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Table 4 Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showing the unique contribution of the Autonomy in Adolescence Control (AAC) scale entered in the final block after correction for gender (girls = 0, boys = 1), SES (0 = low, 1 = high) and the total autonomy dimension from KIDSCREEN (KSA) when applicable predicting all 10 dimensions in the KIDSCREEN – 52 Instrument (N = 154)

From: Autonomy and health-related quality of life in adolescents

Model B SE B β Δ R2 Model R2(adj)
Physical well-being      .31***
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .08**  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .20***  
 Block 3     .045**  
  Gender 3.99 1.55 .178*   
  SES .77 1.55 .034   
  KSA .36 .06 .42***   
  AAC .54 .17 .22**   
Psychological well-being      .25***
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .03  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .19***  
 Block 3     .05**  
  Gender 1.23 1.78 .05   
  SES 1.43 1.77 .06   
  KSA .38 .07 .40***   
  AAC .65 .20 .24**   
Moods and emotions      .40***
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .16***  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .11***  
 Block 3     .14***  
  Gender 8.98 1.82 .32***   
  SES 1.86 1.81 .07   
  KSA .28 .07 .27***   
  AAC 1.20 ..200 .39***   
Self-perception      .33***
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .09**  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .10***  
 Block 3     .16***  
  Gender 3.61 1.63 .15*   
  SES -4.76 1.62 -.20**   
  KSA .21 .06 .24**   
  AAC 1.07 .18 .41***   
Autonomy      .09*
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .05*  
 Block 2 (AAC)     .03*  
  Gender 5.86 2.07 .22**   
  SES .77 2.11 .03   
  AAC .53 .23 .18*   
Parent relations and home life      .32***
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .03  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .16***  
 Block 3     .15***  
  Gender -1.15 1.81 -.04   
  SES -4.55 1.80 -.17*   
  KSA .34 .07 .34***   
  AAC 1.15 .20 .39***   
Peers and social support      .07**
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .01  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .04**  
 Block 3     .05**  
  Gender -2.85 2.08 -.11   
  SES -1.37 2.06 -.05   
  KSA .17 .08 .17*   
  AAC .63 .23 .22**   
School environment      .24***
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .02  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .19***  
 Block 3     .05**  
  Gender -3.19 1.72 -.14   
  SES -3.56 1.70 -.15*   
  KSA .36 .07 .41***   
  AAC .56 .19 .22**   
Social acceptance and bullying      .13***
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .06**  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .00  
 Block 3     .09***  
  Gender -3.39 2.04 -.13   
  SES 5.56 2.03 .21**   
  KSA -.06 .08 -.06   
  AAC .90 .22 .31***   
Financial resources      .17***
 Block 1 (Gender, SES)     .01  
 Block 2 (KSA)     .05**  
 Block 3     .14***  
  Gender .79 1.66 .04   
  SES -.56 1.17 -.03   
  KSA .13 .06 .16**   
  AAC .91 .18 .37***   
  1. Note: Regression coefficients are reported for the final model. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001