnam Seshagiri Rao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:43

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Amino acid-based formulas (Aaf) are increasingly used in children with cow’s milk allergy (CMA). To be labeled hypoallergenic these formulas must demonstrate in clinical studies that they don’t provoke reactio...

    Authors: Roberto Berni Canani, Rita Nocerino, Ludovica Leone, Margherita Di Costanzo, Gianluca Terrin, Annalisa Passariello, Linda Cosenza and Riccardo Troncone

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:24

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Although numerous evidence-based and feasible interventions are available to treat pain from childhood vaccine injections, evidence indicates that children are not benefitting from this knowledge. Unrelieved v...

    Authors: Anna Taddio, Vibhuti Shah, Eman Leung, Jane Wang, Chaitya Parikh, Sarah Smart, Ross Hetherington, Moshe Ipp, Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Michael Sgro, Aleksandra Jovicic and Linda Franck

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:23

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Infused particles induce thrombogenesis, impair microcirculation and modulate immune response. We have previously shown in critically ill children, that particle-retentive in-line filtration reduced the overal...

    Authors: Martin Boehne, Thomas Jack, Harald Köditz, Kathrin Seidemann, Florian Schmidt, Michaela Abura, Harald Bertram and Michael Sasse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:21

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Ankle-Foot-Orthoses with a ventral shell, also known as Floor Reaction Orthoses (FROs), are often used to reduce gait-related problems in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP), walking with excessive knee...

    Authors: Yvette L Kerkum, Jaap Harlaar, Annemieke I Buizer, Josien C van den Noort, Jules G Becher and Merel-Anne Brehm

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:17

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. To identify the predictive factors for malignancies using basic clinical and laboratory information in children presenting with musculoskeletal pain and eventually diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis ...

    Authors: Antonella Agodi, Martina Barchitta, Cristina Trigilia, Patrizia Barone, Silvia Marino, Rosaria Garozzo, Manuela La Rosa, Giovanna Russo and Andrea Di Cataldo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:15

    Content type: Research article

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  39. As the various systems in the body are inter-connected to form a single structural unit, a pathological condition in one area can also affect other areas. There are many known correlations between the visual a...

    Authors: Armando Silvestrini-Biavati, Marco Migliorati, Eleonora Demarziani, Simona Tecco, Piero Silvestrini-Biavati, Antonella Polimeni and Matteo Saccucci

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:12

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The Medical Home model recommends that Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) receive a medical care plan, outlining the child’s major medical issues and care needs to assist with care coordination. W...

    Authors: Sherri Adams, Eyal Cohen, Sanjay Mahant, Jeremy N Friedman, Radha MacCulloch and David B Nicholas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:10

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Data on baseline characteristics of children with asthma to predict individual treatment responses are lacking. We aimed to set up a data-collection system which can easily fill this gap in clinical practice.

    Authors: Kim Zomer-Kooijker, Francine C van Erp, Walter A F Balemans, Bart E van Ewijk and Cornelis K van der Ent

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:9

    Content type: Correspondence

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  42. Otitis media (OM) is a very common condition in children and occurs during years that are critical to the development of learning, literacy, and math skills. Therefore, among a large cohort of Danish conscript...

    Authors: Marie Mortensen, Rikke Beck Nielsen, Niels Fisker and Mette Nørgaard

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:8

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common arthropathy of childhood. Different diseases affect school attendance to varying degrees. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of juvenile idiop...

    Authors: Ilham Bouaddi, Samira Rostom, Dalal El Badri, Asmae Hassani, Bouchra Chkirate, Bouchra Amine and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:2

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Hypertensive crisis in children is a relatively rare condition presenting with elevated blood pressure (BP) and related symptoms, and it is potentially life-threatening. The aim of this study was to survey chi...

    Authors: Wen-Chieh Yang, Lu-Lu Zhao, Chun-Yu Chen, Yung-Kang Wu, Yu-Jun Chang and Han-Ping Wu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:200

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Celiac disease is defined as a ‘chronic small intestinal immune-mediated enteropathy precipitated by exposure to dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals’. Sweden has experienced an “epidemic” of ...

    Authors: Anna Myléus, Olle Hernell, Leif Gothefors, Marie-Louise Hammarström, Lars-Åke Persson, Hans Stenlund and Anneli Ivarsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:194

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The use of biomarkers has expanded considerably, as an alternative to questionnaire-based metrics of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS); few studies have assessed the affect of such alternative metrics on diver...

    Authors: Chris Carlsten, Helen Dimich-Ward, Anne DyBuncio, Allan B Becker and Moira Chan-Yeung

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:187

    Content type: Research article

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