Skip to main content

Table 2 Participants’ characteristic at the end of the follow-up

From: Comparison analysis of childhood body mass index cut-offs in predicting adulthood carotid intima media thickness: Tehran lipid and glucose study

  WHO CDC Local IOTF International IOTF
Normal weight Overweight Obese Normal weight Overweight Obese Normal weight Overweight Obese Normal weight Overweight Obese
Age at IMT measurement (years) 29.6 ± 4.1† 30.6 ± 3.7* 29.8 ± 3.7 30.7 ± 3.2† 31.1 ± 3.3 31.6 ± 3.2** 29.6 ± 4.1 30.1 ± 4.2 30.1 ± 3.5 29.5 ± 4.1† 31.1 ± 3.4* 29.8 ± 3.9
Weight (kg) 72.2 ± 14.9† 83.2 ± 17* 92.5 ± 23.12** 73.1 ± 14.9† 83.0 ± 16.2* 91.6 ± 22.8** 72.0 ± 14.8† 82.2 ± 16.7* 92.3 ± 22.2** 72.6 ± 15.2† 83.5 ± 16.9* 94.3 ± 24.1**
BMI (kg /m2) 25.2 ± 3.99† 29.1 ± 4.3* 32.5 ± 7.0** 25.5 ± 3.9† 29.1 ± 3.9* 32.3 ± 6.6** 25.1 ± 3.9† 28.9 ± 4.4* 32.0 ± 6.7** 25.3 ± 4.1† 29.3 ± 4.3* 33.2 ± 7.4**
WC (cm) 86.5 ± 10.8† 94.9 ± 12.4* 100.8 ± 16.1** 87.4 ± 10.6† 95.3 ± 12.3* 100.5 ± 15.6** 86.4 ± 10.7† 93.9 ± 12.6* 100.5 ± 15.5** 86.7 ± 10.9† 95.1 ± 12.4* 102.3 ± 16.8**
Abdominal obesity (%) 366 (36.8) † 122 (63.2) * 67 (79.8)** 346 (39.6)† 82 (66.7) * 72 (74.2)** 354 (36.6) † 125 (61.3)* 76 (76.8)** 378 (37.6) 117 (66.1)* 51 (79.7) **
SBP (mmHg) 106.7 ± 12.0† 107.9 ± 11.7 113.7 ± 14.1** 106.8 ± 11.9† 107.1 ± 11.6 113.6 ± 14.1** 106.7 ± 11.9† 107.5 ± 12.2 113.8 ± 13.5** 106.8 ± 12.0† 107.9 ± 11.5 114.9 ± 14.5**
DBP (mmHg) 72.5 ± 8.9† 73.4 ± 9.5 75.6 ± 12** 72.7 ± 8.8† 73.0 ± 9.8 76.2 ± 11.9** 72.5 ± 8.9† 72.9 ± 9.4 75.9 ± 11.6** 72.5 ± 8.9† 73.5 ± 9.8 76.0 ± 12.4**
Hypertension, n(%) 35 (3.7)† 9 (4.8) 10 (13.3) ** 30 (3.6)† 6 (5.0) 12 (13.2)** 34 (3.7)† 9 (4.5) 11 (12.2)** 38 (3.8)† 8 (4.7) 8 (14.0)**
FPG (mg/dl) 88.5 ± 9.1† 89.9 ± 11.6 90.7 ± 13.7 88.6 ± 10.0 89.7 ± 9.5 90.8 ± 13.2 88.5 ± 9.1 89.5 ± 11.6 90.3 ± 12.9 88.5 ± 9.2 89.9 ± 11.7 90.6 ± 14.8
TC (mg/dL) 172.2 ± 33.6 176.5 ± 33.4 174.7 ± 35.6 174.4 ± 33.6 176.1 ± 34.5 177.1 ± 36.9 172.1 ± 33.7 176.3 ± 31.5 175.5 ± 37.5 172.6 ± 33.4 173.3 ± 34.7 179.1 ± 35.6
TG (mg/dl)a 94
(68–138.5)†
108
(79–154)*
107.5
(75.3–159.8)
98
(70–142)†
107
(73–154)
120
(83.5–171)**
94
(68–139)†
106.5
(79–154) *
108
(76–156) **
95
(69–139) †
105
(73.3–151)*
114.5
(78.3–172.5)**
HDL-C (mg/dl) 48.2 ± 11.1† 45.2 ± 10.1* 45.4 ± 10.2 47.8 ± 11.1† 45.4 ± 10.2 44.4 ± 10.7** 48.3 ± 11.0† 45.4 ± 10.6* 45.1 ± 10** 48.1 ± 11.0† 44.9 ± 10.1* 45.2 ± 10.5
LDL-C (mg/dl) 101.2 ± 28.1 105.8 ± 29.7 103.9 ± 32.3 103.3 ± 28.2 104.8 ± 30.6 105.4 ± 33.1 101.0 ± 28.2 105.6 ± 27.7 104.8 ± 33.8 101.6 ± 28.0 103.2 ± 30.4 107.3 ± 33.4
Smoking, n(%) 173 (17.7) † 47 (24.1) 24 (29.3)** 159 (18.3) † 32 (25.4) 28 (28.9)** 169 (17.8) † 47 (22.9) 28 (28.9)** 182 (18.0) † 43 (23.9) 19 (30.6)**
CIMT (mm) 0.55 ± 0.1† 0.56 ± 0.1 0.58 ± 0.1** 0.55 ± 0.09† 0.56 ± 0.09 0.59 ± 0.1** 0.55 ± 0.09† 0.56 ± 0.09 0.58 ± 0.1** 0.55 ± 0.09† 0.57 ± 0.1* 0.59 ± 0.1**
  1. WHO World Health Organization, CDC Center for Disease Control and Prevention, IOTF International Obesity Task Force, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, CIMT Carotid Intima Media Thickness
  2. Data are given as the mean (SD) or median (IQ 25–75) unless otherwise indicated (a)
  3. * P value< 0.05 comparison between Normal weight and Over weight
  4. ** P value< 0.05 comparison between Normal weight and Obese
  5. P ANOVA < 0.05