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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of included participants (n = 48,511)

From: Socio-economic determinants of child mortality in Pakistan and the moderating role of household’s wealth index

Descriptive Frequency Percent (%)
Child’s living status
Alive 44,838 92.4
Not alive 3,673 7.6
Household wealth index
Poorer 32,138 66.2
Richer 16,373 33.8
Woman’s education
Less than secondary 35,968 74.2
At least secondary 12,543 25.8
Husband’s education
Less than secondary 22,932 47.3
At least secondary 25,579 52.7
Woman’s empowerment
Less empowered 26,703 55.0
More empowered 21,808 45.0
Unmet need for family planning
No 38,377 79.1
Yes 10,134 20.9
Exposure to mass media
No exposure 27,685 57.1
Exposure 20,826 42.9
Access to safe drinking water
No 36,425 75.1
Yes 12,086 24.9
Access to toilet facility
No access 7,794 16.1
Access 40,717 83.9