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Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Page 4 of 5

  1. Positive-interaction parenting early in childhood is encouraged due to its association with behavioural development later in life. The objective of this study was to examine if the level of positive-interactio...

    Authors: Theresa H. M. Kim, Jennifer A. Connolly, Michael Rotondi and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:2

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Childhood overweight is a growing problem in industrialized countries. Parents play a major role in the development and the treatment of overweight in their children. A key factor here is the perception of the...

    Authors: Daniela Nemecek, Christian Sebelefsky, Astrid Woditschka and Peter Voitl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:212

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Understanding factors related to girls’ body image discrepancy, which is the difference between self-perceived current or actual and ideal body size, is important for addressing body-related issues and prevent...

    Authors: Lorraine B. Robbins, Jiying Ling and Kenneth Resnicow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:201

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Many children in the remote Fitzroy Valley region of Western Australia have prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Individuals with PAE can have neurodevelopmental impairments and be diagnosed with one of several ty...

    Authors: Robyn Doney, Barbara R. Lucas, Rochelle E. Watkins, Tracey W. Tsang, Kay Sauer, Peter Howat, Jane Latimer, James P. Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter and Elizabeth J. Elliott

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:193

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are frequently at risk of long-term impairments of attention and executive functioning but these problems are difficult to predict. Although deficits have been report...

    Authors: Amy A. Wilkinson, Maureen Dennis, Nevena Simic, Margot J. Taylor, Benjamin R. Morgan, Helena Frndova, Karen Choong, Craig Campbell, Douglas Fraser, Vicki Anderson, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Russell Schachar and Jamie Hutchison

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:173

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Negative peer experiences may lead adolescents with overweight and obesity to be less active and engage in more sitting-related behaviors. Our study is among the first to empirically test these associations an...

    Authors: Jodie A. Stearns, Valerie Carson, John C. Spence, Guy Faulkner and Scott T. Leatherdale

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:170

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Bullying and cyberbullying are common phenomena in schools. These negative behaviours can have a significant impact on the health and particularly mental health of those involved in such behaviours, both as vi...

    Authors: Leonardo Bevilacqua, Nichola Shackleton, Daniel Hale, Elizabeth Allen, Lyndal Bond, Deborah Christie, Diana Elbourne, Natasha Fitzgerald-Yau, Adam Fletcher, Rebecca Jones, Alec Miners, Stephen Scott, Meg Wiggins, Chris Bonell and Russell M. Viner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:160

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant h...

    Authors: Kelly H. M. Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C. Rovers and Carolina de Weerth

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:154

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Extant research has demonstrated that parenting behaviour can be a significant contributor to the development of brain structure and mental health during adolescence. Nonetheless, there is limited research exa...

    Authors: J.G. Simmons, O.S. Schwartz, K. Bray, C. Deane, E. Pozzi, S. Richmond, J. Smith, N. Vijayakumar, M.L. Byrne, M.L. Seal, M.B.H. Yap, N.B. Allen and S.L. Whittle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:153

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. This study examined the frequency of and differences in sedentary bouts of different durations and the total time spent in sedentary bouts on a weekday, a weekend day, during school hours, during after-school ...

    Authors: Maïté Verloigne, Nicola D. Ridgers, Mai Chinapaw, Teatske M. Altenburg, Elling Bere, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Greet Cardon, Johannes Brug and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:147

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Social protection interventions, including cash grants and care provision have been shown to effectively reduce some negative impacts of the HIV epidemic on adolescents and families. Less is known about the ro...

    Authors: Lorraine Sherr, Ana Macedo, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen and Lucie Dale Cluver

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:123

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Various international laws and guidelines stress the importance of respecting the developing autonomy of children and involving minors in decision-making regarding treatment and research participation. However...

    Authors: Petronella Grootens-Wiegers, Irma M. Hein, Jos M. van den Broek and Martine C. de Vries

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:120

    Content type: Review

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  13. There is a high risk that young children who show early signs of mental health problems develop symptoms in the same or overlapping areas some years later. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is...

    Authors: Berit M. Gustafsson, Marie Proczkowska-Björklund and Per A. Gustafsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:110

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Prevalence estimates internationally suggest that many preschool-aged children (3–5 years) are insufficiently physically active and engage in high levels of screen-based entertainment. Early childhood is the d...

    Authors: Dylan P. Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart Vella, Steven J Howard, Megan A. Kelly, Douglas J. Angus, Ian M. Wright, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D. Okely and Marc de Rosnay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:95

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Social inclusion is a common focus of listening and spoken language (LSL) early intervention for children with hearing loss. This exploratory study compared the social inclusion of young children with hearing ...

    Authors: Gabriella Constantinescu-Sharpe, Rebecca L. Phillips, Aleisha Davis, Dimity Dornan and Anthony Hogan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:74

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There is a growing global acknowledgement that improving child survival rates is no longer sufficient. Emphasis is shifting to the improvement of health and developmental trajectories in early childhood. Scree...

    Authors: Alastair van Heerden, Celia Hsiao, Beatrice Matafwali, Julia Louw and Linda Richter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:55

    Content type: Research article

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  17. IQ deficits are linked to even mild obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children. Although OSA is commonly first diagnosed in the pre-school age group, a randomised trial is still needed to assess IQ outcomes af...

    Authors: Karen A. Waters, Jasneek Chawla, Margaret-Anne Harris, Carolyn Dakin, Helen Heussler, Robert Black, Alan Cheng, Hannah Burns, John D. Kennedy and Kurt Lushington

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:47

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. The Triple P parenting programme has been reported to improve child mental health at population level, but it consumes substantial resources. Previous published work has suggested improvements in whole populat...

    Authors: Louise Marryat, Lucy Thompson and Philip Wilson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:40

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:269

  19. Infant HIV infection is associated with delayed milestone attainment. The extent to which effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) prevents these delays is not well defined.

    Authors: Sarah Benki-Nugent, Dalton Wamalwa, Agnes Langat, Kenneth Tapia, Judith Adhiambo, Daisy Chebet, Helen Moraa Okinyi and Grace John-Stewart

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:24

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders observed in childhood and adolescence. Its key symptoms — reduced attention, poor control of impulses as well as incre...

    Authors: Valentin Benzing and Mirko Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. To create a self-reported, internet-based questionnaire for the assessment of suicide risk in children and adolescents.

    Authors: I. Flamarique, P. Santosh, A. Zuddas, C. Arango, D. Purper-Ouakil, P. J. Hoekstra, D. Coghill, U. Schulze, R. W. Dittmann, J. K. Buitelaar, K. Lievesley, R. Frongia, C. Llorente, I. Méndez, R. Sala, F. Fiori…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:213

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Father–child interactions are associated with improved developmental outcomes among infants. However, to the best of our knowledge, no study has addressed the effects of paternal involvement on the neurodevelo...

    Authors: Minjeong Kim, Su-Kyoung Kang, Bangsil Yee, So-Yeon Shim and Mira Chung

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:212

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Adolescents with chronic disease (CD) can be more vulnerable to adverse psychosocial outcomes. This study aims: 1) to identify differences in psychosocial variables (health-related quality of life, psychosomat...

    Authors: Teresa Santos, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Adilson Marques, Celeste Simões, Isabel Leal and Maria do Céu Machado

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:211

    Content type: Research article

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  24. As many preschoolers are not able to cooperate with health-related invasive procedures, sedation can help with the child’s comfort and allow the intervention to be done. It is scarcely known how parents affect...

    Authors: Daniella Miranda-Remijo, Mara Rúbia Orsini, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria and Luciane Rezende Costa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Recent findings has shown that late preterm births (gestational weeks 34–36) and early term births (gestational weeks 37–38) is associated with an increased risk of several psychological and developmental morb...

    Authors: Kim Stene-Larsen, Astri M. Lang, Markus A. Landolt, Beatrice Latal and Margarete E. Vollrath

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:196

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a significant childhood disorder and has a growing prevalence rate across the world. It has been identified in children from a wide range of racial groups, ethnicities and soc...

    Authors: Natalie K. Hutton, Carol Mitchell and Mary van der Riet

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:185

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The educational and cognitive differences associated with low socioeconomic status begin early in life and tend to persist throughout life. Coupled with the finding that levels of sedentary time are negatively...

    Authors: Rute Santos, Dylan P. Cliff, Steven J. Howard, Sanne L. Veldman, Ian M. Wright, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, João R. Pereira and Anthony D. Okely

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:182

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. Second-generation antipsychotics are commonly prescribed for pediatric patients with schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders despite their lack of approval for use in children. Although considered a...

    Authors: Eric Druyts, Michael J. Zoratti, Kabirraaj Toor, Ping Wu, Salmaan Kanji, Kiran Rabheru, Edward J. Mills and Kristian Thorlund

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:181

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have life-long motor disorders, and they are typically subjected to extensive treatment throughout their childhood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence supporting the ef...

    Authors: Ann-Christin Eliasson, Linda Holmström, Päivikki Aarne, Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Ann-Louise Weiland, Lena Sjöstrand, Hans Forssberg, Kristina Tedroff and Kristina Löwing

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:175

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition, DSM-5) redefined the boundaries of autism as a spectrum. It has been reported that the number of schoolchildren with undiagnosed de...

    Authors: Ayako Ide-Okochi and Etsuko Tadaka

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:171

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Evidence for early intensive behavioural interventions (EIBI) by therapists as an effective treatment for children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is growing. High-intensity and sustained delivery of qu...

    Authors: Joanna Granich, Alena Dass, Margherita Busacca, Dennis Moore, Angelika Anderson, Svetha Venkatesh, Thi Duong, Pratibha Vellanki, Amanda Richdale, David Trembath, Darin Cairns, Wendy Marshall, Tania Rodwell, Madeleine Rayner and Andrew J. O. Whitehouse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:167

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  32. Type 1 diabetes is a serious, life-long condition which causes major health, social and economic burden for children, their families and the community. Diabetes management involves strict adherence to a comple...

    Authors: Aditi Lohan, Amy E. Mitchell, Ania Filus, Kate Sofronoff and Alina Morawska

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:158

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Young people with disabilities often lag behind their typically developing peers in the achievement of adult roles, which has been attributed to a lack of opportunities to develop critical life skills. Residen...

    Authors: Amy C. McPherson, Gillian King, Alanna Rudzik, Shauna Kingsnorth and Jan Willem Gorter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:153

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. The emerging field of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has brought about new interaction styles. Its excessive use may lead to addictive behaviours.

    Authors: Raquel Muñoz-Miralles, Raquel Ortega-González, M. Rosa López-Morón, Carme Batalla-Martínez, Josep María Manresa, Núria Montellà-Jordana, Andrés Chamarro, Xavier Carbonell and Pere Torán-Monserrat

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:140

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Internet addiction (IA) among adolescents has become a global health problem, and public awareness of it is increasing. Many IA risk factors relate to parents and the family environment. This study examined th...

    Authors: Cynthia Sau Ting Wu, Ho Ting Wong, Kin Fai Yu, Ka Wing Fok, Sheung Man Yeung, Cheuk Ho Lam and Ka Man Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:130

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Infants may be at neurodevelopmental risk from adverse events arising in the neonatal period. This study aimed to investigate the developmental outcomes and physical activity behaviours of term infants after n...

    Authors: Genevieve Mary Dwyer, Karen Walker, Louise Baur and Nadia Badawi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:123

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In Western countries, about a quarter of children are affected by parental separation and a number of authors have previously investigated how familial structure impacts children’s health. The purpose of the w...

    Authors: Nadine Kacenelenbogen, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, M. Schetgen, M. Roland and Isabelle Godin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:89

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The presence of an association between age at the onset of puberty and intelligence quotient (IQ) in young adolescents remains controversial. The aim of this study was to explore the association between age at...

    Authors: Pongsak Noipayak, Petch Rawdaree, Busaba Supawattanabodee and Sumonmal Manusirivitthaya

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:87

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The early environment is important for child development and wellbeing. Gene-by-environment studies investigating the impact of the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and the Brain De...

    Authors: Sara Agnafors, Gunilla Sydsjö, Erika Comasco, Marie Bladh, Lars Oreland and Carl Göran Svedin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:76

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The quality of the home learning environment has a significant influence on children’s language and communication skills during the early years with children from disadvantaged families disproportionately affe...

    Authors: Jan M. Nicholson, Warren Cann, Jan Matthews, Donna Berthelsen, Obioha C. Ukoumunne, Misel Trajanovska, Shannon K. Bennetts, Tessa Hillgrove, Victoria Hamilton, Elizabeth Westrupp and Naomi J. Hackworth

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:73

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. The “Watch Me Grow” (WMG) study examines the current developmental surveillance system in South West Sydney. This paper describes the establishment of the study birth cohort, including the recruitment processe...

    Authors: Susan Woolfenden, Valsamma Eapen, Emma Axelsson, Alexandra Hendry, Bin Jalaludin, Cheryl Dissanayake, Bronwyn Overs, Joseph Descallar, John Eastwood, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short, Deborah Beasley, Rudi Črnčec, Elisabeth Murphy and Katrina Williams

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:46

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Hospitalization is a stressful and threatening experience, which can be emotionally devastating to children. Hospital play interventions have been widely used to prepare children for invasive medical procedure...

    Authors: William H. C. Li, Joyce Oi Kwan Chung, Ka Yan Ho and Blondi Ming Chau Kwok

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:36

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Depression is often co-morbid with chronic conditions, and when combined with HIV it can increase progression and reduce survival. A brief and accurate screening tool for depression among children living with ...

    Authors: Agnes Binagwaho, Mary C. Smith Fawzi, Mawuena Agbonyitor, Sabin Nsanzimana, Corine Karema, Eric Remera, Vincent Mutabazi, Cyprien Shyirambere, Patrick Cyamatare, Cameron Nutt, Claire Wagner, Jeanine Condo, Nancy Misago and Yvonne Kayiteshonga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:29

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has a significant impact on child and adolescent development, especially in relation to school functioning and academic outcomes. Despite the transition to high ...

    Authors: Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah and Harriet Hiscock

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:20

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. Walking mechanics are influenced by body morphology. Foot arch height is one aspect of body morphology central to walking. However, generalizations about the relationship between arch height and walking are li...

    Authors: Simone V. Gill, Sara Keimig, Damian Kelty-Stephen, Ya-Ching Hung and Jeremy M. DeSilva

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: