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General pediatric medicine and surgery

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 11

  1. There is no globally accepted definition for dosing error in adult or pediatric practice. The definition of pediatric dosing error varies greatly in the literature. The objective of this study was to develop a fr...

    Authors: Nadia Roumeliotis, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Paula Rochon, Anna Taddio and Chris Parshuram

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:488

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Rosai- Dorfman Disease (RDD) is a benign condition of unknown aetiology which is characterized by non-neoplastic proliferation of histiocytes. Pathophysiology and natural history remain obscure due to the low ...

    Authors: Tharmini Danisious, Mathula Hettiarachchi, Chanuka Dharmadasa and Heshan Jayaweera

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:470

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The hospital patient pathway for having treatment procedures can be daunting for younger patients and their family members, especially when they are about to undergo a complex intervention. Opportunities to me...

    Authors: Lisa Aufegger, Khánh Hà Bùi, Colin Bicknell and Ara Darzi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  4. With increased use of telehealth, interventions to improve infant sleep environments have not been explored. This study sought to assess the feasibility and efficacy of using electronic health record patient p...

    Authors: Ethan A. Canty, Benjamin N. Fogel, Erich K. Batra, Eric W. Schaefer, Jessica S. Beiler and Ian M. Paul

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:468

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is the most severe and potentially lethal complication of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) which might occur following definitive surgery. Our objectives were: 1) to com...

    Authors: Gunadi, Afnandito Valeno Risky Sukarelawanto, Azmi Ritana, Naisya Balela, Wayan Julita Krisnanti Putri, Dian Nirmala Sirait, Vincentia Meta Widya Paramita, Andika Purba Sasmita, Andi Dwihantoro and Akhmad Makhmudi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The Global Trigger Tool (GTT),which is a method using “triggers” to review medical record retrospectively to identify possible adverse events. Several studies showed that the GTT was effective. However, there ...

    Authors: Yi Liu, Junfeng Yan, Yunfei Xie and Yuan Bian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:454

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Young children and those with chronic medical conditions are at risk for complications of influenza including cardiopulmonary compromise. Here we aim to examine risks of mortality, clinical complications in ch...

    Authors: Laxmi V. Ghimire, Fu-Sheng Chou and Anita J. Moon-Grady

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is caused by immune-mediated destruction of the β-cells. After initiation of insulin therapy many patients experience a period of improved residual β-cell function leading to partial dise...

    Authors: Anne Julie Overgaard, Jens Otto Broby Madsen, Flemming Pociot, Jesper Johannesen and Joachim Størling

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:446

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Extravasation injury resulting from intravenous therapies delivered via peripheral intravenous catheters or umbilical and peripherally inserted central venous catheters is a common iatrogenic complication occu...

    Authors: Kam Ming Chan, Janita Pak Chun Chau, Kai Chow Choi, Genevieve Po Gee Fung, Wai Wa Lui, Meme Suk Ying Chan and Suzanne Hoi Shan Lo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:445

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In populations above 3,000 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l.) normal values of oxygen saturation (SpO2) above 90% have been reported. Few studies have been conducted in cities of moderate altitude (between 2,50...

    Authors: Vinicio Andrade, Felipe Andrade, Pablo Riofrio, Fúlvio B. Nedel, Miguel Martin and Natalia Romero-Sandoval

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Managing children with minor head trauma remains challenging for physicians who evaluate for the need for computed tomography (CT) imaging for clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) identification...

    Authors: Rasha D. Sawaya, Cynthia Wakil, Adonis Wazir, Sami Shayya, Iskandar Berbari, Rawan Safa, Maha Makki, Mahdi Hamade and Hani Tamim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Drooling is common in children with neurological disorders, but its management is very challenging, Scopolamine transdermal patch (STP) appears to be useful in controlling drooling, although it is not approved...

    Authors: Majed Al Jeraisy, Maissa AlFuraih, Raghad AlSaif, Bushra AlKhalifah, Hazza AlOtaibi and Mostafa A. Abolfotouh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:437

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Inhaled hypertonic saline (HS) has shown benefit in decreasing airway edema in acute bronchiolitis which is the most common lower respiratory infection resulting in dyspnea among infants under 2 years old. The...

    Authors: Chia-Wen Hsieh, Chiehfeng Chen, Hui-Chuan Su and Kee-Hsin Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A commonly held public belief is that cow’s milk products increase mucus production and respiratory symptoms. Dietary milk elimination is often attempted despite lack of evidence. Our objective was to investig...

    Authors: Yael Koren, Keren Armoni Domany, Guy Gut, Amir Hadanny, Shira Benor, Oren Tavor and Yakov Sivan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted healthcare systems worldwide. In addition to the direct impact of the virus on patient morbidity and mortality, the effect of lockdown strategies on health and healthcare ut...

    Authors: Christian Dopfer, Martin Wetzke, Anna Zychlinsky Scharff, Frank Mueller, Frank Dressler, Ulrich Baumann, Michael Sasse, Gesine Hansen, Alexandra Jablonka and Christine Happle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Fluid therapy is a cornerstone of pediatric intensive care medicine. We aimed at quantifying the load of water, sodium and chloride due to different fluid indications in our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU...

    Authors: Thomas Langer, Veronica D’Oria, Giulia C. I. Spolidoro, Giovanna Chidini, Stefano Scalia Catenacci, Tiziana Marchesi, Marta Guerrini, Andrea Cislaghi, Carlo Agostoni, Antonio Pesenti and Edoardo Calderini

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:424

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anastomotic stricture (AS) is the most frequently occurring complication that occurs after esophageal atresia (EA) repair. Nevertheless, the pathogenesis remains primarily unknown and there is inadequate knowl...

    Authors: Anahid Teimourian, Felipe Donoso, Pernilla Stenström, Helena Arnadottir, Einar Arnbjörnsson, Helene Lilja and Martin Salö

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:400

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Sepsis is still one of the main causes of infants and children mortality especially in developing, economically challenged countries with limited resources. Our objective in this study was to determine, the pr...

    Authors: Samira Z. Sayed, Mohamed M. Mahmoud, Hend M. Moness and Suzan O. Mousa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:387

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Henoch–Schönlein purpura is a type of systemic vasculitis found in children. Its prognosis is usually good; however, recurrence is relatively common. If the intestines are affected, severe complications could ...

    Authors: Eun Young Paek, Dae Yong Yi, Ben Kang and Byung-Ho Choe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:374

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There has been much research into how to promote upper-limb skills to achieve functional independence in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). One researched intervention is the Breathe Magic...

    Authors: Daisy Fancourt, Jaeyoung Wee and Fabianna Lorencatto

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:363

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Children have reported that one reason for participating in research is to help their doctor. This is potentially harmful if associated with coercive consent but might be beneficial for recruitment. We aimed t...

    Authors: Malou L. Luchtenberg, Els L. M. Maeckelberghe, Louise Locock and A. A. Eduard Verhagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:353

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Pediatric acute liver failure is a rare, life-threatening illness. Mushroom poisoning is a rare etiology. For patients with irreversible pediatric acute liver failure, liver transplantation is the ultimate lif...

    Authors: Chun-Feng Yang, Chu-Qiao Sheng, Yu Ao and Yu-Mei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:351

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. Vitamin D is an essential element for body health with its supplements generally administered to prevent vitamin D deficiency. Since these supplements are available in domestic settings, vitamin D toxicity may...

    Authors: Fariba Farnaghi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani, Narges Gholami, Latif Gachkar and Maryam Hosseini Yazdi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:350

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Fabry disease is a rare inborn error of metabolism with profound clinical consequences if untreated. It is caused by the deficiency of α galactosidase A enzyme and is the only lysosomal storage disorder with a...

    Authors: Hasani Hewavitharana, Eresha Jasinge, Hiranya Abeysekera and Jithangi Wanigasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:338

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  25. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is an innovative mode for assisted ventilation that improves patient-ventilator interaction in children. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of patient-v...

    Authors: Giorgia Spinazzola, Roberta Costa, Daniele De Luca, Giovanna Chidini, Giuliano Ferrone, Marco Piastra and Giorgio Conti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:334

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The aim of this study was to determine, retrospectively, the serum 25OHD and calcium concentrations of screened neonates of mothers at high risk of 25OHD deficiency and examine whether their measurement contri...

    Authors: Sheikh Arif M. Kozgar, Paul Chay and Craig F. Munns

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:332

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Many obese children have at least one obese parent, and some of them have one parent who had undergone bariatric surgery (“bariatric families”). The perceptions and attitudes towards child obesity of parents i...

    Authors: Netta Weiss, Nataly Kalamitzky, Hagar Interator, Ronit Lubetzky and Hadar Moran-Lev

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:325

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Hyperacusis is a chronic condition commonly defined as a lowered tolerance or increased sensitivity to everyday environmental sounds. It has been viewed as a paediatric disorder which can cause significant imp...

    Authors: Iskra Potgieter, Kathryn Fackrell, Veronica Kennedy, Rosa Crunkhorn and Derek J. Hoare

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Early antibiotic exposure may be contributing to the onset of childhood allergies. The main objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review on the relationship between early life antibiotic exposure...

    Authors: Ruth Baron, Meron Taye, Isolde Besseling-van der Vaart, Joanne Ujčič-Voortman, Hania Szajewska, Jacob C. Seidell and Arnoud Verhoeff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:312

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common syndrome in children, related to their immune responses, cardiovascular function, and neurocognitive function. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of SDB a...

    Authors: Yun Guo, Zhenzhen Pan, Fei Gao, Qian Wang, Shanshan Pan, Shiyao Xu, Yu Hui, Ling Li and Jun Qian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Chronic Non-Infectious Osteomyelitis (CNO) is a chronic, relapsing, self-limiting inflammation of the bone. Although it is rare, CNO has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease and frequently precedes ...

    Authors: Alyssa Lorenze, Lukas Meadows, Temitope Kehinde and Cortney Ballengee Menchini

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:304

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Reaching the bedside of a critically ill child within three hours of agreeing the child requires intensive care is a key target for Paediatric Critical Care Transport teams (PCCTs) to achieve in the United Kin...

    Authors: Sarah E. Seaton, Padmanabhan Ramnarayan, Patrick Davies, Emma Hudson, Stephen Morris, Christina Pagel, Fatemah Rajah, Jo Wray and Elizabeth S. Draper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The fundamental treatment for patients with pediatric malignant mediastinal tumors is chemotherapy. Therefore, accurate diagnosis is essential for selecting the appropriate chemotherapeutic regimen. However, m...

    Authors: Tomoko Tanaka, Hizuru Amano, Yujiro Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Tatsuro Tajiri, Takahisa Tainaka, Chiyoe Shirota, Wataru Sumida, Kazuki Yokota, Satoshi Makita, Yukiko Tani, Akinari Hinoki and Hiroo Uchida

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare hyperinflammatory syndrome that requires prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. A risk-stratification model that could be used to identify high-.....

    Authors: Hua Pan, Gaoyan Wang, Enben Guan, Liang Song, Aiqin Song, Xiaodan Liu, Zhi Yi and Li-rong Sun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Immunization is the process by which a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of vaccine. Vaccination coverage for other single vaccines ranged from 49.1% ...

    Authors: Akine Eshete, Sisay Shewasinad and Solomon Hailemeskel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study aims to explore the diagnostic accuracy of the combination of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for biliary atresia (BA) screening at different ages.

    Authors: Qiulong Shen, Sarah Siyin Tan, Zengmeng Wang, Siyu Cai, Wenbo Pang, Chunhui Peng and Yajun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disease seen in Pediatrics Neurology Units in many developing countries. It affects negatively on school attendance and academic performance. This study tries t...

    Authors: Oumer Hassen and Ayalew Beyene

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The aim of this study was to evaluate anastomotic complications after primary one-staged esophageal atresia (EA) repair relating to the patients` gestational age (GA).

    Authors: Carmen Dingemann, Julia Brendel, Julia Wenskus, Sabine Pirr, Nagoud Schukfeh, Benno Ure and Konrad Reinshagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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