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Table 1 Baseline characteristic of the participants

From: Comparison analysis of childhood body mass index cut-offs in predicting adulthood carotid intima media thickness: Tehran lipid and glucose study

  WHO CDC Local IOTF International IOTF
Normal weight Overweight Obese Normal weight Overweight Obese Normal weight Overweight Obese Normal weight Overweight Obese
N (%) 1011 (78.1) 199 (15.4) 85 (6.6) 889 (79.7) 128 (11.5) 98 (8.5) 984 (76) 211 (16.3) 100 (7.7) 1048 (80.9) 182 (14.1) 65 (5.0)
Male (%) 523 (51.7) 96 (48.2) 51 (60) 463 (52.1) 60 (46.9) 55 (56.1) 513 (52.1)† 94 (44.5) 63 (63) 545 (52.0) 88 (48.4) 37 (56.9)
Age (years) 10.7 ± 4.1† 11.9 ± 3.6* 11.1 ± 3.7 11.9 ± 3.1† 12.3 ± 3.1 13.0 ± 3.0** 10.8 ± 4.1 11.4 ± 4.1 11.4 ± 3.6 10.7 ± 4.1† 12.3 ± 3.4* 11.1 ± 3.8
Weight (kg) 36.5 ± 14.9† 52.4 ± 18.2* 59.8 ± 21.1** 40.2 ± 13.2† 54.0 ± 15.7* 67.9 ± 15.6** 36.5 ± 14.7† 49.7 ± 19.3* 60.4 ± 20.2** 36.6 ± 14.9† 55.5 ± 17.2* 62.1 ± 21.7**
BMI (kg /m2) 17.2 ± 2.5† 22.5 ± 3.2* 27.3 ± 6.5** 17.70 ± 2.5† 22.8 ± 2.4* 28.3 ± 5.3** 17.1 ± 2.5† 21.9 ± 3.3* 26.9 ± 6.1** 17.3 ± 2.6† 23.4 ± 2.9* 28.3 ± 6.9**
WC (cm) 61.2 ± 8.6† 73.1 ± 10.1* 81.6 ± 13.9** 62.5 ± 8.1† 74.4 ± 8.3* 83.5 ± 11.6** 61.1 ± 8.4† 72.4 ± 10.1* 80.9 ± 13.3** 61.4 ± 8.6† 75.0 ± 9.6* 82.9 ± 14.7**
Abdominal obesity (%) 23 (2.7)† 67 (36.6)* 66 (85.7)** 29 (3.3)† 49 (38.3)* 78 (79.6)** 21 (2.5)† 60 (33.0)* 75 (81.5)** 27 (3.1)† 76 (44.4)* 53 (89.8)**
SBP (mmHg) 102.6 ± 11.3† 107.5 ± 12.2* 110.9 ± 11.9** 103.5 ± 10.8† 107.9 ± 12.5* 112.6 ± 11.9** 102.7 ± 11.3† 106.2 ± 12.1* 111.6 ± 12** 102.8 ± 11.4† 107.1 ± 11.5* 112.7 ± 11.6**
DBP (mmHg) 69.4 ± 9.5† 72.6 ± 8.7* 73.9 ± 10.7** 70.0 ± 9.4† 72.9 ± 8.8* 73.9 ± 10.4** 69.4 ± 9.5† 71.9 ± 8.9* 74.3 ± 10.6** 69.6 ± 9.6† 72.3 ± 9.0* 75.0 ± 9.9**
Hypertension (%) 144 (14.6)† 32 (16.3) 27 (32.1)** 105 (12.0)† 21 (16.7) 21 (21.4)** 138 (14.4)† 34 (16.5) 31 (31.3)** 154 (15.1)† 27 (15.0) 22 (33.8)**
FPG (mg/dl) 86.86 ± 8.28† 88.8 ± 7.7* 90.2 ± 7.5** 87.8 ± 7.9 88.7 ± 7.2 89.6 ± 8.1 86.9 ± 8.2† 87.9 ± 8.0 90.6 ± 7.7** 86.9 ± 8.3† 89.0 ± 7.8* 90.60 ± 7.42**
TC (mg/dL) 166.5 ± 30.2† 179.5 ± 31.0* 185.6 ± 38.1** 166.1 ± 30.7† 179.8 ± 31* 186.4 ± 37.4** 166.1 ± 30.2† 180.2 ± 30.8* 183.6 ± 37.1** 166.8 ± 30.2† 179.1 ± 30.5* 189.7 ± 41.6**
TG (mg/dl)a 87.5
(67–116)†
112
(86–154.5)*
145
(91–187)**
89
(67–117)†
112
(86.5–154.5)*
151.5
(98.8–195.3)**
87
(66–115)†
110
(86–151.5)*
138
(89.5–181)**
88
(67–116)†
113.5
(86.8–161)*
146
(97.5–188.5)**
HDL-C (mg/dl) 45.1 ± 10.9† 41.4 ± 9.5* 40.2 ± 8.9** 45.1 ± 10.8† 40.6 ± 8.8* 39.3 ± 9.5** 45.2 ± 10.8† 41.7 ± 10* 40.0 ± 8.6** 45.1 ± 10.8† 40.7 ± 9.4* 40.3 ± 8.9**
LDL-C (mg/dl) 101.6 ± 26.9† 112.4 ± 27.8* 116.5 ± 34.0** 101.1 ± 27.4† 113.7 ± 27.3* 115.5 ± 33.6** 101.4 ± 26.9† 113.1 ± 27.3* 114.6 ± 33.0** 101.9 ± 26.9† 111.8 ± 26.9* 119.8 ± 37.5**
Family history CVD (%) 31 (3.1)† 14 (7.1)* 2 (2.4) 30 (3.4)† 12 (9.5)* 3 (3.1) 30 (3.1)† 14 (6.7)* 3 (3.1) 32 (3.1)† 13 (7.3)* 2 (3.1)
  1. WHO World Health Organization, CDC Center for Disease Control and Prevention, IOTF International Obesity Task Force, CVD Cardio vascular disease, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, TC Total cholesterol, TG Triglycerides, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. Data are given as the mean ± SD or median (IQ 25–75) unless otherwise indicated (a)
  3. *P value< 0.05 comparison between Normal weight and Over weight
  4. ** P value< 0.05 comparison between Normal weight and Obese
  5. P ANOVA < 0.05