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Table 2 Shows bivariate analysis of socio-demographic characteristics with OME in children aged 2–12 years attending the Paediatric Clinic at MNRH

From: Otitis media with effusion in children aged 2–12 years attending the paediatric clinic at Mulago National Referral Hospital, a Ugandan tertiary hospital: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics (Mean ± SD) Had Type “B” (n = 26)
3. 3 ± 1. 6
No type B
(n = 220)
4. 9 ± 2. 9
OR (95% CI) P-value
Age in years 2–4 24 (92) 130 (59) 0.26 (0.03 – 2.01) 0.196
5–7 1 (4) 52 (24) 2.48 (0.15 – 41.45) 0.528
8–10 1 (4) 21 (10) - -
11–12 0 (0) 17 (9) Ref  
Sex Male 17 (65) 130 (59) 1.31 (0.56 – 3.06) 0.537
Female 9 (35) 90 (41) Ref  
School attendance Yes 21 (81) 152 (69) 1.88 (0.68 – 5.19) 0.224
No 5 (19) 68 (31) Ref  
Mothers’ education No/low education 11 (42) 79 (36) 1.31 (0.57 – 2.99) 0.523
Higher/Tertiary 15 (58) 141 (64) Ref  
Family size  ≤ 3 people 2 (8) 36 (16) Ref  
4–6 20 (77) 144 (66) 0.40 (0.09 – 1.79) 0.231
 ≥ 7 4 (15) 40 (18) 0.56 (0.10 – 3.22) 0.512
Exposure to smoking Yes 1 (4) 9 (4) 0.94 (0.11 – 7.71) 0.952
No 25 (96) 211 (96) Ref  
Frequent AOM Yes 9 (35) 16 (7) 6.75 (2.60 – 17.54)  < 0.001
No 17 (65) 204 (93) Ref  
Allergy Yes 17 (65) 81 (37) 3.24 (1.38 – 7.61) 0.007
No 9 (35) 139 (63) Ref  
Snoring Yes 16 (62) 38 (17) 7.66 (3.23 – 17.18)  < 0.001
No 10 (38) 182 (83) Ref  
Delay speech Yes 9 (35) 28 (13) 3.67 (1.48 – 8.93) 0.005
No 17 (65) 192 (87) Ref