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Table 2 The estimated effect of health- and wellness-related factors mediator-variables on children’s swimming ability in association with sociodemographic variables. Odds Ratios (OR) reflect the odds of reported ability to swim 200 m (See also Fig. 1S). Model A. Association between swimming ability and sociodemographic exposures, adjusted for sex. Model B. Association between swimming ability and sociodemographic exposures, adjusted for health- and wellness-related factors and sex

From: What makes children learn how to swim? – health, lifestyle and environmental factors associated with swimming ability among children in the city of Malmö, Sweden

Domain Variable Model A,
OR (95%)
Model B,
OR (95%)
Sociodemographic variables Sex   
Female 1 1
Male 0.93 (0.78, 1.10) 0.89 (0.75, 1.06)
Social Prerequisite Index (IQL)   
Very high 5.43 (3.82, 7.73) 4.11 (2.86, 5.92)
High 3.15 (2.41, 4.12) 2.82 (2.14, 3.72)
Low 1.55 (1.22, 1.97) 1.13 (0.83, 1.53)
Very low 1 1
School Deprivation Index (IQL)   
Very low 2.41 (1.80, 3.23) 2.35 (1.74, 3.18)
Low 2.66 (2.00, 3.53) 2.67 (1.99, 3.57)
High 1.65 (1.33, 207) 1.65 (1.32, 2.08)
Very high 1 1
Health- and behaviour-related mediators Activity score   1.19 (1.13, 1.24)
Outdoor time score   1.19 (1.08, 1.30)
Eating regularity score   1.05 (0.93, 1.04)
Sleep score   0.98 (0.93, 1.04)
Mental wellbeing at school   0.97 (0.88, 1.07)
Work environment at school   1.03 (0.99, 1.08)
Social relations at school   0.93 (0.86, 1.01)
Social relations at home and during free time   1.10 (1.00, 1.20)
Positivity about future   1.22 (1.05, 1.42)