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Table 1 Sample characteristics (N = 6815)

From: Effective nutrition governance is correlated with better nutrition outcomes in Nepal

Variable 2014 (Panel 2) 2016 (Panel 4)
N Mean / % 95% CL Min Max N Mean / % 95% CL Min Max
NGI 6815 52.36 50.21 54.50 43.54 62.68 7051 52.25 49.90 54.60 43.54 62.68
Market distancea 6815 0.52 0.22 0.81 0.02 2.07 7051 0.52 0.21 0.83 0.02 2.07
Women’s characteristics
 Education (years) 5947 3.61 2.60 4.61 0.00 17.00 6255 4.40 3.21 5.58 0.00 18.00
 BMI 5943 20.60 19.98 21.21 13.10 47.01 6245 21.16 20.42 21.90 13.71 38.59
 Age (years) 5953 27.42 26.68 28.16 10.00 76.00 6258 27.34 26.71 27.97 13.00 80.00
Children’s characteristics
 Sex
  Female 3212 47.13 - - - - 3318 47.07 - - - -
  Male 3603 52.87 - - - - 3731 52.93 - - - -
 Weight (kg) 6383 11.20 10.97 11.43 1.70 30.00 6661 11.46 11.23 11.68 1.50 24.00
 Age (months) 6803 35.60 34.73 36.46 0.00 72.00 7032 36.89 35.88 37.90 0.00 75.00
 Age categories
   ≤ 24 months 2345 34.47 - - - - 2298 32.68 - - - -
   > 24 months 4458 65.53 - - - - 4734 67.32 - - - -
 HAZ 6342 -1.54 -1.57 -1.51 -5.97 5.75 6608 -1.44 -1.47 -1.41 -5.96 4.52
 WHZ 5481 -1.01 -1.04 -0.99 -4.89 3.94 5565 -0.91 -0.93 -0.88 -4.98 3.72
 Stunted 6344 37.11 35.92 38.29 - - 6610 33.98 32.84 35.12 - -
 Wasted 5481 16.29 15.31 17.27 - - 5565 13.60 12.70 14.50 - -
 CDDSb 6418 4.63 4.39 4.87 0.00 7.00 6706 4.86 4.67 5.06 0.00 7.00
 Child visited health facility (no. of times) 6363 3.38 2.56 4.20 0.00 20.00 6600 3.49 3.02 3.95 0.00 22.00
 No feverd
  High 829 12.92 - - - - 1188 17.72 - - - -
  Low 1864 29.04 - - - - 2199 32.80 - - - -
 HFIASc
  Food secure 4634 72.24 - - - - 5303 79.10 - - - -
  Mild food insecurity 959 14.95 - - - - 606 9.04 - - - -
  Moderate food insecurity 612 9.54 - - - - 540 8.05 - - - -
  Severe food insecurity 210 3.27 - - - - 255 3.80 - - - -
  1. aMedian distance to markets within VDCs
  2. bChild’s diet diversity based on 7-day food frequency recall [31]
  3. cHousehold Food Insecurity and Access Scale
  4. dChild had no fever in the past 30 days