Behavior and development

Section edited by Paramala Santosh

This section considers studies of behavioral and developmental disorders in children and adolescents.

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  1. Research article

    Brain biomarkers and pre-injury cognition are associated with long-term cognitive outcome in children with traumatic brain injury

    Children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are frequently at risk of long-term impairments of attention and executive functioning but these problems are difficult to predict. Although deficits have been report...

    Amy A. Wilkinson, Maureen Dennis, Nevena Simic, Margot J. Taylor, Benjamin R. Morgan, Helena Frndova, Karen Choong, Craig Campbell, Douglas Fraser, Vicki Anderson, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Russell Schachar and Jamie Hutchison

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:173

    Published on: 24 July 2017

  2. Case report

    My child cannot breathe while sleeping: a report of three cases and review

    Sudden breath-holding episodes during sleep in young children are potentially related to sudden infant death syndrome and other life-threatening events. Additionally, these episodes can negatively affect child...

    Won Hee Seo, Minkyu Park, So-Hee Eun, Seonkyeong Rhie, Dae Jin Song and Kyu-Young Chae

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:169

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  3. Research article

    The role of family and school-level factors in bullying and cyberbullying: a cross-sectional study

    Bullying and cyberbullying are common phenomena in schools. These negative behaviours can have a significant impact on the health and particularly mental health of those involved in such behaviours, both as vi...

    Leonardo Bevilacqua, Nichola Shackleton, Daniel Hale, Elizabeth Allen, Lyndal Bond, Deborah Christie, Diana Elbourne, Natasha Fitzgerald-Yau, Adam Fletcher, Rebecca Jones, Alec Miners, Stephen Scott, Meg Wiggins, Chris Bonell and Russell M. Viner

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:160

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  4. Study protocol

    Effectiveness of skin-to-skin contact versus care-as-usual in mothers and their full-term infants: study protocol for a parallel-group randomized controlled trial

    Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant h...

    Kelly H. M. Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C. Rovers and Carolina de Weerth

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:154

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  5. Study protocol

    Study protocol: families and childhood transitions study (FACTS) – a longitudinal investigation of the role of the family environment in brain development and risk for mental health disorders in community based children

    Extant research has demonstrated that parenting behaviour can be a significant contributor to the development of brain structure and mental health during adolescence. Nonetheless, there is limited research exa...

    J.G. Simmons, O.S. Schwartz, K. Bray, C. Deane, E. Pozzi, S. Richmond, J. Smith, N. Vijayakumar, M.L. Byrne, M.L. Seal, M.B.H. Yap, N.B. Allen and S.L. Whittle

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:153

    Published on: 30 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Patterns of objectively measured sedentary time in 10- to 12-year-old Belgian children: an observational study within the ENERGY-project

    This study examined the frequency of and differences in sedentary bouts of different durations and the total time spent in sedentary bouts on a weekday, a weekend day, during school hours, during after-school ...

    Maïté Verloigne, Nicola D. Ridgers, Mai Chinapaw, Teatske M. Altenburg, Elling Bere, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Greet Cardon, Johannes Brug and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:147

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Emotional and behavioural problems in Swedish preschool children rated by preschool teachers with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)

    There is a high risk that young children who show early signs of mental health problems develop symptoms in the same or overlapping areas some years later. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is...

    Berit M. Gustafsson, Marie Proczkowska-Björklund and Per A. Gustafsson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:110

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  8. Study protocol

    The Preschool Activity, Technology, Health, Adiposity, Behaviour and Cognition (PATH-ABC) cohort study: rationale and design

    Prevalence estimates internationally suggest that many preschool-aged children (3–5 years) are insufficiently physically active and engage in high levels of screen-based entertainment. Early childhood is the d...

    Dylan P. Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart Vella, Steven J Howard, Megan A. Kelly, Douglas J. Angus, Ian M. Wright, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D. Okely and Marc de Rosnay

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:95

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  9. Research article

    Social inclusion for children with hearing loss in listening and spoken Language early intervention: an exploratory study

    Social inclusion is a common focus of listening and spoken language (LSL) early intervention for children with hearing loss. This exploratory study compared the social inclusion of young children with hearing ...

    Gabriella Constantinescu-Sharpe, Rebecca L. Phillips, Aleisha Davis, Dimity Dornan and Anthony Hogan

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:74

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Support for the feasibility of the ages and stages questionnaire as a developmental screening tool: a cross-sectional study of South African and Zambian children aged 2-60 months

    There is a growing global acknowledgement that improving child survival rates is no longer sufficient. Emphasis is shifting to the improvement of health and developmental trajectories in early childhood. Scree...

    Alastair van Heerden, Celia Hsiao, Beatrice Matafwali, Julia Louw and Linda Richter

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:55

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  11. Study protocol

    Rationale for and design of the "POSTA" study: Evaluation of neurocognitive outcomes after immediate adenotonsillectomy compared to watchful waiting in preschool children

    IQ deficits are linked to even mild obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children. Although OSA is commonly first diagnosed in the pre-school age group, a randomised trial is still needed to assess IQ outcomes af...

    Karen A. Waters, Jasneek Chawla, Margaret-Anne Harris, Carolyn Dakin, Helen Heussler, Robert Black, Alan Cheng, Hannah Burns, John D. Kennedy and Kurt Lushington

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:47

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Comparison of developmental milestone attainment in early treated HIV-infected infants versus HIV-unexposed infants: a prospective cohort study

    Infant HIV infection is associated with delayed milestone attainment. The extent to which effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) prevents these delays is not well defined.

    Sarah Benki-Nugent, Dalton Wamalwa, Agnes Langat, Kenneth Tapia, Judith Adhiambo, Daisy Chebet, Helen Moraa Okinyi and Grace John-Stewart

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:24

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  13. Study protocol

    Cognitively and physically demanding exergaming to improve executive functions of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomised clinical trial

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders observed in childhood and adolescence. Its key symptoms — reduced attention, poor control of impulses as well as incre...

    Valentin Benzing and Mirko Schmidt

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:8

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Development and psychometric properties of the Suicidality: Treatment Occurring in Paediatrics (STOP) Suicidality Assessment Scale (STOP-SAS) in children and adolescents

    To create a self-reported, internet-based questionnaire for the assessment of suicide risk in children and adolescents.

    I. Flamarique, P. Santosh, A. Zuddas, C. Arango, D. Purper-Ouakil, P. J. Hoekstra, D. Coghill, U. Schulze, R. W. Dittmann, J. K. Buitelaar, K. Lievesley, R. Frongia, C. Llorente, I. Méndez, R. Sala, F. Fiori…

    BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:213

    Published on: 13 December 2016

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