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Table 4 Top 5 SUDI Factors by Regions (Nā€‰=ā€‰218)

From: Cultural variation in factors associated with sudden infant death during sleep

Factors Regions Total (N=218)
Asia (n=38) America (n=81) Europe (n=70) Oceania (n=29)
TRM 1: Vulnerability of infant Male sex 7 (18.4) 28 (34.6) 25 (35.7) 7 (24.1) 67 (30.7)
Prenatal smoking 2 (5.3) 23 (28.4) 34 (48.6) 6 (20.7) 65 (29.8)
Short gestation 3 (7.9) 18 (22.2) 26 (37.1) 6 (20.7) 53 (24.3)
Ethnicity 1 (2.6) 28 (34.6) 6 (8.6) 4 (13.8) 39 (17.9)
Brainstem problems 15 (39.5) 7 (8.6) 5 (7.1) 1 (3.4) 28 (12.9)
M (SD) per article
(0~39)
1.6 (1.2) 2.0 (2.6) 2.5 (2.4) 1.3 (1.6) F = 2.661 (p = .049)
2.0 (2.3)
TRM 2: Exogenous stressors Sleep position 14 (36.8) 39 (48.1) 30 (42.9) 13 (44.8) 96 (44.0)
Bed-sharing 5 (13.2) 24 (29.6) 13 (18.6) 6 (20.7) 48 (22.0)
Environmental smoking 3 (7.9) 14 (17.3) 22 (31.4) 7 (24.1) 46 (21.1)
Parental age 3 (7.9) 16 (19.8) 19 (27.1) 5 (17.2) 43 (19.7)
Feeding type 1 (2.6) 8 (9.9) 20 (28.6) 8 (27.6) 37 (17.0)
M (SD) per article
(0~44)
2.5 (3.3) 3.0 (3.2) 4.7 (5.3) 2.8 (3.4) F = 3.537 (p =.016)
3.4 (4.1)
TRM 3: Critical period Mentioned 10 (26.3) 24 (29.6) 33 (47.1) 2 (6.9) 69 (31.7)
M (SD) per article
(0~1)
0.3 (0.4) 0.3 (0.5) 0.5 (0.5) 0.1 (0.3) F = 5.892 (p =.001)
0.3 (0.5)
M (SD) of all factors per article
(0~84)
4.3 (3.8) 5.3 (4.8) 7.7 (7.3) 4.2 (4.5) F = 4.653 (p =.004)
5.7 (5.7)
  1. SUDI=Sudden unexpected death in infancy