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Table 2 Quality of life scores of children with congenital heart disease who received traditional surgery and minimally invasive surgery reported by parents by different age groups [Median (range)]

From: Effects of minimally invasive and traditional surgeries on the quality of life of children with congenital heart disease: a retrospective propensity score-matched study

Item Problems related to cardiac symptoms and their treatment Drug treatment problems Problems related to perceived physical appearance Problems related to anxiety about treatment Problems related to cognitive psychology Problems related to communication
All ages TS (n = 217) 93(50–100) 100(0–100) 100(0–100) 100(13–100) 90 (15–100) 100 (0–100)
MIS (n = 183) 93 (36–100) 100 (8–100) 100 (25–100) 100 (25–100) 90 (10–100) 100 (0–100)
P 0.0069 0.0395 0.015 0.1413 0.7419 0.108
2–4 years TS (n = 137) 93 (57–100) 100 (0–100) 100 (25–100) 100 (13–100) 100 (17–100) 100 (0–100)
MIS (n = 72) 91 (50–100) 100 (8–100) 100 (50–100) 100 (25–100) 91 (33–100) 100 (0–100)
P 0.8501 0.493 0.2803 0.487 0.3804 0.2275
5–7 years TS (n = 52) 93 (57–100) 100 (58–100) 100 (33–100) 100 (56–100) 90 (15–100) 100 (0–100)
MIS (n = 66) 96 (71–100) 100 (92–100) 100 (42–100) 100 (31–100) 95 (35–100) 100 (33–100)
P 0.0366 0.123 0.0089 0.3442 0.1315 0.0986
8–12 years TS (n = 15) 86 (50–100) 100 (75–100) 83 (0–100) 81 (31–100) 70 (20–100) 75 (0–100)
MIS (n = 36) 93 (35–100) 100 (80–100) 100 (25–100) 100 (44–100) 85 (10–100) 100 (17–100)
P 0.0396 0.0095 0.0228 0.0072 0.1288 0.0017
13–18 years TS (n = 13) 79 (50–100) 95 (70–100) 92 (33–100) 81 (31–100) 75 (40–100) 100 (42–100)
MIS (n = 9) 93 (57–100) 100 (80–100) 100 (75–100) 94 (56–100) 80 (30–100) 100 (83–100)
P 0.1307 0.0737 0.28 0.3581 0.6868 0.5226
  1. TS Traditional surgery, MIS Minimally invasive surgery, #: P value was calculated using Wilcoxon rank sum test