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General pediatric medicine and surgery

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

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  1. Henoch–Schönlein purpura is a type of systemic vasculitis found in children. Its prognosis is usually good; however, recurrence is relatively common. If the intestines are affected, severe complications could ...

    Authors: Eun Young Paek, Dae Yong Yi, Ben Kang and Byung-Ho Choe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:374

    Content type: Research article

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  2. There has been much research into how to promote upper-limb skills to achieve functional independence in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). One researched intervention is the Breathe Magic...

    Authors: Daisy Fancourt, Jaeyoung Wee and Fabianna Lorencatto

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:363

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Children have reported that one reason for participating in research is to help their doctor. This is potentially harmful if associated with coercive consent but might be beneficial for recruitment. We aimed t...

    Authors: Malou L. Luchtenberg, Els L. M. Maeckelberghe, Louise Locock and A. A. Eduard Verhagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:353

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Pediatric acute liver failure is a rare, life-threatening illness. Mushroom poisoning is a rare etiology. For patients with irreversible pediatric acute liver failure, liver transplantation is the ultimate lif...

    Authors: Chun-Feng Yang, Chu-Qiao Sheng, Yu Ao and Yu-Mei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:351

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Vitamin D is an essential element for body health with its supplements generally administered to prevent vitamin D deficiency. Since these supplements are available in domestic settings, vitamin D toxicity may...

    Authors: Fariba Farnaghi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani, Narges Gholami, Latif Gachkar and Maryam Hosseini Yazdi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:350

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Fabry disease is a rare inborn error of metabolism with profound clinical consequences if untreated. It is caused by the deficiency of α galactosidase A enzyme and is the only lysosomal storage disorder with a...

    Authors: Hasani Hewavitharana, Eresha Jasinge, Hiranya Abeysekera and Jithangi Wanigasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:338

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is an innovative mode for assisted ventilation that improves patient-ventilator interaction in children. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of patient-v...

    Authors: Giorgia Spinazzola, Roberta Costa, Daniele De Luca, Giovanna Chidini, Giuliano Ferrone, Marco Piastra and Giorgio Conti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:334

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The aim of this study was to determine, retrospectively, the serum 25OHD and calcium concentrations of screened neonates of mothers at high risk of 25OHD deficiency and examine whether their measurement contri...

    Authors: Sheikh Arif M. Kozgar, Paul Chay and Craig F. Munns

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:332

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Many obese children have at least one obese parent, and some of them have one parent who had undergone bariatric surgery (“bariatric families”). The perceptions and attitudes towards child obesity of parents i...

    Authors: Netta Weiss, Nataly Kalamitzky, Hagar Interator, Ronit Lubetzky and Hadar Moran-Lev

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:325

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hyperacusis is a chronic condition commonly defined as a lowered tolerance or increased sensitivity to everyday environmental sounds. It has been viewed as a paediatric disorder which can cause significant imp...

    Authors: Iskra Potgieter, Kathryn Fackrell, Veronica Kennedy, Rosa Crunkhorn and Derek J. Hoare

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Early antibiotic exposure may be contributing to the onset of childhood allergies. The main objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review on the relationship between early life antibiotic exposure...

    Authors: Ruth Baron, Meron Taye, Isolde Besseling-van der Vaart, Joanne Ujčič-Voortman, Hania Szajewska, Jacob C. Seidell and Arnoud Verhoeff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:312

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common syndrome in children, related to their immune responses, cardiovascular function, and neurocognitive function. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of SDB a...

    Authors: Yun Guo, Zhenzhen Pan, Fei Gao, Qian Wang, Shanshan Pan, Shiyao Xu, Yu Hui, Ling Li and Jun Qian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Chronic Non-Infectious Osteomyelitis (CNO) is a chronic, relapsing, self-limiting inflammation of the bone. Although it is rare, CNO has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease and frequently precedes ...

    Authors: Alyssa Lorenze, Lukas Meadows, Temitope Kehinde and Cortney Ballengee Menchini

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:304

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Reaching the bedside of a critically ill child within three hours of agreeing the child requires intensive care is a key target for Paediatric Critical Care Transport teams (PCCTs) to achieve in the United Kin...

    Authors: Sarah E. Seaton, Padmanabhan Ramnarayan, Patrick Davies, Emma Hudson, Stephen Morris, Christina Pagel, Fatemah Rajah, Jo Wray and Elizabeth S. Draper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The fundamental treatment for patients with pediatric malignant mediastinal tumors is chemotherapy. Therefore, accurate diagnosis is essential for selecting the appropriate chemotherapeutic regimen. However, m...

    Authors: Tomoko Tanaka, Hizuru Amano, Yujiro Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Tatsuro Tajiri, Takahisa Tainaka, Chiyoe Shirota, Wataru Sumida, Kazuki Yokota, Satoshi Makita, Yukiko Tani, Akinari Hinoki and Hiroo Uchida

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare hyperinflammatory syndrome that requires prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. A risk-stratification model that could be used to identify high-.....

    Authors: Hua Pan, Gaoyan Wang, Enben Guan, Liang Song, Aiqin Song, Xiaodan Liu, Zhi Yi and Li-rong Sun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Immunization is the process by which a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of vaccine. Vaccination coverage for other single vaccines ranged from 49.1% ...

    Authors: Akine Eshete, Sisay Shewasinad and Solomon Hailemeskel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  18. This study aims to explore the diagnostic accuracy of the combination of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for biliary atresia (BA) screening at different ages.

    Authors: Qiulong Shen, Sarah Siyin Tan, Zengmeng Wang, Siyu Cai, Wenbo Pang, Chunhui Peng and Yajun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disease seen in Pediatrics Neurology Units in many developing countries. It affects negatively on school attendance and academic performance. This study tries t...

    Authors: Oumer Hassen and Ayalew Beyene

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The aim of this study was to evaluate anastomotic complications after primary one-staged esophageal atresia (EA) repair relating to the patients` gestational age (GA).

    Authors: Carmen Dingemann, Julia Brendel, Julia Wenskus, Sabine Pirr, Nagoud Schukfeh, Benno Ure and Konrad Reinshagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of radiation therapy on survival in a historical cohort of 56 pediatric patients with head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma.

    Authors: Yuan Wen, Dongsheng Huang, Weiling Zhang, Yi Zhang, Huimin Hu and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This concept analysis aimed to clarify the meaning of “children with complex health conditions” and endorse a definition to inform future research, policy, and practice.

    Authors: Rima Azar, Shelley Doucet, Amanda Rose Horsman, Patricia Charlton, Alison Luke, Daniel A. Nagel, Nicky Hyndman and William J. Montelpare

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Population prevalence estimates by the World Health Organisation suggest that 1 in 160 children worldwide has an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Accessing respite care services for children with an ASD can oft...

    Authors: Emma Cooke, Valerie Smith and Maria Brenner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Diarrhoea is one of the major contributors to death among under-five children in Ethiopia. Studies conducted in different countries showed that rural children are more severely affected by diarrhoea than urban...

    Authors: Melkamu Molla Ferede

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:239

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The objective of this prospective, multidisciplinary and multicenter study was to explore the effect of a cleft lip, associated or not with a cleft palate, on parents, on parent-infant relationship, and on the...

    Authors: Bruno Grollemund, Caroline Dissaux, Pascale Gavelle, Carla Pérez Martínez, Jimmy Mullaert, Toni Alfaiate and Antoine Guedeney

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:230

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Although hyperglycemia and pancreatitis are known side effects of L-asparaginase, both contributing to the development of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is unfamiliar in literature.

    Authors: Patel Zeeshan Jameel, Sham Lohiya, Amol Dongre, Sachin Damke and Bhavana B. Lakhkar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:228

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Few clinical trials have been reported for patients with intermediate-risk neuroblastoma because of the scarcity of the disease and the variety of clinical and biological characteristics. A multidisciplinary t...

    Authors: Tomoko Iehara, Akihiro Yoneda, Atsushi Kikuta, Toshihiro Muraji, Kazuaki Tokiwa, Hideto Takahashi, Satoshi Teramukai, Tetsuya Takimoto, Shigeki Yagyu, Hajime Hosoi and Tatsuro Tajiri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:212

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. There is only limited experience with wearable cardioverter-defibrillators (WCD) in pediatric patients. We report on the successful application of a WCD in an adolescent patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopath...

    Authors: Stefan Kurath-Koller, Hannes Sallmon, Daniel Scherr, Egbert Bisping, Ante Burmas, Igor Knez and Martin Koestenberger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:207

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Kawasaki Disease (KD) is considered a major acquired heart disease in children under the age of 5. Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) can occur in serious cases despite extreme therapy efforts. Previous studies ha...

    Authors: I-Hsin Tai, Pei-Lin Wu, Mindy Ming-Huey Guo, Jessica Lee, Chi-Hsiang Chu, Kai-Sheng Hsieh and Ho-Chang Kuo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:203

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The mechanism behind idiopathic scoliosis and its progression is not fully understood. Vitamin D insufficiency is known to play a role in the progression and/or occurrence of a variety of bone diseases. In thi...

    Authors: Abdulmonem Alsiddiky, Rheema Alfadhil, Maram Al-aqel, Noura Ababtain, Norah Almajed, Khalid Bakarman, Waleed Awwad and Raheef Alatassi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:202

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To report the outcomes of hepatoblastoma resected in our institution.

    Authors: Jiahao Li, Huixian Li, Huiying Wu, Huilin Niu, Haibo Li, Jing Pan, Jiliang Yang, Tianbao Tan, Chao Hu, Tao Xu, Xiaohong Zhang, Manna Zheng, Kuanrong Li, Yan Zou and Tianyou Yang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:200

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Failure to properly administer drugs to children at home may cause adverse events, which makes it a challenging job for parents or caregivers. The main goal of this study was to investigate the problems and di...

    Authors: Ra’fat Ali, Abdullah Shadeed, Hasan Fitian and Sa’ed H. Zyoud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:198

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Bronchiolitis is the most common reason for infants under one year of age to be hospitalised. Despite management being well defined with high quality evidence of no efficacy for salbutamol, adrenaline, glucoco...

    Authors: Libby Haskell, Emma J. Tavender, Catherine Wilson, Franz E. Babl, Ed Oakley, Nicolette Sheridan and Stuart R. Dalziel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:189

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Systemic drug therapy is generally recommended for infant huge vascular anomalies associated with thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy, but some patients are not suitable due to drug unresponsiveness or life thre...

    Authors: Yaohao Wu, Ronglin Qiu, Lexiang Zeng, Liyang Liang, Jie Zhang, Jiajia Zhou, Wenli Jiang, Jianhang Su and Xiaogeng Deng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Hydrops fetalis as well as abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are conditions that are associated with high mortality rates. A rare case of immature gastric teratoma causing fetal hydrops and subsequent ACS i...

    Authors: Alvin B. Caballes, Leona Bettina P. Dungca, Maria Esterlita V. Uy, Maria Geraldine C. Torralba and Cristina Marie G. Embuscado

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:186

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Infections caused by antibiotic resistant pathogens are increasing, with antibiotic overuse a key contributing factor.

    Authors: Gaston Arnolda, Peter Hibbert, Hsuen P. Ting, Charli Molloy, Louise Wiles, Meagan Warwick, Tom Snelling, Nusrat Homaira, Adam Jaffe and Jeffrey Braithwaite

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:185

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Intussusception decreases blood flow to the bowel, and tissue hypoperfusion results in increased lactic acid levels. We aimed to determine whether lactic acid levels are associated with pediatric intussuscepti...

    Authors: Jeong-Yong Lee, Young-Hoon Byun, Jun-Sung Park, Jong Seung Lee, Jeong-Min Ryu and Seung Jun Choi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:184

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Mortality among children under 5 years of age admitted to malnutrition units in sub-Saharan Africa remains high. The burden of HIV infection, a major risk factor for mortality among patients with severe acute ...

    Authors: Damalie Nalwanga, Victor Musiime, Samuel Kizito, John Baptist Kiggundu, Anthony Batte, Philippa Musoke and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:182

    Content type: Research article

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