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Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Gestational weight gain has been associated with some adverse perinatal outcomes, but few studies have examined the association between gestational weight gain and offspring’s cognition and their conclusions a...

    Authors: Jose Alberto Martínez-Hortelano, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Carlos Berlanga-Macías and Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:533

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with heterogeneous communication and other comorbid manifestations. While previous studies have characterized speech deficits associated with ...

    Authors: Catherine M. Stein, Penelope Benchek, Gabrielle Miller, Noémi B. Hall, Dhanya Menon, Lisa Freebairn, Jessica Tag, Jennell Vick, H. Gerry Taylor, Barbara A. Lewis and Sudha K. Iyengar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:519

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To develop and evaluate machine learning algorithms to ascertain attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) and learning disability (LD) using diagnostic codes in the medical record.

    Authors: Yu Shi, Phillip J. Schulte, Andrew C. Hanson, Michael J. Zaccariello, Danqing Hu, Sheri Crow, Randall P. Flick and David O. Warner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) is a modular instrument, designed to integrate generic and disease specific measures, and includes both self- and proxy-reports. The aim of the study was to ass...

    Authors: Peter Sand, Anna Nilsson Kleiberg, Marizela Kljajić and Birgitta Lannering

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:497

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Training volume is associated with direct and indirect pathways of bone adaptations. In addition, training volume is a training variable associated with lean soft tissue (LST), which has been shown to be an im...

    Authors: Pedro Henrique Narciso, André Oliveira Werneck, Rafael Luiz-de-Marco, Yuri da Silva Ventura Faustino-da-Silva, Santiago Maillane-Vanegas, Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete and Rômulo Araújo Fernandes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological problems among children. The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge and attitude among preschool staff in Shanghai regarding epilepsy.

    Authors: Liyan Qiu, Lixiao Shen, Junli Wang, Fang Ren, Mingyu Xu, Fan Jiang, Xiaoyang Sheng, Fei Li and Feng Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The implications of congenital Zika Virus (ZIKV) infections for pediatric neurodevelopment and behavior remain inadequately studied. The aim of this study is to investigate patterns of neurodevelopment and beh...

    Authors: Paula Fabiana Sobral da Silva, Sophie Helena Eickmann, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Ulisses Ramos Montarroyos, Marilia de Carvalho Lima, Celina M. Turchi Martelli, Thalia Velho Barreto de Araújo, Elizabeth B. Brickley, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Fabiana Cristina Lima da Silva Pastich Gonçalves, Maria Durce Costa Gomes Carvalho, Wayner Vieira de Souza and Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Effects of zinc with and without iron co-supplementation on child development are uncertain therefore the aims of this systematic review were to explore whether supplementation with zinc alone and zinc with ir...

    Authors: Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hesam Ghiasvand, Zahra Mosallanezhad and Shiva Fatollahierad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:451

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is becoming increasingly prevalent of late. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) has a significant role in folate metabolism. Owing to the inconsistencies and inconclusive...

    Authors: Yan Li, Shuang Qiu, Jikang Shi, Yanbo Guo, Zhijun Li, Yi Cheng and Yawen Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Biting objects was a parafunctional oral habit among children with special care needs. Chewing or biting toothbrushes could expedite the process of toothbrush wear. However, few studies evaluated the deteriora...

    Authors: Ni Zhou, Hai Ming Wong and Colman McGrath

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:443

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In order for infants and toddlers to meet recommended movement guidelines, their caregivers need to encourage play daily. This study used a qualitative approach to understand how mothers perceive and promote p...

    Authors: Alessandra Prioreschi, Stephanie Victoria Wrottesley, Wiedaad Slemming, Emmanuel Cohen and Shane Anthony Norris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:428

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To date, the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test is still the gold standard for precocious puberty (PP) diagnosis. However, it has many disadvantages, including low sensitivity, high cost, a...

    Authors: Su Wu, Yan Yang, Yujiao Wang, Qianqi Liu, Ziyang Zhu and Wei Gu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:425

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Pediatric critical care is often accompanied by a variety of functional impairments. Preliminary evidence suggests children’s participation in home activities has a slow trajectory post-pediatric intensive car...

    Authors: Jessica M. Jarvis, Nora Fayed, Ericka L. Fink, Karen Choong and Mary A. Khetani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:415

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Weight-related stigmatization is a widespread problem. Particularly the internalization of weight-related stereotypes and prejudices (weight bias internalization, WBI) is related to mental and physical health ...

    Authors: Michaela Silvia Gmeiner and Petra Warschburger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:408

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Internet may serve as a suitable environment for discriminated adolescents as they may consider the online space as the place where they have possibility to build social ties they are missing in their offl...

    Authors: Laura Bitto Urbanova, Jana Holubcikova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P. van Dijk and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Gross motor development curves for children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), grouped by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels, help health care professionals and parents to understand children’s m...

    Authors: Paula S. C. Chagas, Carolyne M. Drumond, Aline M. Toledo, Ana Carolina de Campos, Ana Cristina R. Camargos, Egmar Longo, Hércules R. Leite, Kênnea M. A. Ayupe, Rafaela S. Moreira, Rosane L. S. Morais, Robert J. Palisano and Peter Rosenbaum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:393

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Skiing and snowboarding are popular activities among Canadian youth and these sports have evolved to include certain risk behaviours such as listening to music, using terrain parks, and video recording yoursel...

    Authors: Kelly Russell, Stephanie Arthur, Claude Goulet, Erin Selci and Barbara Morrongiello

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:389

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The increase in the number of Internet users has increased Internet dependence worldwide. In adolescents, this dependence may interfere with sleep, which is important for the development of psychophysiological...

    Authors: Mikiko Tokiya, Osamu Itani, Yuichiro Otsuka and Yoshitaka Kaneita

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:379

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the validity and accuracy of the Willems, Demirjian and Nolla methods in predicting chronological age in a Spanish ethnicity population.

    Authors: Marta Macarena Paz Cortés, Rosa Rojo, Esther Alía García and Maria Rosa Mourelle Martínez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:361

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Young children with developmental disabilities and delays spend significant amounts of time at home, show decreased participation in home-based activities, and receive home-based early intervention services to...

    Authors: M. A. Khetani, B. M. McManus, E. C. Albrecht, V. C. Kaelin, J. K. Dooling-Litfin and E. A. Scully

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Mental health problems often arise in childhood and adolescence and can have detrimental effects on people’s quality of life (QoL). Therefore, it is of great importance for clinicians, policymakers and researc...

    Authors: Jochen O. Mierau, Daphne Kann-Weedage, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Lisan Spiegelaar, Danielle E. M. C. Jansen, Karin M. Vermeulen, Sijmen A. Reijneveld, Barbara J. van den Hoofdakker, Erik Buskens, M. Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Carmen D. Dirksen and Annabeth P. Groenman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Depression is one of the most prevalent mental health problems among adolescents. Mental health problems might be the result of child abuse considering that their prevalences are increasing simultaneously in I...

    Authors: Meita Dhamayanti, Anindita Noviandhari, Nina Masdiani, Veranita Pandia and Nanan Sekarwana

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:313

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Nocturnal enuresis (NE) has a negative impact on children’s health and imposes a long-term burden on families. With economic development and cultural improvements, parents and medical professionals pay more at...

    Authors: Hui-Mei Huang, Jing Wei, Shristi Sharma, Ying Bao, Fei Li, Jian-Wen Song, Hai-Bin Wu, Hong-Li Sun, Zhi-Juan Li, Huan-Nan Liu, Qian Wu and Hong-Li Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Existing literature shows that there is an inverse association between socioeconomic position and screen time among adolescents. What is less known is the mechanism behind these differences. The study aimed to...

    Authors: Mekdes K. Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Laura Terragni and Liv Elin Torheim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:279

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The study aimed to investigate if the behaviours suggestive of ADHD were more frequent in a population of children attending the Emergency Department (ED) for injuries, rather than for other causes.

    Authors: Ester Conversano, Alice Tassinari, Lorenzo Monasta, Aldo Skabar, Matteo Pavan, Alessandra Maestro, Egidio Barbi and Giorgio Cozzi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This study explored whether temperamentally inhibited children who experience early trauma are vulnerable to developing internalizing problems in the face of later life-stressors.

    Authors: Amy Brown, Joanna Bennet, Ronald M. Rapee, Dina R. Hirshfeld-Becker and Jordana K. Bayer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:264

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID) face many challenges. There is little evidence-based research into educational settings for children with ID and...

    Authors: Antoine Tanet, Annick Hubert-Barthelemy, Marie-Noëlle Clément, François Soumille, Graciela C. Crespin, Hugues Pellerin, François-André Allaert, David Cohen and Catherine Saint-Georges

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:263

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Sleep is especially important for infants, since it stimulates the development of neural connections in their brains. Psychological stress such as anxiety could affect sleep quality. This study investigated th...

    Authors: Maryam Montazeri, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Khalil Esmaeilpour, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi and Paria Amiri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder characterized by respiratory system abnormalities, including alveolar hypoventilation and autonomic nervous system dysregulation. CCHS is a...

    Authors: Kelly T. Macdonald, Ricardo A. Mosquera, Aravind Yadav, Maria C. Caldas-Vasquez, Hina Emanuel and Kimberly Rennie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:194

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with 8402 stable low birthweight (LBW) infants, majority being late preterm or term small for gestational age, community-initiated KMC (ciKMC) showed a significant improv...

    Authors: Sunita Taneja, Bireshwar Sinha, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sarmila Mazumder, Halvor Sommerfelt, Jose Martines, Suresh Kumar Dalpath, Rakesh Gupta, Patricia Kariger, Rajiv Bahl, Nita Bhandari and Tarun Dua

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  31. There is enough evidence to believe that young children’s social-emotional problems can have a long-term effect if extra support is not given early. Therefore, early identification of such problems and any dif...

    Authors: Masoud Vaezghasemi, Eva Eurenius, Anneli Ivarsson, Linda Richter Sundberg, Sven-Arne Silfverdal and Marie Lindkvist

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Between-person differences in sedentary patterns should be considered to understand the role of sedentary behavior (SB) in the development of childhood obesity. This study took a novel approach based on compos...

    Authors: Aleš Gába, Željko Pedišić, Nikola Štefelová, Jan Dygrýn, Karel Hron, Dorothea Dumuid and Mark Tremblay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS) identifies patients with acute onset of obsessive-compulsive and tic disorders. The objective of this...

    Authors: Lorenzo Loffredo, Alberto Spalice, Francesca Salvatori, Giovanna De Castro, Cristiana Alessia Guido, Anna Maria Zicari, Paolo Ciacci, Simona Battaglia, Giulia Brindisi, Evaristo Ettorre, Cristina Nocella, Guglielmo Salvatori, Marzia Duse, Francesco Violi and Roberto Carnevale

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Childhood is an important period for developing maturity in thinking. Accumulating evidence shows the association between physical activity and cognitive function. Although both the intelligence quotient and e...

    Authors: Nitita Piya-amornphan, Anoma Santiworakul, Salila Cetthakrikul and Phatcharawadee Srirug

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:118

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Self-regulation (SR), or the capacity to control one’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in order to achieve a desired goal, shapes health outcomes through many pathways, including supporting adherence to medi...

    Authors: Alison L. Miller, Sharon L. Lo, Dana Albright, Joyce M. Lee, Christine M. Hunter, Katherine W. Bauer, Rosalind King, Katy M. Clark, Kiren Chaudhry, Niko Kaciroti, Benjamin Katz and Emily M. Fredericks

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:112

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Early Intervention (EI) is a federally mandated, state-administered system of care for children with developmental delays and disabilities under the age of three. Gaps exist in the process of accessing EI thro...

    Authors: Beth M. McManus, Zachary Richardson, Margaret Schenkman, Natalie J. Murphy, Rachel M. Everhart, Simon Hambidge and Elaine Morrato

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  37. World Health Organisation (WHO) Guidelines on Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep for Children under 5 Years of Age were released in 2019. The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of Ch...

    Authors: Hongyan Guan, Zhiguang Zhang, Bo Wang, Anthony D. Okely, Meiling Tong, Jianxin Wu and Ting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The aim of this study was to review the effects of developmental care in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting on mental and motor development of preterm infants.

    Authors: Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Hesam Ghiasvand, Amin Shahrokhi, Nahid Rahmani and Shiva Fatollahierad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Speech sound disorder in childhood poses a barrier to academic and social participation, with potentially lifelong consequences for educational and occupational outcomes. While most speech errors resolve by th...

    Authors: Tara McAllister, Jonathan L. Preston, Elaine R. Hitchcock and Jennifer Hill

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:66

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Metformin is widely used in pregnancy to treat gestational diabetes mellitus and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Association between PCOS and developmental delay in offspring, and larger head circumference o...

    Authors: Hanne Klæboe Greger, Liv Guro Engen Hanem, Heidi Furre Østgård and Eszter Vanky

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Advances in the treatment of childhood brain tumors have significantly improved survival rates. With improved survival rates, long-term treatment-related toxicities have become important, and the resulting com...

    Authors: Hamidah Alias, Sasirekha Krisnan Morthy, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Zulaiha Muda and Azmi Mohd Tamil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

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  42. There is evidence that parents from more socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds engage in fewer verbal interactions with their child than more advantaged parents. This leads to the so-called, ‘30 million-...

    Authors: Mary E. Brushe, John W. Lynch, Sheena Reilly, Edward Melhuish and Sally A. Brinkman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

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  43. About 2000 children and adolescents under the age of 18 are diagnosed with cancer each year in Germany. Because of current medical treatment methods, a high survival rate can be reached for many types of the d...

    Authors: Julia Roick, Reinhard Berner, Toralf Bernig, Bernhard Erdlenbruch, Gabriele Escherich, Jörg Faber, Christoph Klein, Konrad Bochennek, Christian Kratz, Joachim Kühr, Alfred Längler, Holger N. Lode, Markus Metzler, Hermann Müller, Dirk Reinhardt, Axel Sauerbrey…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. There is considerable evidence that health systems, in so far as they ensure access to healthcare, promote population health even independent of other determinants. Access to child health services remains inte...

    Authors: Edgar Arnold Lungu, Catherine Darker and Regien Biesma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Most Australian Aboriginal children are on track with their development, however, the prevalence of children at risk of or with a developmental or behavioural problem is higher than in other children. Aborigin...

    Authors: Shingisai Chando, Jonathan C. Craig, Leonie Burgess, Simone Sherriff, Alison Purcell, Hasantha Gunasekera, Sandra Banks, Natalie Smith, Emily Banks and Sue Woolfenden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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