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Table 5 Odds ratio (95% CI) of not passing DPOAE test for dietary habits and stressful life event during pregnancy period (n = 1190)

From: Effects of ambient air pollution, fresh fruit and vegetable intakes as well as maternal psychosocial stress on the outcome of newborn otoacoustic emission hearing screening

  Unadjusted Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Folate intake 1.476(0.697,3.125) 1.563(0.718,3.405) 1.418(0.643,3.129) 1.420(0.640,3.151)
Fruit or vegetable intake 0.454(0.189,1.091) 0.338(0.133,0.860)* 0.350(0.135,0.904)* 0.387(0.147,1.017)
Milk or soy milk intake 1.030(0.716,1.482) 1.006(0.683,1.481) 0.961(0.644,1.433) 0.951(0.635,1.423)
Tea intake 1.167(0.779,1.750) 1.114(0.722,1.721) 1.144(0.709,1.845) 1.297(0.745,2.260)
Stress and anxiety 1.127(0.784,1.621) 1.013(0.684,1.500) 0.955(0.637,1.433) 0.977(0.662,1.501)
Stressful life event
 1st trimester 0.889(0.196,4.043) 0.920(0.197,4.301) 1.079(0.228,5.115) 1.068(0.223,5.118)
 2nd trimester 2.861(0.830,9.870) 2.764(0.757,10.087) 2.944(0.772,11.226) 3.253(0.839,12.609)
 3rd trimester 3.568(1.266,10.055)* 3.217(1.080,9.581)* 3.366(1.097,10.330)* 3.678(1.183,11.433)*
  1. Model 1 adjusted parental age, maternal education level, premature, sex, birth weight during each time window
  2. Model 2 adjusted PM10, PM2.5 during each time window based on Model 1
  3. Model 3 adjusted indoor air pollution during each time window based on Model 2
  4. *p ≤ 0.05
  5. **p ≤ 0.001