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Table 1 Descriptive data analysis I: Child

From: A cross-sectional, exploratory survey on health-relevant free-time activities and body mass index in preschool children in urban and rural settings of Austria

   Total Urban Rural p p-adjust
(n = 130) (n = 58) (n = 72)
Gender male 50% (65) 51.7% (30) 48.6% (35) 0.7284 1
  female 50% (65) 48.3% (28) 51.4% (37)
Age years 4.5 (3-5.5) 4 (3-5.5) 4.5 (3-5.5) 0.059 0.649
Birth order firstborn 48.5% (63) 50% (39) 47.2% (34) 0.3288 1
lastborn 41.5% (54) 43.1% (25) 40.3% (29)
other 10% (13) 6.9% (4) 12.5% (9)
Weight kilogramm 18 (11.9-30.3) 16.5 (12.9-25.8) 18.7 (11.9-30.3) 0.149 1
Height meters 1.07 (0.9-1.23) 1.05 (0.9-1.22) 1.1 (0.92-1.23) 0.435 1
BMI kg/m2 15.82 (12.42-20.83) 15.83 (12.42-20.83) 15.81 (13.06-20.34) 0.535 1
Weight class underweight 4.7% (6) 7% (4) 2.8% (2) 0.4558 1
normalweight 84.5% (109) 86% (49) 83.3% (60)
overweight w/o obesity 7% (9) 5.3% (3) 8.3% (6)
obesity 3.9% (5) 1.8% (1) 5.6% (4)
Physical activity hours/week 12 (0-40) 12 (4-40) 12 (0-32) 0.746 1
Organized exercise hours/week 0 (0-10) 0 (0-5) 1 (0-10) 0.001* 0.016*
Spontaneous exercise hours/week 10 (2-40) 11 (3-40) 10 (2-30) 0.381 1
Sedentary behaviors hours/week 13 (1-34) 14.5 (4-34) 10.75 (1-30) 0.010* 0.13
Sedentary activity hours/week 7 (0-28) 10 (0-21) 7 (1-28) 0.030* 0.36
Media consumption hours/week 4 (0-16) 5 (0-16) 4 (0-10) 0.007* 0.098
  1. Categorial data: frequency in%, (absolute number); 2-sided p-value Fisher’s Exact Test; Quantitative data: median (min - max); 2-sided p-value Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U test; * p-value <0.05. p-adjust value after Bonferroni correction. Urban n = 58, rural n = 72, except for Physical activity: rural n = 81