Skip to main content

Table 1 General demographic and clinical characteristics of children with congenital heart disease who received traditional surgery or minimally invasive surgery whose parents have completed questionnaires (n = 400)

From: Effects of minimally invasive and traditional surgeries on the quality of life of children with congenital heart disease: a retrospective propensity score-matched study

General information indicators Treatment groups
TS
(n = 217)
MIS
(n = 183)
Age (years, x ̅±s) 5.4 ± 3.1 6.5 ± 3.5
Age group (n, %)
 2–4 years 137 (63.1) 72 (39.3)
 5–7 years 52 (24.0) 66 (36.1)
 8–12 years 15 (6.9) 36 (19.7)
 13–18 years 13 (6.0) 9 (4.9)
Sex (n, %)
 Male 112 (51.6) 72 (39.3)
 Female 105 (48.4) 111 (60.7)
BMI (x ± s) 16.1 ± 3.4 15.8 ± 3.3
Type of congenital heart disease (n, %)
 ASD 42 (19.4) 20 (10.9)
 VSD 173 (79.7) 144 (78.7)
 Other 2 (0.9) 19 (10.4)
Time after operation (months, x ± s) 19.1 ± 20.1 22.1 ± 20.8
  1. TS Traditional surgery, MIS Minimally invasive surgery, BMI body mass index, ASD atrial septal defect, VSD ventricular septal defect