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Table 3 Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for adiposity measures across tertiles of PRAL and NEAP

From: The association between dietary acid load and adiposity measures among children and adolescents

  Tertiles of PRAL Tertiles of NEAP
 < -4.30 mEq/d -4.30 to 2.22 mEq/d  > 2.22 mEq/d P trend  < 37.40 mEq/d 37.40 to 44.86 mEq/d  > 44.86 mEq/d P trend
Overweight/obesity
 Crude Ref 1.63 (0.92, 2.88) 3.04 (1.77, 5.23)  < 0.001 Ref 1.35 (0.75, 2.41) 3.50 (2.04, 5.98)  < 0.001
 Model 1 Ref 1.58 (0.89, 2.81) 3.28 (1.89, 5.70)  < 0.001 Ref 1.37 (0.76, 2.47) 3.91 (2.24, 6.80)  < 0.001
 Model 2 Ref 1.50 (0.82, 2.77) 2.89 (1.62, 5.15)  < 0.001 Ref 1.29 (0.69, 2.39) 3.39 (1.89, 6.07)  < 0.001
 Model 3 Ref 2.30 (1.11, 4.76) 4.56 (2.26, 9.17)  < 0.001 Ref 1.48 (0.71, 3.09) 5.17 (2.56, 10.43)  < 0.001
Abdominal obesity
 Crude Ref 2.31 (0.69, 7.68) 7.58 (2.57, 22.31)  < 0.001 Ref 2.74 (0.71, 10.53) 11.14 (3.30, 37.52)  < 0.001
 Model 1 Ref 2.17 (0.65, 7.25) 7.85 (2.65, 23.26)  < 0.001 Ref 2.67 (0.69, 10.35) 11.65 (3.42, 39.61)  < 0.001
 Model 2 Ref 1.71 (0.46, 6.34) 6.99 (2.15, 22.72)  < 0.001 Ref 2.59 (0.62, 10.76) 10.32 (2.78, 38.22)  < 0.001
 Model 3 Ref 2.82 (0.60, 13.20) 12.64 (3.05, 52.27)  < 0.001 Ref 2.42 (0.48, 12.21) 15.08 (3.35, 67.81)  < 0.001
Adiposity by PBF
 Crude Ref 1.68 (0.93, 3.01) 3.42 (1.96, 5.98)  < 0.001 Ref 1.61 (0.87, 2.96) 4.48 (2.53, 7.90)  < 0.001
 Model 1 Ref 1.68 (0.93, 1.03) 3.33 (1.90, 5.83)  < 0.001 Ref 1.60 (0.86, 2.95) 4.35 (2.45, 7.72)  < 0.001
 Model 2 Ref 1.72 (0.91, 3.24) 2.96 (1.62, 5.40)  < 0.001 Ref 1.62 (0.85, 3.10) 3.90 (2.11, 7.20)  < 0.001
 Model 3 Ref 2.27 (1.13, 4.57) 3.58 (1.83, 6.99)  < 0.001 Ref 1.70 (0.83, 3.46) 4.53 (2.30, 8.92)  < 0.001
  1. Data are presented as odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
  2. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant
  3. Crude: Unadjusted
  4. Model 1: adjusted for age and sex
  5. Model 2: Model 1 + household income, parent’s education, sleep hours, and physical activity
  6. Model 3: Model 2 + adjusted for total energy intake