Skip to main content

Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Young children with developmental disabilities and delays spend significant amounts of time at home, show decreased participation in home-based activities, and receive home-based early intervention services to...

    Authors: M. A. Khetani, B. M. McManus, E. C. Albrecht, V. C. Kaelin, J. K. Dooling-Litfin and E. A. Scully

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Mental health problems often arise in childhood and adolescence and can have detrimental effects on people’s quality of life (QoL). Therefore, it is of great importance for clinicians, policymakers and researc...

    Authors: Jochen O. Mierau, Daphne Kann-Weedage, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Lisan Spiegelaar, Danielle E. M. C. Jansen, Karin M. Vermeulen, Sijmen A. Reijneveld, Barbara J. van den Hoofdakker, Erik Buskens, M. Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Carmen D. Dirksen and Annabeth P. Groenman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Depression is one of the most prevalent mental health problems among adolescents. Mental health problems might be the result of child abuse considering that their prevalences are increasing simultaneously in I...

    Authors: Meita Dhamayanti, Anindita Noviandhari, Nina Masdiani, Veranita Pandia and Nanan Sekarwana

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:313

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Nocturnal enuresis (NE) has a negative impact on children’s health and imposes a long-term burden on families. With economic development and cultural improvements, parents and medical professionals pay more at...

    Authors: Hui-Mei Huang, Jing Wei, Shristi Sharma, Ying Bao, Fei Li, Jian-Wen Song, Hai-Bin Wu, Hong-Li Sun, Zhi-Juan Li, Huan-Nan Liu, Qian Wu and Hong-Li Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Existing literature shows that there is an inverse association between socioeconomic position and screen time among adolescents. What is less known is the mechanism behind these differences. The study aimed to...

    Authors: Mekdes K. Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Laura Terragni and Liv Elin Torheim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:279

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. The study aimed to investigate if the behaviours suggestive of ADHD were more frequent in a population of children attending the Emergency Department (ED) for injuries, rather than for other causes.

    Authors: Ester Conversano, Alice Tassinari, Lorenzo Monasta, Aldo Skabar, Matteo Pavan, Alessandra Maestro, Egidio Barbi and Giorgio Cozzi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. This study explored whether temperamentally inhibited children who experience early trauma are vulnerable to developing internalizing problems in the face of later life-stressors.

    Authors: Amy Brown, Joanna Bennet, Ronald M. Rapee, Dina R. Hirshfeld-Becker and Jordana K. Bayer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:264

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID) face many challenges. There is little evidence-based research into educational settings for children with ID and...

    Authors: Antoine Tanet, Annick Hubert-Barthelemy, Marie-Noëlle Clément, François Soumille, Graciela C. Crespin, Hugues Pellerin, François-André Allaert, David Cohen and Catherine Saint-Georges

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:263

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Sleep is especially important for infants, since it stimulates the development of neural connections in their brains. Psychological stress such as anxiety could affect sleep quality. This study investigated th...

    Authors: Maryam Montazeri, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Khalil Esmaeilpour, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi and Paria Amiri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder characterized by respiratory system abnormalities, including alveolar hypoventilation and autonomic nervous system dysregulation. CCHS is a...

    Authors: Kelly T. Macdonald, Ricardo A. Mosquera, Aravind Yadav, Maria C. Caldas-Vasquez, Hina Emanuel and Kimberly Rennie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:194

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. In a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with 8402 stable low birthweight (LBW) infants, majority being late preterm or term small for gestational age, community-initiated KMC (ciKMC) showed a significant improv...

    Authors: Sunita Taneja, Bireshwar Sinha, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sarmila Mazumder, Halvor Sommerfelt, Jose Martines, Suresh Kumar Dalpath, Rakesh Gupta, Patricia Kariger, Rajiv Bahl, Nita Bhandari and Tarun Dua

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. There is enough evidence to believe that young children’s social-emotional problems can have a long-term effect if extra support is not given early. Therefore, early identification of such problems and any dif...

    Authors: Masoud Vaezghasemi, Eva Eurenius, Anneli Ivarsson, Linda Richter Sundberg, Sven-Arne Silfverdal and Marie Lindkvist

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Between-person differences in sedentary patterns should be considered to understand the role of sedentary behavior (SB) in the development of childhood obesity. This study took a novel approach based on compos...

    Authors: Aleš Gába, Željko Pedišić, Nikola Štefelová, Jan Dygrýn, Karel Hron, Dorothea Dumuid and Mark Tremblay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections syndrome (PANDAS) identifies patients with acute onset of obsessive-compulsive and tic disorders. The objective of this...

    Authors: Lorenzo Loffredo, Alberto Spalice, Francesca Salvatori, Giovanna De Castro, Cristiana Alessia Guido, Anna Maria Zicari, Paolo Ciacci, Simona Battaglia, Giulia Brindisi, Evaristo Ettorre, Cristina Nocella, Guglielmo Salvatori, Marzia Duse, Francesco Violi and Roberto Carnevale

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Childhood is an important period for developing maturity in thinking. Accumulating evidence shows the association between physical activity and cognitive function. Although both the intelligence quotient and e...

    Authors: Nitita Piya-amornphan, Anoma Santiworakul, Salila Cetthakrikul and Phatcharawadee Srirug

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:118

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Self-regulation (SR), or the capacity to control one’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in order to achieve a desired goal, shapes health outcomes through many pathways, including supporting adherence to medi...

    Authors: Alison L. Miller, Sharon L. Lo, Dana Albright, Joyce M. Lee, Christine M. Hunter, Katherine W. Bauer, Rosalind King, Katy M. Clark, Kiren Chaudhry, Niko Kaciroti, Benjamin Katz and Emily M. Fredericks

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:112

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  17. Early Intervention (EI) is a federally mandated, state-administered system of care for children with developmental delays and disabilities under the age of three. Gaps exist in the process of accessing EI thro...

    Authors: Beth M. McManus, Zachary Richardson, Margaret Schenkman, Natalie J. Murphy, Rachel M. Everhart, Simon Hambidge and Elaine Morrato

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. World Health Organisation (WHO) Guidelines on Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep for Children under 5 Years of Age were released in 2019. The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of Ch...

    Authors: Hongyan Guan, Zhiguang Zhang, Bo Wang, Anthony D. Okely, Meiling Tong, Jianxin Wu and Ting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. The aim of this study was to review the effects of developmental care in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting on mental and motor development of preterm infants.

    Authors: Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Hesam Ghiasvand, Amin Shahrokhi, Nahid Rahmani and Shiva Fatollahierad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Speech sound disorder in childhood poses a barrier to academic and social participation, with potentially lifelong consequences for educational and occupational outcomes. While most speech errors resolve by th...

    Authors: Tara McAllister, Jonathan L. Preston, Elaine R. Hitchcock and Jennifer Hill

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:66

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  21. Metformin is widely used in pregnancy to treat gestational diabetes mellitus and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Association between PCOS and developmental delay in offspring, and larger head circumference o...

    Authors: Hanne Klæboe Greger, Liv Guro Engen Hanem, Heidi Furre Østgård and Eszter Vanky

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Advances in the treatment of childhood brain tumors have significantly improved survival rates. With improved survival rates, long-term treatment-related toxicities have become important, and the resulting com...

    Authors: Hamidah Alias, Sasirekha Krisnan Morthy, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Zulaiha Muda and Azmi Mohd Tamil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. There is evidence that parents from more socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds engage in fewer verbal interactions with their child than more advantaged parents. This leads to the so-called, ‘30 million-...

    Authors: Mary E. Brushe, John W. Lynch, Sheena Reilly, Edward Melhuish and Sally A. Brinkman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. About 2000 children and adolescents under the age of 18 are diagnosed with cancer each year in Germany. Because of current medical treatment methods, a high survival rate can be reached for many types of the d...

    Authors: Julia Roick, Reinhard Berner, Toralf Bernig, Bernhard Erdlenbruch, Gabriele Escherich, Jörg Faber, Christoph Klein, Konrad Bochennek, Christian Kratz, Joachim Kühr, Alfred Längler, Holger N. Lode, Markus Metzler, Hermann Müller, Dirk Reinhardt, Axel Sauerbrey…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:48

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  25. There is considerable evidence that health systems, in so far as they ensure access to healthcare, promote population health even independent of other determinants. Access to child health services remains inte...

    Authors: Edgar Arnold Lungu, Catherine Darker and Regien Biesma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Most Australian Aboriginal children are on track with their development, however, the prevalence of children at risk of or with a developmental or behavioural problem is higher than in other children. Aborigin...

    Authors: Shingisai Chando, Jonathan C. Craig, Leonie Burgess, Simone Sherriff, Alison Purcell, Hasantha Gunasekera, Sandra Banks, Natalie Smith, Emily Banks and Sue Woolfenden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Cerebral palsy (CP) is frequently associated with specific cognitive impairments, such as executive dysfunction which are related to participation and quality of life (QOL). The proposed study will examine whe...

    Authors: María García-Galant, Montse Blasco, Lee Reid, Kerstin Pannek, David Leiva, Olga Laporta-Hoyos, Júlia Ballester-Plané, Júlia Miralbell, Xavi Caldú, Xènia Alonso, Esther Toro-Tamargo, Mar Meléndez-Plumed, Francisca Gimeno, Marc Coronas, Emili Soro-Camats, Roslyn Boyd…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:9

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. In developed economies, obesity prevalence is high within children from some culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. This study aims to identify whether CALD groups in Victoria, Australia, ar...

    Authors: Breanna Scott, Kristy A. Bolton, Claudia Strugnell, Steven Allender and Jennifer Marks

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:511

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Increasing studies have focused on motor function/dysfunction in PICU survivors; however, most studies have focused on adults and older children. This study investigated gross motor developmental function outc...

    Authors: Chun-Feng Yang, Yang Xue, Jun-Yan Feng, Fei-Yong Jia, Yu Zhang and Yu-Mei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:508

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Maternal obesity and high gestational weight gain (GWG) disproportionally affect low-income populations and may be associated with child neurodevelopment in a sex-specific manner. We examined sex-specific asso...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Widen, Amy R. Nichols, Linda G. Kahn, Pam Factor-Litvak, Beverly J. Insel, Lori Hoepner, Sara M. Dube, Virginia Rauh, Frederica Perera and Andrew Rundle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:507

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a highly prevalent lifelong disorder with high rates of comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders. Individuals with FASD are often exposed to abuse, neglect and foster hom...

    Authors: Cassondra Kambeitz, Marilyn G. Klug, Jacob Greenmyer, Svetlana Popova and Larry Burd

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:498

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Handwriting difficulties are common in children with attention deficient hyperactive disorder (ADHD). The aim of our study was to find distinctive characteristics of handwriting in children with ADHD by using ...

    Authors: Rony Cohen, Batia Cohen-Kroitoru, Ayelet Halevy, Sharon Aharoni, Irena Aizenberg and Avinoam Shuper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:484

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Allergic diseases, such as asthma, dermatitis, rhinitis, and eczema, are highly prevalent in Chinese school children. Environmental factors, including air pollution and automobile exhaust, play an important ro...

    Authors: Bolan Yu, Lijuan Dai, Juanjuan Chen, Wen Sun, Jingsi Chen, Lili Du, Nali Deng and Dunjin Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:479

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Family dissolution has become more common and one third of the child population in most Western countries now experience family dissolution. Studies show that children from dissolved families have lower levels...

    Authors: Line Lund Laursen, Kathrine Bang Madsen, Carsten Obel and Lena Hohwü

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:449

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The fourth year of the Sustainable Development Agenda era calls for countries to continue to invest not only in interventions and policies that will promote global equity and sustainability, but also in the mo...

    Authors: Alanna Sincovich, Tess Gregory, Cristian Zanon, Daniel D. Santos, John Lynch and Sally A. Brinkman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:471

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Gastrointestinal (GI) problems are one of the most frequent comorbidities in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but can be under-recognized due to the concomitant communication difficulties of this population. Acc...

    Authors: Margherita Prosperi, Elisa Santocchi, Filippo Muratori, Chiara Narducci, Sara Calderoni, Raffaella Tancredi, Maria Aurora Morales and Letizia Guiducci

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:466

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Communication, behavioural, and executive function problems often co-occur in childhood. Previous attempts to identify the origins of these comorbidities have typically relied on comparisons of different defic...

    Authors: Silvana Mareva and Joni Holmes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:452

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The objective of this study was to summarize clinical features and PRRT2 mutations of paediatric paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) patients and observe the tolerability and effects of morning draughts of ox...

    Authors: Gang Pan, Linmei Zhang and Shuizhen Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:439

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Prenatal and postnatal depressive symptoms are common in expectant and new mothers and fathers. This study examined the association between four patterns of probable perinatal depression (mother depressed, fat...

    Authors: Nicole Letourneau, Brenda Leung, Henry Ntanda, Deborah Dewey, Andrea J. Deane and Gerald F. Giesbrecht

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:435

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Trunk control is generally considered to be related to gross motor development. However, this assumption has not been validated with clinical data. This pilot study was the first of its kind to examine the lon...

    Authors: Tamis W. Pin, Penelope B. Butler, Hon-Ming Cheung and Sandra Lai-Fong Shum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:425

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Professional support in pediatric and rehabilitation care environments has been recommended as a means to build youth competence in life skills during their transition to adulthood. Life skills are the essenti...

    Authors: Shauna Kingsnorth, Alanna E. F. Rudzik, Gillian King and Amy C. McPherson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:413

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common vasculitis of childhood in East Asia. The complications of KD ascribed to long-term cardiovascular sequelae are considerably diverse. Although studies have investigated neurod...

    Authors: Chien-Heng Lin, Wei-De Lin, I-Ching Chou, Inn-Chi Lee and Syuan-Yu Hong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:406

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Current use of smartphone cameras by parents create opportunities for longitudinal home-video-assessments to monitor infant development. We developed and validated a home-video method for parents, enabling Ped...

    Authors: M. Boonzaaijer, F. van Wesel, J. Nuysink, M. J. M. Volman and M. J. Jongmans

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:392

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. While the keeping of pets has been shown to protect against childhood allergic disease and obesity, less is known regarding potential associations of prenatal pet keeping and attention deficit hyperactivity di...

    Authors: Andrea E. Cassidy-Bushrow, Alexandra R. Sitarik, Tisa M. Johnson-Hooper, Jannel M. Phillips, Kyra Jones, Christine Cole Johnson and Jennifer K. Straughen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:390

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Neurodevelopmental disability (NDD) is increasingly acknowledged as one of the important causes of disease burden in low income countries. None the less, there is a dearth of data on the burden of NDD and its ...

    Authors: Gertrude Namazzi, Helena Hildenwall, Paul Mubiri, Claudia Hanson, Christine Nalwadda, Margaret Nampijja, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Peter Waiswa and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:379

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic metabolic condition requiring intensive daily self-care to avoid both high and low blood glucose levels. Self-care and glycemic outcomes are particularly problematic in adole...

    Authors: Giesje Nefs, Linh Nguyen, Per Winterdijk, Esther Hartman, Theo Sas, Roos Nuboer, Ineke De Kruijff, Willie Bakker-van Waarde, Henk-Jan Aanstoot and Frans Pouwer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:377

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on: