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Table 2 The categories, subcategories, and examples of the codes of the study

From: The experience of chronic pain among adolescents: suffering and attempt to overcome pain?

Codes Subcategories Main categories
Thought patterns; Grief and sorrow; Reduced self-confidence; Self-blame; Feeling of guilt Internal reactions to pain Perceived suffering
Aggression; Crying External/Observed reactions to pain
Gender; Family education; Subjective burden of pain. Factors affecting pain management Attempt to overcome pain
Medical therapies; Traditional and herbal medicine therapies Physical strategies for pain management
Avoidance or distraction; Resilience; Optimism Psychological strategies for pain management
Parents; Siblings Family support Hopes for support
Peers; Classmates Peer support
School staff; Teachers Social support
Spiritual management