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Table 3 Background characteristics and dietary diversity among lactating women (n = 1238)

From: Minimum dietary diversity and associated factors among lactating mothers in Haryana, India: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables Inadequate
n (%)
Adequate
n (%)
Chi-square
Age of the respondents (in years)
 Less than or equal to 20 30 (33.0) 61 (67.0) 14.73** (0.002)
 21 to 25 years 163 (23.0) 546 (77.0)
 26 to 30 years 86 (22.8) 291 (77.2)
 31 to 35 years 4 (6.6) 57 (93.4)
Education of the respondent
 No schooling 29 (25.2) 86 (74.8) 12.85* (0.025)
 Primary 28 (25.2) 83 (74.8)
 Upper primary 39 (26.9) 106 (73.1)
 Secondary 68 (28.7) 169 (71.3)
 Higher secondary 78 (19.9) 314 (80.1)
 Graduation or above 41 (17.2) 197 (82.8)
Education of the Husband
 No schooling 7 (29.2) 17 (70.8) 2.106 (0.834)
 Primary 12 (20.3) 47 (79.7)
 Upper primary 39 (25.0) 117 (75.0)
 Secondary 54 (23.7) 174 (76.3)
 Higher secondary 80 (20.9) 302 (79.1)
 Graduation or above 91 (23.4) 298 (76.6)
Occupation of the respondent
 Unemployed/ Homemaker 274 (22.9) 921 (77.1) 0.94 (0.759)
 Employed 9 (20.9) 34 (79.1)
Occupation of the husband
 Unemployed 52 (23.2) 172 (76.8) 0.02 (0.889)
 Employed 231 (22.8) 783 (77.2)
Parity
 Primipara 138 (23.3) 455 (76.7) 0.11 (0.741)
 Multiparous 145 (22.5) 500 (77.5)
Number of ANC Visits
 Less than 4 ANC Visits 188 (23.0) 630 (77.0) 0.021 (0.885)
 4 or more ANC Visits 95 (22.6) 325 (77.4)
Nutrition knowledge
 No Knowledge 41 (25.6) 119 (74.4) 35.12*** (0.0001)
 Low Knowledge 117 (32.6) 242 (67.4)
 Medium knowledge 75 (19.9) 301 (80.1)
 High Knowledge 50 (14.6) 293 (85.4)
  1. *if p < 0.10; **if p < 0.05 and ***if p < 0.01; ANC Antenatal care