General pediatric medicine and surgery

Section Edited by Kusum Menon

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

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  1. Case report

    Sclerosing mesenteritis in a 5-year-old Chinese boy: a case report

    Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare fibroinflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that primarily affects the mesentery of the small intestine during late adult life. Only about twenty pediatric cases have been ...

    Cui-ping Liang, Min Yang, Pei-Yu Chen, Lan-Lan Geng, Ding-You Li and Si-Tang Gong

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:179

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  2. Research article

    Impact of a nurse led telephone intervention on satisfaction and health outcomes of children with inflammatory rheumatic diseases and their families: a crossover randomized clinical trial

    Children suffering from rheumatic disease are faced with multidimensional challenges that affect their quality of life and family dynamics. Symptom management and monitoring of the course of the disease over t...

    Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Béatrice Fonjallaz, Laura Rio, Sandra Zoni, Pierluigi Ballabeni, Joachim Rapin, Christophe Gueniat and Michaël Hofer

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:168

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  3. Research article

    Changes in hepatitis B virus antibody titers over time among children: a single center study from 2012 to 2015 in an urban of South Korea

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most common cause of liver disease in endemic areas such as South Korea. After HBV vaccination, hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) titers gradually decrease. Trends i...

    Kyeong Hun Lee, Kyu Seok Shim, In Seok Lim, Soo Ahn Chae, Sin Weon Yun, Na Mi Lee, Young Bae Choi and Dae Yong Yi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:164

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  4. Study protocol

    A multicentre randomised controlled trial of levetiracetam versus phenytoin for convulsive status epilepticus in children (protocol): Convulsive Status Epilepticus Paediatric Trial (ConSEPT) - a PREDICT study

    Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is the most common life-threatening childhood neurological emergency. Despite this, there is a lack of high quality evidence supporting medication use after first line benzo...

    Stuart R. Dalziel, Jeremy Furyk, Megan Bonisch, Ed Oakley, Meredith Borland, Jocelyn Neutze, Susan Donath, Cynthia Sharpe, Simon Harvey, Andrew Davidson, Simon Craig, Natalie Phillips, Shane George, Arjun Rao, Nicholas Cheng, Michael Zhang…

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:152

    Published on: 22 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Validity and reliability of electroacoustic probe for diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip

    Sound transmission is used in the diagnosis of hip dysplasia since the end of the 80’s. Aim of this study is to quantify the validity and reliability of electroacoustic probe for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia...

    Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza, Georgina Olvera-Villanueva, Silvia del Carmen Delgado-Sandoval, Teodoro Cordova-Fraga, Modesto Antonio Sosa-Aquino and Vicente Beltran-Campos

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:149

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Risk factors and implications of progressive coronary dilatation in children with Kawasaki disease

    Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis that occurs in children and may lead to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Progressive coronary dilatation for at least 2 months is associated with wo...

    Ming-Yu Liu, Hsin-Min Liu, Chia-Hui Wu, Chin-Hao Chang, Guan-Jr Huang, Chun-An Chen, Shuenn-Nan Chiu, Chun-Wei Lu, Ming-Tai Lin, Luan-Yin Chang, Jou-Kou Wang and Mei-Hwan Wu

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:139

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Relationship between Glycemic Levels and Treatment Outcome among Critically Ill Children admitted into Emergency Room in Enugu

    Critically ill children are those in need of immediate attention on arrival to an emergency room. The importance of glycemic level measurement as well as maintaining the patency of the airway, effective breath...

    Nwachinemere Davidson Uleanya, Elias Chikee Aniwada, Ikenna Chidiebele Nwokoye, Ikenna Kingsley Ndu and Christopher Bismarck Eke

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:126

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  8. Study protocol

    TropicALL study: Thromboprophylaxis in Children treated for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with Low-molecular-weight heparin: a multicenter randomized controlled trial

    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common and severe complication during treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). An important cause is the intensive use of asparaginase. Prospective cohort studies in w...

    Irene L. M. Klaassen, Mandy N. Lauw, Marianne D. van de Wetering, Bart J. Biemond, Saskia Middeldorp, Floor C. H. Abbink, Marc Bierings, D. Maroeska M. W. te Loo, Rob Pieters, Inge M. van der Sluis, Wim J. E. Tissing, C. Michel Zwaan and C. Heleen van Ommen

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:122

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Does sevoflurane add to outpatient procedural sedation in children? A randomised clinical trial

    There is little evidence concerning the effect of sevoflurane in outpatient procedural sedation, especially in children. We hypothesised that the addition of sevoflurane to a sedation regimen improves children...

    Hugo Sérgio de Oliveira Gomes, Heloisa de Sousa Gomes, Joji Sado-Filho, Luciane Rezende Costa and Paulo Sucasas Costa

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:86

    Published on: 24 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Thermal quantitative sensory testing in healthy Dutch children and adolescents standardized test paradigm and Dutch reference values

    Quantitative sensory testing (QST) is often used to measure children’s and adults’ detection- and pain thresholds in a quantitative manner. In children especially the Thermal Sensory Analyzer (TSA-II) is often...

    Gerbrich E. van den Bosch, Monique van Dijk, Dick Tibboel and Abraham J. Valkenburg

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:77

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Evaluation of sublingual microcirculation in a paediatric intensive care unit: prospective observational study about its feasibility and utility

    Evaluation of the microcirculation in critically ill patients is usually done by means of indirect parameters. The aim of our study was to evaluate the functional state of the microcirculation by direct visual...

    Rafael González, Jorge López, Javier Urbano, María José Solana, Sarah Nicole Fernández, María José Santiago and Jesús López-Herce

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:75

    Published on: 15 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Congenital malformations and medical conditions associated with orofacial clefts in children in Burkina Faso

    Orofacial clefts are usually isolated cases but can be associated with other congenital malformations that are either recognised or unrecognised syndromes. The reported prevalence and pattern of such associate...

    Kisito Nagalo, Isso Ouédraogo, Jean-Martin Laberge, Louise Caouette-Laberge and Jean Turgeon

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:72

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Laparoscopic resection of neuroblastomas in low- to high-risk patients without image-defined risk factors is safe and feasible

    Several studies have reported that minimally invasive surgery (MIS) might be considered for resecting neuroblastomas without image-defined risk factors (IDRFs); however, there are no studies comparing the outc...

    Chiyoe Shirota, Takahisa Tainaka, Hiroo Uchida, Akinari Hinoki, Kosuke Chiba and Yujiro Tanaka

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:71

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  14. Case report

    Carnitine-related hypoglycemia caused by 3 days of pivalate antibiotic therapy in a patient with severe muscular dystrophy: a case report

    Long-term treatment with antibiotics containing pivalic acid may decrease serum carnitine concentration and can sometimes be associated with severe hypoglycemia and encephalopathy in infants. Little has been r...

    Masanori Ito, Mitsumasa Fukuda, Yuka Suzuki, Hiroyuki Wakamoto and Eiichi Ishii

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:73

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Premature atherosclerosis in children with beta-thalassemia major: New diagnostic marker

    Early vascular alteration, atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease have emerged as important cardiovascular complications among beta-thalassemia major (B-TM) patients. The aims of the current study were to...

    Laila M. Sherief, Osama Dawood, Adel Ali, Hanan S. Sherbiny, Naglaa M. Kamal, Mohamed Elshanshory, Osama Abd Alazez, Mohamed Abd Alhady, Mohamed Nour and Wesam A. Mokhtar

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:69

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  16. Debate

    Do systematic reviews on pediatric topics need special methodological considerations?

    Systematic reviews are key tools to enable decision making by healthcare providers and policymakers. Despite the availability of the evidence based Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analys...

    Mufiza Farid-Kapadia, Lisa Askie, Lisa Hartling, Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Roger Soll, David Moher and Martin Offringa

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:57

    Published on: 6 March 2017

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