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Table 3 Effect of the different interventions in the anthropometric outcomes

From: Effect of physical therapy on bone remodelling in preterm infants: a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial

  EGrlt
(n = 38)
EGpmc
(n = 32)
CG
(n = 36)
Pairwise comparation Mean differences CI95%
Lower bound Upper bound
Weight (g) Pre-treatment 1611.47 ± 202.74 1768.22 ± 387.25 1600.53 ± 195.27 EGrlt < EGpmc* -230.65 -408.96 -52.35
EGrlt = CG -71.84 -200.55 56.86
EGpmc = CG 158.81 -31.84 349.46
2 weeks 1979.69 ± 239.06 2218.26 ± 450.18 2082.4 ± 295.36 EGrlt < EGpmc* -304.7 -541.86 -67.51
EGrlt = CG -119.4 -288.54 49.8
EGpmc = CG 185.3 -69.85 440.49
Post-treatment 2356.0 ± 281.36 2644.46 ± 444.24 2587.37 ± 444.65 EGrlt < EGpmc* -329.55 -561 -98.09
EGrlt = CG -270.53 -502.7 -38.4
EGpmc = CG 59.02 -222.9 340.9
Height (cm) Pre-treatment 41.38 ± 1.68 42.77 ± 2.83 42.1 ± 1.81 EGrlt = EGpmc -3 -5 -1
EGrlt = CG -1 -2 1
EGpmc = CG 2 0 4
2 weeks 43.67 ± 2.74 44.72 ± 2.58 44.32 ± 2.4 EGrlt = EGpmc -1.471 -3.276 0.335
EGrlt = CG -0.092 -2.13 1.946
EGpmc = CG 1.379 -0.34 3.097
Post-treatment 46.19 ± 2.3 46.5 ± 2.5 46.0 ± 3.06 EGrlt = EGpmc -0.559 -2.218 1.1
EGrlt = CG -0.029 -1.899 1.84
EGpmc = CG 0.529 -1.471 2.53
Head circumference (cm) Pre-treatment 27.5 ± 4.44 29.46 ± 3.99 28.46 ± 3.78 EGrlt < EGpmc** -5.052 -9.443 -0.661
EGrlt = CG -3.052 -7.439 1.335
EGpmc = CG 2 -1.665 5.665
2 weeks 30.7 ± 1.14 31.77 ± 1.6 30.84 ± 2.07 EGrlt = EGpmc
EGrlt = CG
EGpmc = CG
-1.219
-0.718
0.5
-2.525
-2.117
-0.821
0.087
0.679
1.821
Post-treatment 32.19 ± 1.45 33.69 ± 3.0 33.34 ± 1.8 EGrlt = EGpmc
EGrlt = CG
EGpmc = CG
-1.448
-1.135
0.313
-3.467
-2.406
-1.56
0.572
0.135
2.185
  1. *p < 0.05 for differences between groups
  2. **pseudosignificant differences. CG  Control Group, EGpmc  Experimental group treated with passive mobilizations with gentle joint compression, EGrlt  Experimental group treated with reflex locomotion therapy, CI95%   95% Confidence Interval. Data is presented as Mean ± SD