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Table 3 Health risk behaviours among male adolescents in 2007, 2012 and 2018 in Argentina

From: Health risk behaviours among adolescents in Argentina: trends between 2007, 2012 and 2018 national cross-sectional school surveys

Outcome variable 2007 2012 2018 Differencea p-for trendb
  % % %   
Body weight and dietary behaviour
 Overweight/obesity 21.5 35.0 35.2 +13.7 <0.001
 Obesity 3.0 8.9 9.7 +6.7 <0.001
 Fruits <2 times/day 70.6 64.6 79.6 +9.0 <0.001
 Vegetable <3 times/day 92.3 87.6 89.9 -2.4 0.076
 Went hungry (mostly/always) 4.3 4.6 2.3 -2.0 0.013
Physical activity and sedentary behaviour
 Physical inactivity 82.7 78.1 79.6 -3.1 0.220
 Leisure-time sedentary behaviour 44.7 46.9 52.8 +8.1 0.003
 0 days walk or bike to school 27.0 31.3 30.0 +3.0 0.485
Substance use
 Parental tobacco use 38.4 37.6 33.8 -4.6 0.036
 Current cigarette use 24.3 19.2 17.2 -7.1 <0.001
 Current other tobacco use 8.3 8.8 8.2 -0.1 0.965
 Passive smoking 77.9 71.0 64.3 -13.6 <0.001
 Current alcohol use 61.5 52.0 52.4 -9.1 0.008
 Lifetime drunk 38.7 32.8 35.7 -3.0 0.299
 Trouble from alcohol use 25.2 22.3 12.6 -12.6 <0.001
Injury and violence
 Any serious injury 42.2 42.4 38.4 -3.8 0.157
 Bullied 26.6 24.3 29.7 +3.1 0.094
 In physical fight 43.8 44.7 33.3 -10.5 <0.001
 Physically attacked 30.2 30.4 19.3 -10.9 <0.001
Poor mental health
 Having no close friends 4.5 6.6 5.9 +1.4 0.073
 Loneliness 7.5 5.8 10.1 +2.6 0.053
 Worry-induced sleep disturbance 7.6 5.7 8.1 +0.5 0.362
 Suicidal ideation 14.0 11.7 13.8 -0.2 0.773
 Suicide plan 11.2 11.9 11.0 -0.2 0.960
Sexual behaviour
 Ever sex 44.4 48.2 48.2 +3.8 0.298
 Multiple sexual partners 34.8 25.9 28.4 -6.4 0.036
 Non-condom use 10.2 8.9 7.7 -2.5 0.055
Protective factors
 School attendance 60.0 65.9 68.3 +8.3 0.002
 Peer support (mostly/always) 50.1 47.1 46.8 -3.3 0.316
 Parents/guardians supervision (mostly/always) 37.7 32.4 30.4 -7.3 0.005
 Parents/guardians connectedness (mostly/always) 52.6 46.8 42.9 -9.7 <0.001
 Parents/guardians bonding (mostly/always) 53.9 49.6 53.2 -0.7 0.837
  1. aDifference between 2007 and 2018; bAdjusted for age and socioeconomic status (food insecurity)