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Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 4

  1. The objective of this study was to summarize clinical features and PRRT2 mutations of paediatric paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) patients and observe the tolerability and effects of morning draughts of ox...

    Authors: Gang Pan, Linmei Zhang and Shuizhen Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:439

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Prenatal and postnatal depressive symptoms are common in expectant and new mothers and fathers. This study examined the association between four patterns of probable perinatal depression (mother depressed, fat...

    Authors: Nicole Letourneau, Brenda Leung, Henry Ntanda, Deborah Dewey, Andrea J. Deane and Gerald F. Giesbrecht

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:435

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Trunk control is generally considered to be related to gross motor development. However, this assumption has not been validated with clinical data. This pilot study was the first of its kind to examine the lon...

    Authors: Tamis W. Pin, Penelope B. Butler, Hon-Ming Cheung and Sandra Lai-Fong Shum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:425

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Professional support in pediatric and rehabilitation care environments has been recommended as a means to build youth competence in life skills during their transition to adulthood. Life skills are the essenti...

    Authors: Shauna Kingsnorth, Alanna E. F. Rudzik, Gillian King and Amy C. McPherson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:413

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common vasculitis of childhood in East Asia. The complications of KD ascribed to long-term cardiovascular sequelae are considerably diverse. Although studies have investigated neurod...

    Authors: Chien-Heng Lin, Wei-De Lin, I-Ching Chou, Inn-Chi Lee and Syuan-Yu Hong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:406

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Current use of smartphone cameras by parents create opportunities for longitudinal home-video-assessments to monitor infant development. We developed and validated a home-video method for parents, enabling Ped...

    Authors: M. Boonzaaijer, F. van Wesel, J. Nuysink, M. J. M. Volman and M. J. Jongmans

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:392

    Content type: Research article

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  7. While the keeping of pets has been shown to protect against childhood allergic disease and obesity, less is known regarding potential associations of prenatal pet keeping and attention deficit hyperactivity di...

    Authors: Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow, Alexandra R. Sitarik, Tisa M. Johnson-Hooper, Jannel M. Phillips, Kyra Jones, Christine Cole Johnson and Jennifer K. Straughen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:390

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Neurodevelopmental disability (NDD) is increasingly acknowledged as one of the important causes of disease burden in low income countries. None the less, there is a dearth of data on the burden of NDD and its ...

    Authors: Gertrude Namazzi, Helena Hildenwall, Paul Mubiri, Claudia Hanson, Christine Nalwadda, Margaret Nampijja, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Peter Waiswa and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:379

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic metabolic condition requiring intensive daily self-care to avoid both high and low blood glucose levels. Self-care and glycemic outcomes are particularly problematic in adole...

    Authors: Giesje Nefs, Linh Nguyen, Per Winterdijk, Esther Hartman, Theo Sas, Roos Nuboer, Ineke De Kruijff, Willie Bakker-van Waarde, Henk-Jan Aanstoot and Frans Pouwer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:377

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. The revised 2015 Canadian Guidelines requires a more specific prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) threshold for a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) diagnosis. The unintended consequences of adhering to the su...

    Authors: Susan Petryk, Muhammad A. Siddiqui, Juliet Ekeh and Mamata Pandey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:372

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Hydroxyurea (HU) is recommended as standard practice for youth with sickle cell disease (SCD). Yet, despite its efficacy, HU adherence in adolescents and young adults is often poor. Poor medication adherence i...

    Authors: Arlene Smaldone, Deepa Manwani, Banu Aygun, Kim Smith-Whitley, Haomiao Jia, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Sally Findley, Joshua Massei and Nancy S. Green

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:354

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) have been widely reported as a major group of gastrointestinal disorders across the world. This study describes the prevalence, related factors, symptomatology and it...

    Authors: Hanifah Oswari, Fatima Safira Alatas, Badriul Hegar, William Cheng, Arnesya Pramadyani, Marc Alexander Benninga and Shaman Rajindrajith

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:342

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Since iron plays an important role in several physiological processes, its deficiency but also overload may harm the development of children. The aim was to assess the effect of iron–fortified milk on the iron...

    Authors: Lucía Iglesias Vázquez, Josefa Canals, Núria Voltas, Cristina Jardí, Carmen Hernández, Cristina Bedmar, Joaquín Escribano, Núria Aranda, Rosa Jiménez, Josep Maria Barroso, Blanca Ribot and Victoria Arija

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:315

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Earlier age of menarche has been associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases during adulthood, but whether early menarche has intergenerational effect is not clear.

    Authors: Hui Wang, Yunting Zhang, Ying Tian, Fei Li, Chonghui Yan, Hui Wang, Zhongchen Luo, Fan Jiang and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:312

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Hypertension in children and adolescents is on the rise worldwide, especially in China. The prevalence of hypertension is related to many factors, such as obesity. In the era of smart phones, it is important t...

    Authors: Yunfei Zou, Ning Xia, Yunqing Zou, Zhen Chen and Yufeng Wen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:310

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The role of the father as a co-caregiver is becoming increasingly important across cultures. Parental psychological distress is an influencing factor of maladaptive parenting behaviors and negative psychosocia...

    Authors: Hyeon Sik Chu and Hanyi Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:308

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Parenting children with special health care needs can be challenging particularly if children have complex conditions. Parents may struggle to manage their child’s health and their own emotions, contributing t...

    Authors: Sally Bradshaw, Danai Bem, Karen Shaw, Beck Taylor, Christopher Chiswell, Mary Salama, Eve Bassett, Geetinder Kaur and Carole Cummins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:301

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Pacifier sucking habit has been associated in the literature with alterations of dental occlusion, and it could be a predisposing factor for other poor oral habits among children. Orthodontic pacifiers have be...

    Authors: Silvia Caruso, Alessandro Nota, Atanaz Darvizeh, Marco Severino, Roberto Gatto and Simona Tecco

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:294

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Although infant media exposure has received attention for its implications on child development, upstream risk factors contributing to media exposure have rarely been explored. The study aim was to examine the...

    Authors: Ramkumar Aishworiya, Shirong Cai, Helen Y. Chen, Desiree Y. Phua, Birit F. P. Broekman, Lourdes Mary Daniel, Yap Seng Chong, Lynette P. Shek, Fabian Yap, Shiao-Yng Chan, Michael J. Meaney and Evelyn C. Law

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:286

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. The article by Marryat, Thompson and Wilson (2017) in BMC Pediatrics presents an evaluation of the implementation of the Triple P system as a public health intervention conducted by the Glasgow City Council and N...

    Authors: Matthew R. Sanders, Linda de Caestecker, Stephen McLeod, Jamin J. Day, Karen M. T. Turner, Alina Morawska and James Kirby

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:269

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:355

  21. Behavioural problems and psychopathology can present from as early as the preschool period. However there is evidence that behavioural difficulties may not be stable over this period. Therefore, the current st...

    Authors: Stephanie D’Souza, Lisa Underwood, Elizabeth R. Peterson, Susan M. B. Morton and Karen E. Waldie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:259

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The microbial population of the human gut (the gut microbiome) is an integral cog in the bidirectional communication axis that exists between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system. African ...

    Authors: Patricia A. Brennan, Anne L. Dunlop, Alicia K. Smith, Michael Kramer, Jennifer Mulle and Elizabeth J. Corwin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:246

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  23. Hypertension (AH) is an emerging disease that has rapidly increased in the last decades throughout the world. The increase in blood pressure (BP) is observed with growth and development and, although the manif...

    Authors: Fernando Rodrigues Peixoto Quaresma, Erika da Silva Maciel, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo and Fernando Adami

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:244

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Adolescence is a critical phase of human development that lays the foundation for health in later life. Of the 1.8 billion adolescents in the world, roughly 90% live in low and middle-income countries. Yet mos...

    Authors: Sara K. Hanson, Richard J. Munthali, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Felipe Lobelo, Solveig A. Cunningham, Terryl J. Hartman, Shane A. Norris and Aryeh D. Stein

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Parents of children with chronic illness have reported decreased psychological and physical quality of life (QoL) relative to parents of children without such illness, which may be associated with the extent o...

    Authors: Alana Fairfax, Jamie Brehaut, Ian Colman, Lindsey Sikora, Alessia Kazakova, Pranesh Chakraborty and Beth K. Potter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The aim of this study was to investigate attitudes towards embryo donation and embryo donation families among professionals working in primary child healthcare, and their experiences of these families.

    Authors: Gabriela Armuand, Gunilla Sydsjö, Agneta Skoog Svanberg and Claudia Lampic

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:209

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To evaluate the accuracy of motor assessment tools listed in Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a guideline for diagnosis across the lifespan (Canadian Guideline) for the purpose of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder ...

    Authors: Danielle Johnston, Erin Branton, Leah Rasmuson, Sylvia Schell, Douglas P. Gross and Lesley Pritchard-Wiart

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Maternal alcohol consumption in pregnancy may have adverse effects on child gross motor (GM) development. There have been few human studies on this topic, particularly ones examining low exposure. This study e...

    Authors: Delyse Hutchinson, George J. Youssef, Clare McCormack, Judy Wilson, Steve Allsop, Jake Najman, Elizabeth Elliott, Lucinda Burns, Sue Jacobs, Ingrid Honan, Larissa Rossen, Hannah Fiedler, Samantha Teague, Joanne Ryan, Craig A. Olsson and Richard P. Mattick

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:149

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:222

  29. Children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS are more likely to have emotional and behavioral problems than the general population. This can result in a continuing negative influence on the quality of life, school p...

    Authors: Demewoz Kefale, Abdisa Boka, Zureyash Mengstu, Zelalem Belayneh and Shegaw Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Obesity and caries in young people are issues of public health concern. Even though research into the relationship between the two conditions has been conducted for many years, to date the results remain equiv...

    Authors: Martha Paisi, Elizabeth Kay, Cathy Bennett, Irene Kaimi, Robert Witton, Robert Nelder and Debra Lapthorne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:122

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. In different ethnic groups, birth related factors have shown significant influence in the etiology of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Based on these interesting findings, we aimed to investiga...

    Authors: Subhamita Maitra and Kanchan Mukhopadhyay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:117

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Current evidence on the health effects of passive smoking on childhood blood pressure is limited and inconsistent. We investigated the associations between exposure to parental smoking and blood pressure in ch...

    Authors: Zilong Zhang, Jun Ma, Zhenghe Wang, Yanhui Dong, Zhaogeng Yang, Bin Dong and Yinghua Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. In low-resource settings, the lack of mental health professionals and cross-culturally validated screening instruments complicates mental health care delivery. This is especially the case for very young childr...

    Authors: Fabienne Nackers, Thomas Roederer, Caroline Marquer, Scholastic Ashaba, Samuel Maling, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, Sothara Muny, Chea Sokeo, Vireak Shom, Maria Palha, Pauline Lefèbvre, Beatrice W. Kirubi, Grace Kamidigo, Bruno Falissard, Marie-Rose Moro and Rebecca F. Grais

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:108

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The present study was the first one aimed to investigate the current muscle fitness and its associated factors among children and adolescents in mainland China.

    Authors: Huijing He, Li Pan, Jianwei Du, Feng Liu, Yuming Jin, Jingang Ma, Li Wang, Pengben Jia, Zhiping Hu and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:101

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The present study investigates whether sensation seeking in pre-school-age children is associated with age, gender and socio-economic status, and how sensation seeking relates to behavioural difficulties.

    Authors: Myriam Haas, Andreas Hiemisch, Mandy Vogel, Oleg Wagner, Wieland Kiess and Tanja Poulain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The effects of prenatal maternal smoking have been studied extensively, however little research has examined the effects of prenatal exposure to maternal smoking on offspring sleep, particularly over several d...

    Authors: Frances O’Callaghan, Michael O’Callaghan, James G. Scott, Jake Najman and Abdullah Al Mamun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:70

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The global incidence of overweight and obesity has increased dramatically among children and adolescents over the past decades. Insufficient sleep duration and physical inactivity are known risk factors for ov...

    Authors: Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Jens Dreyhaupt, Sarah Kettner and Jürgen M. Steinacker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:54

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Excessive and inappropriate antimicrobial use in the community is one risk factor that can result in the spread of antimicrobial resistance. Upper respiratory tract infections are most frequently reported amon...

    Authors: Hani Saleh Faidah, Abdul Haseeb, Majd Yousuf Lamfon, Malak Mohammad Almatrafi, Imtinan Abdullah Almasoudi, Ejaz Cheema, Waleed Hassan Almalki, Mahmoud E Elrggal, Mahmoud M.A. Mohamed, Fahad Saleem, Manal Mansour Al-Gethamy, Beenish Pervaiz, Tahir Mehmood Khan and Mohamed Azmi Hassali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:46

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Data on the prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and direct self-injurious behavior in adolescents with a migration background are scarce. There are hints that this population is at risk. The aim...

    Authors: Carolin Donath, Marie Christine Bergmann, Sören Kliem, Thomas Hillemacher and Dirk Baier

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:45

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The data about quality of care of more than 70 countries were available from UNICEF but little was known about China. We examined the status about quality of care and explored its associations with development...

    Authors: Chenlu Yang, Xiaoli Liu, Yuning Yang, Xiaona Huang, Qiying Song, Yan Wang and Hong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:41

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. South Asia contributes substantially to global low birth weight population (i.e. those with birth weight < 2500 g). Synthesized evidence is lacking on magnitude of cognitive and motor deficits in low birth wei...

    Authors: Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Gitismita Naik, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Ranadip Chowdhury, Sunita Taneja, Nita Bhandari, Jose Carlos Martines, Rajiv Bahl and Maharaj Kishan Bhan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. A substantial proportion of the school-age population experience cognitive-related learning difficulties. Not all children who struggle at school receive a diagnosis, yet their problems are sufficient to warra...

    Authors: Joni Holmes, Annie Bryant and Susan Elizabeth Gathercole

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:10

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  43. Early childhood educators greatly influence young children’s physical activity and screen-viewing behaviours in childcare. However, educators have requested additional training in physical activity programming...

    Authors: Brianne A. Bruijns, Kristi B. Adamo, Shauna M. Burke, Valerie Carson, Jennifer D. Irwin, Patti-Jean Naylor, Brian W. Timmons, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Patricia Tucker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. There is growing scientific evidence supports a link between increased childhood adiposity and early onset of puberty in girls worldwide in recent decades. However, the data from Chinese girls remain ambiguous...

    Authors: Qiguo Lian, Yanyan Mao, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Xiayun Zuo, Chaohua Lou and Weijin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Substance use and abuse by young adolescents has become a serious issue for public health services, and several socio-environmental factors can influence how vulnerable a young adolescent may be to their appea...

    Authors: Alessandra Buja, Luigi Gallimberti, Sonia Chindamo, Camilla Lion, Alberto Terraneo, Michele Rivera, Elena Marini, Luis Javier Gomez-Perez, Emanuele Scafato and Vincenzo Baldo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:367

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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