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Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Page 4 of 6

  1. The aims of our study were to: (i) determine the prevalence of children aged 4 to 6 years with probable Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms in the Spanish population; and (ii) analyse the ...

    Authors: Alberto José Cerrillo-Urbina, Antonio García-Hermoso, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, María Jesús Pardo-Guijarro, Abel Ruiz-Hermosa and Mairena Sánchez-López

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:111

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Obesity has been hypothesized to be associated with reduced moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and increased sedentary time (ST). It is important to assess whether, and the extent to which, levels o...

    Authors: Rabha Elmesmari, Anne Martin, John J. Reilly and James Y. Paton

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:106

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Indigenous infants and children in Australia, especially in remote communities, experience early and chronic otitis media (OM) which is difficult to treat and has lifelong impacts in health and education. The ...

    Authors: Caroline Jones, Mridula Sharma, Samantha Harkus, Catherine McMahon, Mele Taumoepeau, Katherine Demuth, Karen Mattock, Lee Rosas, Raelene Wing, Sulabha Pawar and Anne Hampshire

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:99

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Adolescents with low motor competence participate less in physical activity and tend to exhibit decreased physical fitness compared to their peers with high motor competence. It is therefore essential to ident...

    Authors: Emmanuel Bonney, Eugene Rameckers, Gillian Ferguson and Bouwien Smits-Engelsman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:78

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children is an increasing public health concern. The identification of behavioral risk factors, including sleep quality, has important public health implic...

    Authors: Hui Cao, Shuangqin Yan, Chunli Gu, Sumei Wang, Lingling Ni, Huihui Tao, Ting Shao, Yeqing Xu and Fangbiao Tao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:70

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Factors influencing child development are not well studied in developing settings, and especially in Mongolia. This cohort study examined the relationship between maternal socio-demographic and psychological c...

    Authors: Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Duurenbayar Ganbaatar, Olukunmi O. Balogun, Naohiro Yonemoto, Bayasgalantai Bavuusuren, Kenji Takehara, Rintaro Mori and Moe Akahira-Azuma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:68

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Children with specific language impairment often present with multiple comorbidities, which may adversely affect both participation in play and academic performance, potentially impacting a child’s health-rela...

    Authors: Kristy Nicola and Pauline Watter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:62

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in infants. When the condition causes pathological symptoms and/or complications it is considered gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). It appears to be increasing...

    Authors: Hannah Grace Dahlen, Jann P. Foster, Kim Psaila, Kaye Spence, Nadia Badawi, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied and Charlene Thornton

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:30

    Content type: Research article

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  9. While therapy services may start in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) there is often a gap in therapy after discharge. Supporting Play Exploration and Early Development Intervention (SPEEDI) supports par...

    Authors: Stacey C. Dusing, Tanya Tripathi, Emily C. Marcinowski, Leroy R. Thacker, Lisa F. Brown and Karen D. Hendricks-Muñoz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:46

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Extreme poverty is severe deprivation of basic needs and services. Children living in extreme poverty may lack adequate parental care and face increased developmental and health risks. However, there is a pauc...

    Authors: Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Mekitie Wondafrash, Marleen Vanvuchelen, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren and Marita Granitzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:45

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Late Language Emergence (LLE) in the first two years of life is one of the most common parental concerns about child development and reasons for seeking advice from health professionals. LLE is much more preva...

    Authors: Catherine L. Taylor, Mabel L. Rice, Daniel Christensen, Eve Blair and Stephen R. Zubrick

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:41

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Data on visuomotor performance in combat training and the effects of combat training on visuomotor performance are limited. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a specially designed combat sports (CS...

    Authors: Yan-Ying Ju, Yen-Hsiu Liu, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Yu-Lung Lee, Shih-Tsung Chang, Chi-Chin Sun and Hsin-Yi Kathy Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:39

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The decrease in the frequency of family meals among Asian youth is often lamented. In Japan, adolescents who eat breakfast alone might have an unhealthy diet, which increases the risk of overweight or obese. H...

    Authors: Takako Shirasawa, Hirotaka Ochiai, Takahiko Yoshimoto, Masaaki Matoba, Yuma Sunaga, Hiromi Hoshino and Akatsuki Kokaze

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:36

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Children living with foster families in a resource-limited setting such as Ethiopia are at risk of developmental problems. It is not yet clear whether intensive home-based developmental stimulation assisted by...

    Authors: Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Mekitie Wondafrash, Johan Lemmens, Jan Valy, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren and Marita Granitzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:29

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Sleep plays a prominent role in the growth and development of children. Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are more prone to sleep disorders (SDs) than their peers. Children with CP, have a higher prevalence of...

    Authors: Kisughu Munyumu, Richard Idro, Catherine Abbo, Mark Kaddumukasa, Elly Katabira, Ezekiel Mupere and Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:26

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Positive-interaction parenting early in childhood is encouraged due to its association with behavioural development later in life. The objective of this study was to examine if the level of positive-interactio...

    Authors: Theresa H. M. Kim, Jennifer A. Connolly, Michael Rotondi and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:2

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Childhood overweight is a growing problem in industrialized countries. Parents play a major role in the development and the treatment of overweight in their children. A key factor here is the perception of the...

    Authors: Daniela Nemecek, Christian Sebelefsky, Astrid Woditschka and Peter Voitl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:212

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Understanding factors related to girls’ body image discrepancy, which is the difference between self-perceived current or actual and ideal body size, is important for addressing body-related issues and prevent...

    Authors: Lorraine B. Robbins, Jiying Ling and Kenneth Resnicow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:201

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Many children in the remote Fitzroy Valley region of Western Australia have prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Individuals with PAE can have neurodevelopmental impairments and be diagnosed with one of several ty...

    Authors: Robyn Doney, Barbara R. Lucas, Rochelle E. Watkins, Tracey W. Tsang, Kay Sauer, Peter Howat, Jane Latimer, James P. Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter and Elizabeth J. Elliott

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:193

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are frequently at risk of long-term impairments of attention and executive functioning but these problems are difficult to predict. Although deficits have been report...

    Authors: Amy A. Wilkinson, Maureen Dennis, Nevena Simic, Margot J. Taylor, Benjamin R. Morgan, Helena Frndova, Karen Choong, Craig Campbell, Douglas Fraser, Vicki Anderson, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Russell Schachar and Jamie Hutchison

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:173

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Negative peer experiences may lead adolescents with overweight and obesity to be less active and engage in more sitting-related behaviors. Our study is among the first to empirically test these associations an...

    Authors: Jodie A. Stearns, Valerie Carson, John C. Spence, Guy Faulkner and Scott T. Leatherdale

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:170

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Bullying and cyberbullying are common phenomena in schools. These negative behaviours can have a significant impact on the health and particularly mental health of those involved in such behaviours, both as vi...

    Authors: Leonardo Bevilacqua, Nichola Shackleton, Daniel Hale, Elizabeth Allen, Lyndal Bond, Deborah Christie, Diana Elbourne, Natasha Fitzgerald-Yau, Adam Fletcher, Rebecca Jones, Alec Miners, Stephen Scott, Meg Wiggins, Chris Bonell and Russell M. Viner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:160

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant h...

    Authors: Kelly H. M. Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C. Rovers and Carolina de Weerth

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:154

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Extant research has demonstrated that parenting behaviour can be a significant contributor to the development of brain structure and mental health during adolescence. Nonetheless, there is limited research exa...

    Authors: J.G. Simmons, O.S. Schwartz, K. Bray, C. Deane, E. Pozzi, S. Richmond, J. Smith, N. Vijayakumar, M.L. Byrne, M.L. Seal, M.B.H. Yap, N.B. Allen and S.L. Whittle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:153

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. This study examined the frequency of and differences in sedentary bouts of different durations and the total time spent in sedentary bouts on a weekday, a weekend day, during school hours, during after-school ...

    Authors: Maïté Verloigne, Nicola D. Ridgers, Mai Chinapaw, Teatske M. Altenburg, Elling Bere, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Greet Cardon, Johannes Brug and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:147

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Social protection interventions, including cash grants and care provision have been shown to effectively reduce some negative impacts of the HIV epidemic on adolescents and families. Less is known about the ro...

    Authors: Lorraine Sherr, Ana Macedo, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen and Lucie Dale Cluver

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:123

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Various international laws and guidelines stress the importance of respecting the developing autonomy of children and involving minors in decision-making regarding treatment and research participation. However...

    Authors: Petronella Grootens-Wiegers, Irma M. Hein, Jos M. van den Broek and Martine C. de Vries

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:120

    Content type: Review

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  28. There is a high risk that young children who show early signs of mental health problems develop symptoms in the same or overlapping areas some years later. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is...

    Authors: Berit M. Gustafsson, Marie Proczkowska-Björklund and Per A. Gustafsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:110

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Prevalence estimates internationally suggest that many preschool-aged children (3–5 years) are insufficiently physically active and engage in high levels of screen-based entertainment. Early childhood is the d...

    Authors: Dylan P. Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart Vella, Steven J Howard, Megan A. Kelly, Douglas J. Angus, Ian M. Wright, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D. Okely and Marc de Rosnay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:95

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Social inclusion is a common focus of listening and spoken language (LSL) early intervention for children with hearing loss. This exploratory study compared the social inclusion of young children with hearing ...

    Authors: Gabriella Constantinescu-Sharpe, Rebecca L. Phillips, Aleisha Davis, Dimity Dornan and Anthony Hogan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:74

    Content type: Research article

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  31. There is a growing global acknowledgement that improving child survival rates is no longer sufficient. Emphasis is shifting to the improvement of health and developmental trajectories in early childhood. Scree...

    Authors: Alastair van Heerden, Celia Hsiao, Beatrice Matafwali, Julia Louw and Linda Richter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:55

    Content type: Research article

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  32. IQ deficits are linked to even mild obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children. Although OSA is commonly first diagnosed in the pre-school age group, a randomised trial is still needed to assess IQ outcomes af...

    Authors: Karen A. Waters, Jasneek Chawla, Margaret-Anne Harris, Carolyn Dakin, Helen Heussler, Robert Black, Alan Cheng, Hannah Burns, John D. Kennedy and Kurt Lushington

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:47

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. The Triple P parenting programme has been reported to improve child mental health at population level, but it consumes substantial resources. Previous published work has suggested improvements in whole populat...

    Authors: Louise Marryat, Lucy Thompson and Philip Wilson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:40

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:269

  34. Infant HIV infection is associated with delayed milestone attainment. The extent to which effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) prevents these delays is not well defined.

    Authors: Sarah Benki-Nugent, Dalton Wamalwa, Agnes Langat, Kenneth Tapia, Judith Adhiambo, Daisy Chebet, Helen Moraa Okinyi and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:24

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders observed in childhood and adolescence. Its key symptoms — reduced attention, poor control of impulses as well as incre...

    Authors: Valentin Benzing and Mirko Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. To create a self-reported, internet-based questionnaire for the assessment of suicide risk in children and adolescents.

    Authors: I. Flamarique, P. Santosh, A. Zuddas, C. Arango, D. Purper-Ouakil, P. J. Hoekstra, D. Coghill, U. Schulze, R. W. Dittmann, J. K. Buitelaar, K. Lievesley, R. Frongia, C. Llorente, I. Méndez, R. Sala, F. Fiori…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:213

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Father–child interactions are associated with improved developmental outcomes among infants. However, to the best of our knowledge, no study has addressed the effects of paternal involvement on the neurodevelo...

    Authors: Minjeong Kim, Su-Kyoung Kang, Bangsil Yee, So-Yeon Shim and Mira Chung

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:212

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Adolescents with chronic disease (CD) can be more vulnerable to adverse psychosocial outcomes. This study aims: 1) to identify differences in psychosocial variables (health-related quality of life, psychosomat...

    Authors: Teresa Santos, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Adilson Marques, Celeste Simões, Isabel Leal and Maria do Céu Machado

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:211

    Content type: Research article

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  39. As many preschoolers are not able to cooperate with health-related invasive procedures, sedation can help with the child’s comfort and allow the intervention to be done. It is scarcely known how parents affect...

    Authors: Daniella Miranda-Remijo, Mara Rúbia Orsini, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria and Luciane Rezende Costa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Recent findings has shown that late preterm births (gestational weeks 34–36) and early term births (gestational weeks 37–38) is associated with an increased risk of several psychological and developmental morb...

    Authors: Kim Stene-Larsen, Astri M. Lang, Markus A. Landolt, Beatrice Latal and Margarete E. Vollrath

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:196

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a significant childhood disorder and has a growing prevalence rate across the world. It has been identified in children from a wide range of racial groups, ethnicities and soc...

    Authors: Natalie K. Hutton, Carol Mitchell and Mary van der Riet

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:185

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The educational and cognitive differences associated with low socioeconomic status begin early in life and tend to persist throughout life. Coupled with the finding that levels of sedentary time are negatively...

    Authors: Rute Santos, Dylan P. Cliff, Steven J. Howard, Sanne L. Veldman, Ian M. Wright, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, João R. Pereira and Anthony D. Okely

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:182

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Second-generation antipsychotics are commonly prescribed for pediatric patients with schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders despite their lack of approval for use in children. Although considered a...

    Authors: Eric Druyts, Michael J. Zoratti, Kabirraaj Toor, Ping Wu, Salmaan Kanji, Kiran Rabheru, Edward J. Mills and Kristian Thorlund

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:181

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have life-long motor disorders, and they are typically subjected to extensive treatment throughout their childhood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence supporting the ef...

    Authors: Ann-Christin Eliasson, Linda Holmström, Päivikki Aarne, Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Ann-Louise Weiland, Lena Sjöstrand, Hans Forssberg, Kristina Tedroff and Kristina Löwing

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:175

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition, DSM-5) redefined the boundaries of autism as a spectrum. It has been reported that the number of schoolchildren with undiagnosed de...

    Authors: Ayako Ide-Okochi and Etsuko Tadaka

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:171

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Evidence for early intensive behavioural interventions (EIBI) by therapists as an effective treatment for children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is growing. High-intensity and sustained delivery of qu...

    Authors: Joanna Granich, Alena Dass, Margherita Busacca, Dennis Moore, Angelika Anderson, Svetha Venkatesh, Thi Duong, Pratibha Vellanki, Amanda Richdale, David Trembath, Darin Cairns, Wendy Marshall, Tania Rodwell, Madeleine Rayner and Andrew J. O. Whitehouse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:167

    Content type: Study protocol

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