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Table 2 Gender-specific associations between maternal pregnancy-related anxiety during the third trimester and emotional symptoms, hyperactivity in 4 years old children

From: Gender-specific associations of pregnancy-related anxiety with placental epigenetic patterning of glucocorticoid response genes and preschooler’s emotional symptoms and hyperactivity

Prenatal-related anxiety Emotional Symptoms Hyperactivity
Normal Borderline and Abnormal ORa(95%CI) Pa Normal Borderline and Abnormal ORa(95%CI) Pa
Boys
 No 735(84.1) 139(15.9) 1.00   724(82.8) 150(17.2) 1.00  
 Yes 290(80.6) 70(19.4) 1.21(0.86,1.69) 0.269 271(75.3) 89(24.7) 1.54(1.13,2.11) 0.007
Girls
 No 695(85.0) 123(15.0) 1.00   719(87.9) 99(12.1) 1.00  
 Yes 269(76.2) 84(23.8) 1.61(1.15,2.24) 0.005 298(84.4) 55(15.6) 1.13(0.76,1.66) 0.551
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio
  2. a represents that these ORs adjusted by maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI, Gestational weight gain, education, family monthly income, smoking, drinking, gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, delivery mode and exclusive breastfeeding at first 6 months