Skip to main content

Table 4 General demographic and clinical characteristics of children with congenital heart disease who received traditional surgery and minimally invasive surgery reported by parents on their behalf after propensity score matching

From: Effects of minimally invasive and traditional surgeries on the quality of life of children with congenital heart disease: a retrospective propensity score-matched study

General information indicators Treatment mode SMD
(%)
TS
(n = 136)
MIS
(n = 136)
Age (years, x ̅±s) 5.80 ± 3.38 5.89 ± 2.64 2.3
Sex (n, %)    7.4
 Male 79 (58.1) 74 (54.4)  
 Female 57 (41.9) 62 (45.6)  
BMI (x ± s) 15.7 ± 2.54 15.6 ± 3.13 1.3
Type of congenital heart disease (n,%)    2.1
 ASD 19 (14.0) 18 (13.2)  
 VSD 115 (84.6) 116 (85.3)  
 Other 2 (1.5) 2 (1.5)  
Time after operation (months, x ± s) 20.0 ± 20.7 22.1 ± 20.9 10.0
  1. TS Traditional surgery, MIS Minimally invasive surgery, BMI body mass index, ASD atrial septal defect, VSD ventricular septal defect, SMD standardized mean difference