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Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 4

  1. Content type: Research article

    Since iron plays an important role in several physiological processes, its deficiency but also overload may harm the development of children. The aim was to assess the effect of iron–fortified milk on the iron...

    Authors: Lucía Iglesias Vázquez, Josefa Canals, Núria Voltas, Cristina Jardí, Carmen Hernández, Cristina Bedmar, Joaquín Escribano, Núria Aranda, Rosa Jiménez, Josep Maria Barroso, Blanca Ribot and Victoria Arija

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:315

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Earlier age of menarche has been associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases during adulthood, but whether early menarche has intergenerational effect is not clear.

    Authors: Hui Wang, Yunting Zhang, Ying Tian, Fei Li, Chonghui Yan, Hui Wang, Zhongchen Luo, Fan Jiang and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:312

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension in children and adolescents is on the rise worldwide, especially in China. The prevalence of hypertension is related to many factors, such as obesity. In the era of smart phones, it is important t...

    Authors: Yunfei Zou, Ning Xia, Yunqing Zou, Zhen Chen and Yufeng Wen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:310

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The role of the father as a co-caregiver is becoming increasingly important across cultures. Parental psychological distress is an influencing factor of maladaptive parenting behaviors and negative psychosocia...

    Authors: Hyeon Sik Chu and Hanyi Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:308

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Parenting children with special health care needs can be challenging particularly if children have complex conditions. Parents may struggle to manage their child’s health and their own emotions, contributing t...

    Authors: Sally Bradshaw, Danai Bem, Karen Shaw, Beck Taylor, Christopher Chiswell, Mary Salama, Eve Bassett, Geetinder Kaur and Carole Cummins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:301

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Pacifier sucking habit has been associated in the literature with alterations of dental occlusion, and it could be a predisposing factor for other poor oral habits among children. Orthodontic pacifiers have be...

    Authors: Silvia Caruso, Alessandro Nota, Atanaz Darvizeh, Marco Severino, Roberto Gatto and Simona Tecco

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:294

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Although infant media exposure has received attention for its implications on child development, upstream risk factors contributing to media exposure have rarely been explored. The study aim was to examine the...

    Authors: Ramkumar Aishworiya, Shirong Cai, Helen Y. Chen, Desiree Y. Phua, Birit F. P. Broekman, Lourdes Mary Daniel, Yap Seng Chong, Lynette P. Shek, Fabian Yap, Shiao-Yng Chan, Michael J. Meaney and Evelyn C. Law

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:286

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Behavioural problems and psychopathology can present from as early as the preschool period. However there is evidence that behavioural difficulties may not be stable over this period. Therefore, the current st...

    Authors: Stephanie D’Souza, Lisa Underwood, Elizabeth R. Peterson, Susan M. B. Morton and Karen E. Waldie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:259

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    The microbial population of the human gut (the gut microbiome) is an integral cog in the bidirectional communication axis that exists between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system. African ...

    Authors: Patricia A. Brennan, Anne L. Dunlop, Alicia K. Smith, Michael Kramer, Jennifer Mulle and Elizabeth J. Corwin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:246

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension (AH) is an emerging disease that has rapidly increased in the last decades throughout the world. The increase in blood pressure (BP) is observed with growth and development and, although the manif...

    Authors: Fernando Rodrigues Peixoto Quaresma, Erika da Silva Maciel, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo and Fernando Adami

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:244

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence is a critical phase of human development that lays the foundation for health in later life. Of the 1.8 billion adolescents in the world, roughly 90% live in low and middle-income countries. Yet mos...

    Authors: Sara K. Hanson, Richard J. Munthali, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Felipe Lobelo, Solveig A. Cunningham, Terryl J. Hartman, Shane A. Norris and Aryeh D. Stein

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:241

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Parents of children with chronic illness have reported decreased psychological and physical quality of life (QoL) relative to parents of children without such illness, which may be associated with the extent o...

    Authors: Alana Fairfax, Jamie Brehaut, Ian Colman, Lindsey Sikora, Alessia Kazakova, Pranesh Chakraborty and Beth K. Potter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:215

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to investigate attitudes towards embryo donation and embryo donation families among professionals working in primary child healthcare, and their experiences of these families.

    Authors: Gabriela Armuand, Gunilla Sydsjö, Agneta Skoog Svanberg and Claudia Lampic

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:209

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the accuracy of motor assessment tools listed in Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a guideline for diagnosis across the lifespan (Canadian Guideline) for the purpose of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder ...

    Authors: Danielle Johnston, Erin Branton, Leah Rasmuson, Sylvia Schell, Douglas P. Gross and Lesley Pritchard-Wiart

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:171

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Maternal alcohol consumption in pregnancy may have adverse effects on child gross motor (GM) development. There have been few human studies on this topic, particularly ones examining low exposure. This study e...

    Authors: Delyse Hutchinson, George J. Youssef, Clare McCormack, Judy Wilson, Steve Allsop, Jake Najman, Elizabeth Elliott, Lucinda Burns, Sue Jacobs, Ingrid Honan, Larissa Rossen, Hannah Fiedler, Samantha Teague, Joanne Ryan, Craig A. Olsson and Richard P. Mattick

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:149

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:222

  16. Content type: Research article

    Children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS are more likely to have emotional and behavioral problems than the general population. This can result in a continuing negative influence on the quality of life, school p...

    Authors: Demewoz Kefale, Abdisa Boka, Zureyash Mengstu, Zelalem Belayneh and Shegaw Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:141

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and caries in young people are issues of public health concern. Even though research into the relationship between the two conditions has been conducted for many years, to date the results remain equiv...

    Authors: Martha Paisi, Elizabeth Kay, Cathy Bennett, Irene Kaimi, Robert Witton, Robert Nelder and Debra Lapthorne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:122

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In different ethnic groups, birth related factors have shown significant influence in the etiology of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Based on these interesting findings, we aimed to investiga...

    Authors: Subhamita Maitra and Kanchan Mukhopadhyay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:117

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Current evidence on the health effects of passive smoking on childhood blood pressure is limited and inconsistent. We investigated the associations between exposure to parental smoking and blood pressure in ch...

    Authors: Zilong Zhang, Jun Ma, Zhenghe Wang, Yanhui Dong, Zhaogeng Yang, Bin Dong and Yinghua Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:116

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In low-resource settings, the lack of mental health professionals and cross-culturally validated screening instruments complicates mental health care delivery. This is especially the case for very young childr...

    Authors: Fabienne Nackers, Thomas Roederer, Caroline Marquer, Scholastic Ashaba, Samuel Maling, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, Sothara Muny, Chea Sokeo, Vireak Shom, Maria Palha, Pauline Lefèbvre, Beatrice W. Kirubi, Grace Kamidigo, Bruno Falissard, Marie-Rose Moro and Rebecca F. Grais

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:108

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The present study was the first one aimed to investigate the current muscle fitness and its associated factors among children and adolescents in mainland China.

    Authors: Huijing He, Li Pan, Jianwei Du, Feng Liu, Yuming Jin, Jingang Ma, Li Wang, Pengben Jia, Zhiping Hu and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:101

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The present study investigates whether sensation seeking in pre-school-age children is associated with age, gender and socio-economic status, and how sensation seeking relates to behavioural difficulties.

    Authors: Myriam Haas, Andreas Hiemisch, Mandy Vogel, Oleg Wagner, Wieland Kiess and Tanja Poulain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:77

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The effects of prenatal maternal smoking have been studied extensively, however little research has examined the effects of prenatal exposure to maternal smoking on offspring sleep, particularly over several d...

    Authors: Frances O’Callaghan, Michael O’Callaghan, James G. Scott, Jake Najman and Abdullah Al Mamun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:70

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The global incidence of overweight and obesity has increased dramatically among children and adolescents over the past decades. Insufficient sleep duration and physical inactivity are known risk factors for ov...

    Authors: Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Jens Dreyhaupt, Sarah Kettner and Jürgen M. Steinacker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:54

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Excessive and inappropriate antimicrobial use in the community is one risk factor that can result in the spread of antimicrobial resistance. Upper respiratory tract infections are most frequently reported amon...

    Authors: Hani Saleh Faidah, Abdul Haseeb, Majd Yousuf Lamfon, Malak Mohammad Almatrafi, Imtinan Abdullah Almasoudi, Ejaz Cheema, Waleed Hassan Almalki, Mahmoud E Elrggal, Mahmoud M.A. Mohamed, Fahad Saleem, Manal Mansour Al-Gethamy, Beenish Pervaiz, Tahir Mehmood Khan and Mohamed Azmi Hassali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:46

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Data on the prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and direct self-injurious behavior in adolescents with a migration background are scarce. There are hints that this population is at risk. The aim...

    Authors: Carolin Donath, Marie Christine Bergmann, Sören Kliem, Thomas Hillemacher and Dirk Baier

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:45

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The data about quality of care of more than 70 countries were available from UNICEF but little was known about China. We examined the status about quality of care and explored its associations with development...

    Authors: Chenlu Yang, Xiaoli Liu, Yuning Yang, Xiaona Huang, Qiying Song, Yan Wang and Hong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:41

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  28. Content type: Research article

    South Asia contributes substantially to global low birth weight population (i.e. those with birth weight < 2500 g). Synthesized evidence is lacking on magnitude of cognitive and motor deficits in low birth wei...

    Authors: Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Gitismita Naik, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Ranadip Chowdhury, Sunita Taneja, Nita Bhandari, Jose Carlos Martines, Rajiv Bahl and Maharaj Kishan Bhan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:35

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    A substantial proportion of the school-age population experience cognitive-related learning difficulties. Not all children who struggle at school receive a diagnosis, yet their problems are sufficient to warra...

    Authors: Joni Holmes, Annie Bryant and Susan Elizabeth Gathercole

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:10

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Early childhood educators greatly influence young children’s physical activity and screen-viewing behaviours in childcare. However, educators have requested additional training in physical activity programming...

    Authors: Brianne A. Bruijns, Kristi B. Adamo, Shauna M. Burke, Valerie Carson, Jennifer D. Irwin, Patti-Jean Naylor, Brian W. Timmons, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Patricia Tucker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:5

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  31. Content type: Research article

    There is growing scientific evidence supports a link between increased childhood adiposity and early onset of puberty in girls worldwide in recent decades. However, the data from Chinese girls remain ambiguous...

    Authors: Qiguo Lian, Yanyan Mao, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Xiayun Zuo, Chaohua Lou and Weijin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:1

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Substance use and abuse by young adolescents has become a serious issue for public health services, and several socio-environmental factors can influence how vulnerable a young adolescent may be to their appea...

    Authors: Alessandra Buja, Luigi Gallimberti, Sonia Chindamo, Camilla Lion, Alberto Terraneo, Michele Rivera, Elena Marini, Luis Javier Gomez-Perez, Emanuele Scafato and Vincenzo Baldo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:367

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Slowing eating rate using the Mandolean® previously helped obese adolescents to self-select smaller portion sizes, with no reduction in satiety, and enhanced ghrelin suppression. The objective of this pilot, r...

    Authors: Elanor C. Hinton, Laura A. Birch, John Barton, Jeffrey M. P. Holly, Kalina M. Biernacka, Sam D. Leary, Aileen Wilson, Olivia S. Byrom and Julian P. Hamilton-Shield

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:366

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Working memory allows us to hold information in an active state for short periods of time, and is essential in facilitating goal directed cognitive functioning. Difficulties in working memory and decision-maki...

    Authors: Nikita Sood, Celia Godfrey, Vicki Anderson and Cathy Catroppa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:362

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders. Genetically based subtype identification may prove more beneficial not only in illuminating the course and prognosis, bu...

    Authors: Jiangping Wang, Jinling Liu, Yi Gao, Kaixuan Wang and Kewen Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:338

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Beneficial effects of mastication on cognitive abilities in the elderly have been shown in human studies. However, little is currently known about the effect of masticatory stimulation on cognitive and percept...

    Authors: Kensuke Kiriishi, Hirokazu Doi, Nobuaki Magata, Tetsuro Torisu, Mihoko Tanaka, Makoto Ohkubo, Mitsuhiro Haneda, Masaki Okatomi, Kazuyuki Shinohara and Takao Ayuse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:331

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends shared reading beginning as soon as possible after birth to promote healthy development. Shared reading quality can strongly influence outcomes, especially i...

    Authors: John S Hutton, Guixia Huang, Kieran J Phelan, Thomas DeWitt and Richard F Ittenbach

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:330

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of physical disability in children. The best opportunity to maximize lifelong independence is early in motor development when there is the most potential for neurop...

    Authors: Laura A. Prosser, Samuel R. Pierce, Timothy R. Dillingham, Judy C. Bernbaum and Abbas F. Jawad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:329

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Late preterm infants, previously considered low risk, have been identified to be at risk of developmental problems in infancy and early childhood. There is limited information on the outcome of these infants i...

    Authors: Tanusha Ramdin, Daynia Ballot, David Rakotsoane, Lethile Madzudzo, Nicolette Brown, Tobias Chirwa, Peter Cooper and Victor Davies

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:326

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Over the last decade, several studies investigated the outcomes in children born very preterm. Only recently there has been an increasing interest in the late preterm infants (born between 34 + 0 and 36 + 6 we...

    Authors: Roberto Palumbi, Antonia Peschechera, Mariella Margari, Francesco Craig, Arcangelo Cristella, Maria Giuseppina Petruzzelli and Lucia Margari

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:318

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Infant mortality rates are still high in Ethiopia. Breastfeeding is regarded as the simplest and least expensive strategy for reduction of infant mortality rates. Community-based educational and support interv...

    Authors: Misra Abdulahi, Atle Fretheim and Jeanette H. Magnus

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:313

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this cluster-randomised, controlled study was to examine whether a teacher-led multifactorial back education programme could improve back pain in pupils, motor skills, back behaviour, and back knowl...

    Authors: Silvia Dullien, Joachim Grifka and Petra Jansen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:312

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Evidence supports that better parental involvement and communication are related to reduced obesity in children. Parent-child collaborative decision-making is associated with lower BMI among children; while ch...

    Authors: Adrita Rahman, Kimberly G. Fulda, Susan F. Franks, Shane I. Fernando, Nusrath Habiba and Omair Muzaffar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:311

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    The phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) presents considerable challenges in understanding etiological pathways, selecting effective therapies, providing genetic counselling, ...

    Authors: Gail A. Alvares, Paul A. Dawson, Cheryl Dissanayake, Valsamma Eapen, Jacob Gratten, Rachel Grove, Anjali Henders, Helen Heussler, Lauren Lawson, Anne Masi, Emma Raymond, Felicity Rose, Leanne Wallace, Naomi R. Wray and Andrew J. O. Whitehouse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:284

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Modified sport interventions run by physiotherapists have shown potential as cost-effective, engaging, and effective interventions to improve gross motor skills and support transition to real-world sports part...

    Authors: Georgina L. Clutterbuck, Megan L. Auld and Leanne M. Johnston

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:258

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Basic parenting research reveals that child mental health is associated with optimal parenting, which is composed of three key dimensions (structure, affiliation and autonomy support). The present study aims t...

    Authors: Mireille Joussemet, Geneviève A. Mageau, Marie-Pier Larose, Mélanie Briand and Frank Vitaro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:257

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