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Table 2 General and systemic clinical manifestations of patients

From: Clinical spectrum and predictors of severity of dengue among children in 2019 outbreak: a multicenter hospital-based study in Bangladesh

Variable Non-severe
n (%)
Severe
n (%)
p Total
n (%)
Total 135 (71.1) 55 (28.9)   190 (100%)
General manifestations
Fever and associated features
  Fever 135 (100) 55 (100)   190 (100%)
  Highest recorded temperature (F) 103.3 ± 1.2 103.3 ± 1.3 0.895 103.3 ± 1.2
  Duration of fever (days) 5.1 ± 2.0 6.2 ± 4.1 0.043 5.4 ± 2.8
  Lethargy 101 (79.5) 40 (75.5) 0.547 141 (78.3)
  Headache 91 (69.5) 35 (63.6) 0.438 126 (67.7)
  Backache 52 (40.3) 14 (27.5) 0.107 66 (36.7)
  Retroorbital pain 44 (33.8) 19 (35.8) 0.796 63 (34.4)
Muco-cutaneous manifestations
  Itching 44 (33.3) 18 (32.7) 0.936 62 (33.2)
  Mouth sores 31 (23.5) 22 (40.0) 0.022 53 (28.3)
  Rash 34 (25.4) 18 (33.3) 0.270 52 (27.7)
Joint manifestations
  Arthralgia 54 (41.2) 21 (39.6) 0.842 75 (40.8)
Danger ‘signs’
Gastrointestinal features
  Vomiting 107 (79.9) 45 (81.8) 0.757 152 (80.4)
  Decreased appetite 109 (80.7) 42 (76.4) 0.498 151 (79.5)
  Constipation 36 (72.5) 38 (73.1) 0.939 133 (72.7)
  Abdominal Pain 86 (64.7) 36 (65.5) 0.917 122 (64.9)
  Loose motion 61 (45.2) 20 (37.0) 0.307 81 (42.9)
Hemorrhagic manifestation
  Any Hemorrhage 23 (18.4) 19 (36.5) 0.010 42 (23.7)
  Nasal bleeding (Epistaxis) 8 (5.9) 4 (7.3) 0.729 12 (6.3)
  Malena 3 (2.2) 8 (14.5) 0.001 11 (5.8)
Unusual manifestations
Neurological symptoms
  Confusion 28 (21.1) 12 (22.2) 0.860 40 (21.4)
  Blurring of vision 16 (12.0) 12 (21.8) 0.086 28 (14.9)
Others
  Palpitation 11 (8.4) 11 (20.4) 0.022 22 (11.9)
Signs
 Anemia/Pallor 18 (14.3) 9 (17.0) 0.646 27 (15.1)
 Dehydration 13 (10.4) 8 (15.7) 0.326 21 (11.9)
Features of plasma leakage and shock
 Clinical accumulation of fluid 12 (9.3) 17 (31.5) < 0.001 29 (15.8)
 Cold clammy skin 48 (37.2) 39 (72.2) < 0.001 87 (47.5)
 Excessive sweating 52 (40.0) 23 (42.6) 0.745 75 (40.8)
 Oliguria/Anuria 27 (20.8) 21 (39.6) 0.009 48 (26.2)
 Dyspnea 17 (12.8) 14 (25.9) 0.028 31 (16.6)
 Loss of/impaired consciousness 3 (2.4) 11 (20.4) < 0.001 14 (7.7)
  1. Data is presented as mean ± SD and n (%) as appropriate; Percentage is expressed among available responses (after excluding missing values)
  2. p value determined by chi-square test and independent samples t test as appropriate