Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Early Intervention (EI) is a federally mandated, state-administered system of care for children with developmental delays and disabilities under the age of three. Gaps exist in the process of accessing EI thro...

    Authors: Beth M. McManus, Zachary Richardson, Margaret Schenkman, Natalie J. Murphy, Rachel M. Everhart, Simon Hambidge and Elaine Morrato

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. World Health Organisation (WHO) Guidelines on Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep for Children under 5 Years of Age were released in 2019. The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of Ch...

    Authors: Hongyan Guan, Zhiguang Zhang, Bo Wang, Anthony D. Okely, Meiling Tong, Jianxin Wu and Ting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. The aim of this study was to review the effects of developmental care in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting on mental and motor development of preterm infants.

    Authors: Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Hesam Ghiasvand, Amin Shahrokhi, Nahid Rahmani and Shiva Fatollahierad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Speech sound disorder in childhood poses a barrier to academic and social participation, with potentially lifelong consequences for educational and occupational outcomes. While most speech errors resolve by th...

    Authors: Tara McAllister, Jonathan L. Preston, Elaine R. Hitchcock and Jennifer Hill

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:66

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  5. Metformin is widely used in pregnancy to treat gestational diabetes mellitus and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Association between PCOS and developmental delay in offspring, and larger head circumference o...

    Authors: Hanne Klæboe Greger, Liv Guro Engen Hanem, Heidi Furre Østgård and Eszter Vanky

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Advances in the treatment of childhood brain tumors have significantly improved survival rates. With improved survival rates, long-term treatment-related toxicities have become important, and the resulting com...

    Authors: Hamidah Alias, Sasirekha Krisnan Morthy, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Zulaiha Muda and Azmi Mohd Tamil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. There is evidence that parents from more socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds engage in fewer verbal interactions with their child than more advantaged parents. This leads to the so-called, ‘30 million-...

    Authors: Mary E. Brushe, John W. Lynch, Sheena Reilly, Edward Melhuish and Sally A. Brinkman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. About 2000 children and adolescents under the age of 18 are diagnosed with cancer each year in Germany. Because of current medical treatment methods, a high survival rate can be reached for many types of the d...

    Authors: Julia Roick, Reinhard Berner, Toralf Bernig, Bernhard Erdlenbruch, Gabriele Escherich, Jörg Faber, Christoph Klein, Konrad Bochennek, Christian Kratz, Joachim Kühr, Alfred Längler, Holger N. Lode, Markus Metzler, Hermann Müller, Dirk Reinhardt, Axel Sauerbrey…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:48

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  9. There is considerable evidence that health systems, in so far as they ensure access to healthcare, promote population health even independent of other determinants. Access to child health services remains inte...

    Authors: Edgar Arnold Lungu, Catherine Darker and Regien Biesma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Most Australian Aboriginal children are on track with their development, however, the prevalence of children at risk of or with a developmental or behavioural problem is higher than in other children. Aborigin...

    Authors: Shingisai Chando, Jonathan C. Craig, Leonie Burgess, Simone Sherriff, Alison Purcell, Hasantha Gunasekera, Sandra Banks, Natalie Smith, Emily Banks and Sue Woolfenden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Cerebral palsy (CP) is frequently associated with specific cognitive impairments, such as executive dysfunction which are related to participation and quality of life (QOL). The proposed study will examine whe...

    Authors: María García-Galant, Montse Blasco, Lee Reid, Kerstin Pannek, David Leiva, Olga Laporta-Hoyos, Júlia Ballester-Plané, Júlia Miralbell, Xavi Caldú, Xènia Alonso, Esther Toro-Tamargo, Mar Meléndez-Plumed, Francisca Gimeno, Marc Coronas, Emili Soro-Camats, Roslyn Boyd…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:9

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  12. In developed economies, obesity prevalence is high within children from some culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. This study aims to identify whether CALD groups in Victoria, Australia, ar...

    Authors: Breanna Scott, Kristy A. Bolton, Claudia Strugnell, Steven Allender and Jennifer Marks

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:511

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Increasing studies have focused on motor function/dysfunction in PICU survivors; however, most studies have focused on adults and older children. This study investigated gross motor developmental function outc...

    Authors: Chun-Feng Yang, Yang Xue, Jun-Yan Feng, Fei-Yong Jia, Yu Zhang and Yu-Mei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:508

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Maternal obesity and high gestational weight gain (GWG) disproportionally affect low-income populations and may be associated with child neurodevelopment in a sex-specific manner. We examined sex-specific asso...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Widen, Amy R. Nichols, Linda G. Kahn, Pam Factor-Litvak, Beverly J. Insel, Lori Hoepner, Sara M. Dube, Virginia Rauh, Frederica Perera and Andrew Rundle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:507

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a highly prevalent lifelong disorder with high rates of comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders. Individuals with FASD are often exposed to abuse, neglect and foster hom...

    Authors: Cassondra Kambeitz, Marilyn G. Klug, Jacob Greenmyer, Svetlana Popova and Larry Burd

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:498

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Handwriting difficulties are common in children with attention deficient hyperactive disorder (ADHD). The aim of our study was to find distinctive characteristics of handwriting in children with ADHD by using ...

    Authors: Rony Cohen, Batia Cohen-Kroitoru, Ayelet Halevy, Sharon Aharoni, Irena Aizenberg and Avinoam Shuper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:484

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Allergic diseases, such as asthma, dermatitis, rhinitis, and eczema, are highly prevalent in Chinese school children. Environmental factors, including air pollution and automobile exhaust, play an important ro...

    Authors: Bolan Yu, Lijuan Dai, Juanjuan Chen, Wen Sun, Jingsi Chen, Lili Du, Nali Deng and Dunjin Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:479

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Family dissolution has become more common and one third of the child population in most Western countries now experience family dissolution. Studies show that children from dissolved families have lower levels...

    Authors: Line Lund Laursen, Kathrine Bang Madsen, Carsten Obel and Lena Hohwü

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:449

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. The fourth year of the Sustainable Development Agenda era calls for countries to continue to invest not only in interventions and policies that will promote global equity and sustainability, but also in the mo...

    Authors: Alanna Sincovich, Tess Gregory, Cristian Zanon, Daniel D. Santos, John Lynch and Sally A. Brinkman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:471

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Gastrointestinal (GI) problems are one of the most frequent comorbidities in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but can be under-recognized due to the concomitant communication difficulties of this population. Acc...

    Authors: Margherita Prosperi, Elisa Santocchi, Filippo Muratori, Chiara Narducci, Sara Calderoni, Raffaella Tancredi, Maria Aurora Morales and Letizia Guiducci

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:466

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Communication, behavioural, and executive function problems often co-occur in childhood. Previous attempts to identify the origins of these comorbidities have typically relied on comparisons of different defic...

    Authors: Silvana Mareva and Joni Holmes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:452

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. The objective of this study was to summarize clinical features and PRRT2 mutations of paediatric paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) patients and observe the tolerability and effects of morning draughts of ox...

    Authors: Gang Pan, Linmei Zhang and Shuizhen Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:439

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Prenatal and postnatal depressive symptoms are common in expectant and new mothers and fathers. This study examined the association between four patterns of probable perinatal depression (mother depressed, fat...

    Authors: Nicole Letourneau, Brenda Leung, Henry Ntanda, Deborah Dewey, Andrea J. Deane and Gerald F. Giesbrecht

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:435

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Trunk control is generally considered to be related to gross motor development. However, this assumption has not been validated with clinical data. This pilot study was the first of its kind to examine the lon...

    Authors: Tamis W. Pin, Penelope B. Butler, Hon-Ming Cheung and Sandra Lai-Fong Shum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:425

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Professional support in pediatric and rehabilitation care environments has been recommended as a means to build youth competence in life skills during their transition to adulthood. Life skills are the essenti...

    Authors: Shauna Kingsnorth, Alanna E. F. Rudzik, Gillian King and Amy C. McPherson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:413

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common vasculitis of childhood in East Asia. The complications of KD ascribed to long-term cardiovascular sequelae are considerably diverse. Although studies have investigated neurod...

    Authors: Chien-Heng Lin, Wei-De Lin, I-Ching Chou, Inn-Chi Lee and Syuan-Yu Hong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:406

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Current use of smartphone cameras by parents create opportunities for longitudinal home-video-assessments to monitor infant development. We developed and validated a home-video method for parents, enabling Ped...

    Authors: M. Boonzaaijer, F. van Wesel, J. Nuysink, M. J. M. Volman and M. J. Jongmans

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:392

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. While the keeping of pets has been shown to protect against childhood allergic disease and obesity, less is known regarding potential associations of prenatal pet keeping and attention deficit hyperactivity di...

    Authors: Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow, Alexandra R. Sitarik, Tisa M. Johnson-Hooper, Jannel M. Phillips, Kyra Jones, Christine Cole Johnson and Jennifer K. Straughen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:390

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Neurodevelopmental disability (NDD) is increasingly acknowledged as one of the important causes of disease burden in low income countries. None the less, there is a dearth of data on the burden of NDD and its ...

    Authors: Gertrude Namazzi, Helena Hildenwall, Paul Mubiri, Claudia Hanson, Christine Nalwadda, Margaret Nampijja, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Peter Waiswa and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:379

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic metabolic condition requiring intensive daily self-care to avoid both high and low blood glucose levels. Self-care and glycemic outcomes are particularly problematic in adole...

    Authors: Giesje Nefs, Linh Nguyen, Per Winterdijk, Esther Hartman, Theo Sas, Roos Nuboer, Ineke De Kruijff, Willie Bakker-van Waarde, Henk-Jan Aanstoot and Frans Pouwer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:377

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. The revised 2015 Canadian Guidelines requires a more specific prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) threshold for a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) diagnosis. The unintended consequences of adhering to the su...

    Authors: Susan Petryk, Muhammad A. Siddiqui, Juliet Ekeh and Mamata Pandey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:372

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Hydroxyurea (HU) is recommended as standard practice for youth with sickle cell disease (SCD). Yet, despite its efficacy, HU adherence in adolescents and young adults is often poor. Poor medication adherence i...

    Authors: Arlene Smaldone, Deepa Manwani, Banu Aygun, Kim Smith-Whitley, Haomiao Jia, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Sally Findley, Joshua Massei and Nancy S. Green

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:354

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) have been widely reported as a major group of gastrointestinal disorders across the world. This study describes the prevalence, related factors, symptomatology and it...

    Authors: Hanifah Oswari, Fatima Safira Alatas, Badriul Hegar, William Cheng, Arnesya Pramadyani, Marc Alexander Benninga and Shaman Rajindrajith

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:342

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Since iron plays an important role in several physiological processes, its deficiency but also overload may harm the development of children. The aim was to assess the effect of iron–fortified milk on the iron...

    Authors: Lucía Iglesias Vázquez, Josefa Canals, Núria Voltas, Cristina Jardí, Carmen Hernández, Cristina Bedmar, Joaquín Escribano, Núria Aranda, Rosa Jiménez, Josep Maria Barroso, Blanca Ribot and Victoria Arija

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:315

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Earlier age of menarche has been associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases during adulthood, but whether early menarche has intergenerational effect is not clear.

    Authors: Hui Wang, Yunting Zhang, Ying Tian, Fei Li, Chonghui Yan, Hui Wang, Zhongchen Luo, Fan Jiang and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:312

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Hypertension in children and adolescents is on the rise worldwide, especially in China. The prevalence of hypertension is related to many factors, such as obesity. In the era of smart phones, it is important t...

    Authors: Yunfei Zou, Ning Xia, Yunqing Zou, Zhen Chen and Yufeng Wen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:310

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The role of the father as a co-caregiver is becoming increasingly important across cultures. Parental psychological distress is an influencing factor of maladaptive parenting behaviors and negative psychosocia...

    Authors: Hyeon Sik Chu and Hanyi Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:308

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Parenting children with special health care needs can be challenging particularly if children have complex conditions. Parents may struggle to manage their child’s health and their own emotions, contributing t...

    Authors: Sally Bradshaw, Danai Bem, Karen Shaw, Beck Taylor, Christopher Chiswell, Mary Salama, Eve Bassett, Geetinder Kaur and Carole Cummins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:301

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Pacifier sucking habit has been associated in the literature with alterations of dental occlusion, and it could be a predisposing factor for other poor oral habits among children. Orthodontic pacifiers have be...

    Authors: Silvia Caruso, Alessandro Nota, Atanaz Darvizeh, Marco Severino, Roberto Gatto and Simona Tecco

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:294

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Although infant media exposure has received attention for its implications on child development, upstream risk factors contributing to media exposure have rarely been explored. The study aim was to examine the...

    Authors: Ramkumar Aishworiya, Shirong Cai, Helen Y. Chen, Desiree Y. Phua, Birit F. P. Broekman, Lourdes Mary Daniel, Yap Seng Chong, Lynette P. Shek, Fabian Yap, Shiao-Yng Chan, Michael J. Meaney and Evelyn C. Law

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:286

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. The article by Marryat, Thompson and Wilson (2017) in BMC Pediatrics presents an evaluation of the implementation of the Triple P system as a public health intervention conducted by the Glasgow City Council and N...

    Authors: Matthew R. Sanders, Linda de Caestecker, Stephen McLeod, Jamin J. Day, Karen M. T. Turner, Alina Morawska and James Kirby

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:269

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:355

  42. Behavioural problems and psychopathology can present from as early as the preschool period. However there is evidence that behavioural difficulties may not be stable over this period. Therefore, the current st...

    Authors: Stephanie D’Souza, Lisa Underwood, Elizabeth R. Peterson, Susan M. B. Morton and Karen E. Waldie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:259

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The microbial population of the human gut (the gut microbiome) is an integral cog in the bidirectional communication axis that exists between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system. African ...

    Authors: Patricia A. Brennan, Anne L. Dunlop, Alicia K. Smith, Michael Kramer, Jennifer Mulle and Elizabeth J. Corwin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:246

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. Hypertension (AH) is an emerging disease that has rapidly increased in the last decades throughout the world. The increase in blood pressure (BP) is observed with growth and development and, although the manif...

    Authors: Fernando Rodrigues Peixoto Quaresma, Erika da Silva Maciel, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo and Fernando Adami

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:244

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Adolescence is a critical phase of human development that lays the foundation for health in later life. Of the 1.8 billion adolescents in the world, roughly 90% live in low and middle-income countries. Yet mos...

    Authors: Sara K. Hanson, Richard J. Munthali, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Felipe Lobelo, Solveig A. Cunningham, Terryl J. Hartman, Shane A. Norris and Aryeh D. Stein

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Parents of children with chronic illness have reported decreased psychological and physical quality of life (QoL) relative to parents of children without such illness, which may be associated with the extent o...

    Authors: Alana Fairfax, Jamie Brehaut, Ian Colman, Lindsey Sikora, Alessia Kazakova, Pranesh Chakraborty and Beth K. Potter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: