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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of neonates included in the study

From: Clinical experience of use of percutaneous peripheral arterial cannulation in sick neonates in a developing country

Total number of neonates studied (n) 116
Total number of peripheral arterial cannulations (PAC) 124
Gestational age (Mean, SD) 32.8 ± 3.5
Birth weight (Mean, SD) 1870.48 ± 741.41
PAC as per gestational age
 GA < 28 weeks 16 (12.9%)
 GA 28–31 + 6 weeks 40 (32.2%)
 GA 32–36 weeks 52 (41.9%)
 GA > 36 weeks 16 (12.9%)
PAC as per birth weight
 BW 750–1000 g 8 (6.4%)
 BW 1001–1500 g 44 (35.4%)
 BW 1501–2500 g 52 (41.9%)
 BW > 2500 g 20 (16.1%)
Total number of arterial lines inserted
 Radial arterial line 108 (87.1%)
 Ulnar arterial line 0
 Posterior tibial arterial line 16 (12.9%)
 Duration of peripheral arterial line, (mean, SD) 52.65 ± 23.17
 Number of infants on vasoactive medications 26 (22.4%)
Indication for PAC
 BP monitoring and titration of vasoactive medications 26 (20.9%)
 Sampling 98 (79.1%)
Reason for removal of PAC
 Elective removal due to lack of need for PAC 98 (79%)
 Does not bleed back Or Dampening of tracing 20 (16.1%)
Non elective removal due to complications 6 (4.9%)