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Table 2 The categories, subcategories, and examples of the codes of the study

From: The experience of chronic pain among adolescents: suffering and attempt to overcome pain?



Main categories

Thought patterns; Grief and sorrow; Reduced self-confidence; Self-blame; Feeling of guilt

Internal reactions to pain

Perceived suffering

Aggression; Crying

External/Observed reactions to pain

Gender; Family education; Subjective burden of pain.

Factors affecting pain management

Attempt to overcome pain

Medical therapies; Traditional and herbal medicine therapies

Physical strategies for pain management

Avoidance or distraction; Resilience; Optimism

Psychological strategies for pain management

Parents; Siblings

Family support

Hopes for support

Peers; Classmates

Peer support

School staff; Teachers

Social support

Spiritual management