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Table 7 Regression Analyses Predicting Overall Quality and Specific Quality Determinants of the Diagnostic Evaluation Trajectory

From: The diagnostic trajectory in autism and intellectual disability in Quebec: pathways and parents’ perspective

Predictor Phase 1 Phase 2 Overall Trajectory
Continuity Access Flexibility Validity Empathy
Systemic
 Age at first concern −1.57 .44 −.34 −.65 −1.33 − 1.49 − 1.85*
 Age at diagnosis 2.14* −.58 .48 1.05 1.83 1.98 2.55*
 Time elapsed between first concerns and diagnosis −1.99* .44 −.56 −.97 − 1.67 − 1.84* −2.31*
 Number of professionals consulted −.13* .09 −.01 −.02 −.04 .00 −.05
 Receiving information on autism .12 .25* .12 .08 .12 .17* .06
 Receiving punctual services (mostly private) .00 .07 −.13 −.15* −.02 −.00 .04
Family
 Household income −.13 −.36* −.27* −.10 −.20* −.29* −.25*
 Number of siblings .11 .01 .13 .08 .20* .17* .10
 Sibling(s) also diagnosed .11 .02 −.06 .09 −.08 −.20* −.10
 Non-nuclear family .13 .00 .17* .01 .15 .07 .15*
 Mothers’ education .03 .07 .02 −.06 .09 .11 .05
 Fathers’ education .05 .14 .09 .06 −.02 −.01 .03
 Mental health diagnosis in father −.07 .00 −.00 .12 −.12 .01 −.02
 Mental health diagnosis in mother .15 .04 .31* .10 .18 .09 .13
 Mothers’ immigrant status −.10 .02 .11 −.05 −.03 −.07 .01
 Fathers’ immigrant status .12 −.20* −.04 .15 −.04 .07 −.10
 Mothers’ unemployment −.13 −.01 −.08 .01 −.09 −.08 −.09
 Fathers’ unemployment −.05 −.22* −.05 .04 .09 .07 −.01
 Language spoken at home        
 French (with or without other languages) .20* .16 .06 −.12 −.05 .02 .28*
 English (with or without other languages, except French) −.09 .04 .03 .21 −.06 .04 −.17
 Other −.11 −.20 −.09 −.09 .11 −.06 −.12
Child
 ABAS GAC score .13 .05 −.07 .07 −.05 .02 .02
 CBCL Total Problems score .06 .19* −.08 −.12 .01 −.00 .04
 Diagnosis
  ASD −.13 −.02 .03 .06 .02 −.15 .05
  GDD or ID .19 .09 −.05 −.40 .20 −.03 .06
  ASD and GDD or ID −.06 −.02 .02 .06 −.28* .07 −.18
  Other −.01 −.05 −.00 .27 .06 .10 .07
  1. Note. Table entries are β (standardized) regression coefficients estimated separately for each outcome (column), using all predictor variables as covariates. ABAS GAC Adaptive Behavior Assessment System, Global Adaptive Composite score, CBCL Child Behavior Checklist, ASD Autism spectrum disorder, GDD Global developmental delay, ID Intellectual disability
  2. * p < .05