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Table 1 Baseline characteristics between groups

From: Effectiveness of mobile application on changing weight, healthy eating habits, and quality of life in children and adolescents with obesity: a randomized controlled trial

Characteristics Intervention Group (n = 35) Standard Care Group (n = 35)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Male, n (%) 24 (69) 24 (69)
Age (years) 13.11 (1.99) 12.81 (1.79)
Weight (kg) 78.27 (20.56) 71.88 (15.43)
Height (cm) 160.94 (11.67) 157.74 (9.74)
BMI (kg/m2) 29.68 (4.09) 28.61 (3.74)
BMI z-score 2.72 (0.49) 2.61 (0.61)
Waist circumference (cm) 96.94 (12.17) 93.96 (10.09)
Setting
 Hospital-based sample, n (%) 19 (54) 18 (51)
 School-based sample, n (%) 16 (46) 17 (49)
Healthy eating habits
 Having 3 meals/day, n (%) 31 (89) 25 (71)
 Eating fruits and vegetables every day, n (%) 14 (40) 7 (20)
 Milk consumption every day, n (%) 16 (46) 15 (43)
 Less frequent consumption of snack (< 3 d/wk), n (%) 11 (31) 15 (43)
 Less frequent consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (< 3 d/wk), n (%) 19 (54) 19 (54)
 Less frequent consumption of fast food (< 3 d/wk), n (%) 26 (74) 18 (51)
PedsQL
 Physical functioning 74.91 (16.63) 74.34 (14.54)
 Emotional functioning 70.29 (16.49) 69.57 (14.11)
 Social functioning 72.43 (19.98) 67.72 (20.63)
 School functioning 72.14 (15.45) 68.42 (15.8)
 Psychosocial health summary score 71.62 (12.59) 68.57 (12.29)
 Total summary score 72.76 (12.02) 70.58 (11.98)
  1. kg kilogram, cm centimeter, m meter, BMI body mass index, d day, wk week, PedsQL The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 Generic Core Scales, SD standard deviation