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Table 3 Adjusted logistic regression estimating the contribution of child and family characteristics to excessive screen time

From: An examination of bedtime media and excessive screen time by Canadian preschoolers during the COVID-19 pandemic

  Average daily child ST
(reference = less than 2 h/day)
Average daily mobile device use
(reference = less than 2 h/day)
Child ST last 24 hrs
(reference = less than 2 h/day)
  Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P-Value Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P-Value Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P-Value
Child age (years) 2.05 (1.44–2.93)  < .0001 1.59 (1.11–2.29) .011 1.97 (1.40–2.80)  < .0001
Child sex
 Girl .74 (.42–1.31) .297 .75 (.41–1.39) .367 .80 (.37–1.74) .560
 Boy (reference) –- –- –- –- –- –-
Child temperament
 Effortful control 1.04 (.69–1.58) .915 .86 (.54–1.36) .508 .90 (.55–1.45) .642
 Negative affectivity 1.20 (.82–1.74) .350 1.21 (.82–1.81) .339 .89 (.60–1.34) .580
 Extraversion 1.28 (.94–1.73) .115 .98 (.71–1.34) .883 .95 (.61–1.48) .815
Parental mediation
 Coviewing 1.65 (.99–2.76) .056 1.22 (.69–2.16) .485 1.10 (.66–1.82) .714
 Restrictive .46 (.29-.75) .002 .43 (.26-.69)  < .0001 .60 (.39-.92) .020
 Instructive .81 (.49–1.34) .409 1.69 (.97–2.94) .066 .99 (.48–2.04) .985
 Parent ST (hours) 1.29 (1.15–1.46)  < .0001 1.08 (.98–1.19) .129 1.04 (.93–1.17) .508
Division of childcare
 Unsatisfied 1.74 (.89–3.4) .106 1.37 (.66–2.87) .397 2.48 (1.15–5.34) .022
 Satisfied (ref) –– –- –- –- –- –-
Parent education
 HS/vocational 1.46 (.62–3.46) .389 1.52 (.63–3.68) .350 3.19 (1.03–9.94) .046
 Bachelors 1.50 (.77–2.94) .234 .93 (.42–2.06) .858 1.97 (.80–4.85) .133
 Graduate (ref) –- –- –- –- –- –-
Family income
 < 60,0000 $ 2.43 (.87–6.80) .092 3.27 (1.32–8.09) .010 1.46 (.45–4.75) .509
 60,000–100,000 $ 1.14 (.58–2.25) .706 1.07 (.49–2.36) .860 .73 (.37–1.46) .368
 > 100,000 $ (ref) –- –- –- –- –-  
Number of children .75 (.53–1.07) .108 .77 (.53–1.13) .177 1.14 (.77–1.68) .511
Remote work parent
 No 2.73 (1.33–5.60) .006 1.29 (.60–2.78) .508 .87 (.45–1.69) .672
 Yes (ref) –- –– –- –- –- –-
Remote work partner
 No .82 (.42–1.60) .563 .99 (.48–2.05) .977 .96 (.41–2.22) .913
 Yes (ref) –- –- –- –- –- –-
Daycare
 Closed 1.18 (.58–2.41) .645 1.39 (.66–2.92) .385 1.14 (.55–2.37) .714
 Open (ref) –- –- –- –- –- –-
  1. ST Screen time hours