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Table 2 Clinical outcome comparison between the groups following the left coronary transfer procedure

From: The salutary effect of peritoneal dialysis catheters on enhanced recovery among high-risk pediatric patients undergoing the left coronary transfer procedure: a cohort study

  No PDC (n = 67) PDC (n = 17) P
Variance of fluid balance
  POD 1a, n (%)    0.212
  Negative 8 (11.9) 2 (12.5)  
  0–5% 39 (58.2) 5 (21.3)  
  5–10% 15 (22.4) 6 (37.5)  
  >10% 5 (7.5) 3 (18.8)  
POD 2 a, n (%)    0.266
  Negative 55 (82.1) 10 (62.5)  
  0–5% 10 (14.9) 5 (31.3)  
  5–10% 2 (3.0) 1 (6.3)  
  >10% 0 (0) 0 (0)  
POD 3 a, n (%)
  Negative 46 (68.7) 14 (87.5) 0.227
  0–5% 19 (28.4) 2 (12.5)  
  5–10% 2 (3.0) 0 (0)  
  >10% 0 (0) 0 (0)  
  Negative fluid balance by cumulative 3 days, n (%) 20 (29.9) 6 (37.5) 0.553
VIS score, median (IQR)
  1 h 12.0 (8.8, 15.3) 20.5 (17.5, 23.0) < 0.001
  6 h 12.5 (10.0, 18.0) 17.3 (13.3, 20.5) 0.024
  12 h 11.5 (8.0, 17.0) 19.0 (12.0, 22.0) 0.012
  24 h 12.0 (8.0, 16.0) 22.0 (14.5, 23.4) 0.002
  48 h 9.5 (2.0, 13.0) 16.0 (12.3, 17.0) < 0.001
  AKI, n (%) 42 (62.7) 14 (82.4) 0.124
  Severe AKI, n (%) 12 (17.9) 9 (52.9) 0.008
  Injury 10 (83.3) 8 (88.9)  
  Failure 2 (16.7) 1 (11.1)  
  Duration of MV, h, median (IQR) 17.0 (8.0, 27.0) 231.0 (97.5, 969.5) < 0.001
  Prolonged MV ≥100 h, n (%) 7 (10.4) 13 (76.5) < 0.001
  Change in LVEF until hospital dischargeb, median (IQR) 0 (−7.4, 13.5) 49.4 (7.0, 80.7) 0.001
  The entire hospital LOS, d, median (IQR) 8.0 (7.0, 11.0) 28.0 (18.0, 91.0) < 0.001
  POD-ICU LOS, d, median (IQR) 2.0 (1.0, 5.0) 20.0 (8.5, 62.0) < 0.001
  POD-general ward LOS, d, median (IQR)b 6.0 (5.0, 7.0) 10.0 (7.0, 21.0) < 0.001
  LOS ratio of ward/hospitalb, median (IQR) 0.71(0.50, 0.86) 0.39 (0.20, 0.50) < 0.001
  LOS ratio of ward/ICUb, median (IQR) 2.5 (1.0, 6.0) 0.65 (0.25, 1.0) < 0.001
1-year follow up
  Change in LVEFb, %, median (IQR) 6.7 (−3.1, 44.7) 120.8 (50.0, 203.4) < 0.001
  Improvement of mitral regurgitationb, n (%) 43 (64.2) 8 (53.3) 0.434
  1. aOne child was excluded in the PDC group who underwent catheter placement on POD 7. bTwo children were not included in the PDC group because both died in the ICU before their readmission to the ward. PDC peritoneal dialysis catheter; POD postoperative day; VIS vasoactive-inotropic score; AKI acute kidney injury; MV mechanical ventilation; LOS length of stay; ICU intensive care unit; h hours; d days; LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction; IQR interquartile range; SD standard deviation