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Table 1 Socio- demographics and baseline characteristics of preterm neonates and their caretakers

From: Poor weight gain and its predictors among preterm neonates admitted at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania: a prospective cohort study

Variables N = 227 %
Characteristics of the preterm neonate.
Sex
  Male 102 44.9
  Female 125 55.1
Birth Weighta
  ELBW 21 9.3
  VLBW 77 33.9
  LBW 129 56.8
Mode of deliveryb
  LSCS 83 36.6
  SVD 144 63.4
GA
  Early preterm (< 33 weeks) 113 49.8
  Late preterm (≥ 33–36 weeks) 114 50.2
Duration of hospital stay, (days)
   ≤ 7 35 15.4
  14–21 12 5.3
  21–28 180 79.3
Co-morbidity
  Yes 108 47.6
  No 119 52.4
Neonatal Outcomes
  Death 20 8.8
  Discharged or alive at end of the study 207 91.2
Place of delivery
  MNH 170 74.9
  Others 57 25.1
Characteristics of the caretaker
Age (mother)
  18–30 149 65.6
  30–45 75 33.0
  46+ 3 1.4
Age (father)
  18–30 109 48
  31–45 104 45.8
  46+ 14 6.2
Level of education (mother)
  No formal education 10 4.4
  Primary school 116 51.1
  Secondary school 84 37.0
  Post-secondary/university 17 7.5
Level of education (father)
  No formal education 3 1.3
  Primary school 86 37.9
  Secondary school 98 43.2
  Post-secondary/university 40 17.6
Occupation of mother
  Housewife 90 39.7
  Peasant 11 4.8
  Government 7 3.1
  Private sector 20 8.8
  Self-employment 99 43.6
Occupation of father
  Peasant 6 2.7
  Government 22 9.7
  Private sector 40 17.6
  Self-employment 159 70.0
# of children mother has
  One 75 33.0
  Two 57 25.1
  Three 47 20.7
  > Three 48 21.2
  Median (IQR) 2 (1, 3)
Previous history of preterm
  Yes 25 11.0
  No 202 89.0
  1. aBirth weight is categorized into extremely low birth weight (ELBW); Very low birth weight (VLBW) and Low birth weight (LBW)
  2. bMode of delivery is categorized into lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) and Spontaneous vaginal delivery (SVD)