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Table 3 Quality of life scores of children who received traditional surgery and minimally invasive surgery reported by parents by different postoperative period [Median (range)]

From: Effects of minimally invasive and traditional surgeries on the quality of life of children with congenital heart disease: a retrospective propensity score-matched study

Item Problems related to cardiac symptoms and their treatment Drug treatment problems Problems related to perceived physical appearance Problems related to anxiety about treatment Problems related to cognitive psychology Problems related to communication
≤1 month postoperatively TS(n = 62) 88 (50–100) 100 (0–100) 100 (0–100) 94 (25–100) 85 (17–100) 83 (0–100)
MIS(n = 49) 89 (50–100) 100 (8–100) 100 (25–100) 88 (25–100) 83 (30–100) 83 (0–100)
P# 0.5946 0.2369 0.4965 0.6774 0.9568 0.8797
1–6 months postoperatively TS(n = 7) 93 (57–100) 100 (90–100) 92 (75–100) 94 (69–100) 75 (40–100) 100 (42–100)
MIS(n = 15) 86 (61–100) 100 (75–100) 100 (75–100) 100 (69–100) 95 (50–100) 100 (0–100)
P# 0.8029 0.1635 0.1348 0.4712 0.2091 0.6634
6–12 months postoperatively TS(n22=) 89 (57–100) 100 (50–100) 96 (25–100) 78 (38–100) 75 (15–100) 75 (0–100)
MIS(n = 8) 91 (71–100) 100 (92–100) 100 (33–100) 81 (44–100) 87 (45–100) 79 (33–100)
P# 0.5068 0.2398 0.2641 0.9621 0.3948 0.5118
12–36 months postoperatively TS(n = 112) 93 (57–100) 100 (42–100) 100 (33–100) 100 (13–100) 100 (30–100) 100 (0–100)
MIS(n = 87) 96 (68–100) 100 (75–100) 100 (42–100) 100 (31–100) 92 (35–100) 100 (42–100)
P# 0.0096 0.4546 0.0339 0.3231 0.2009 0.9242
> 36 months postoperatively TS(n = 14) 93 (64–96) 100 (83–100) 88 (33–100) 100 (44–100) 71 (20–100) 88 (0–100)
MIS(n = 24) 96 (79–100) 100 (100–100) 96 (50–100) 100 (50–100) 90 (10–100) 100 (50–100)
P# 0.026 0.0216 0.7347 0.0489 0.012 0.0009
  1. TS Traditional surgery, MIS Minimally invasive surgery,#: P value was calculated using Wilcoxon rank sum test