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Table 1 Overview of Family Characteristics

From: The diagnostic trajectory in autism and intellectual disability in Quebec: pathways and parents’ perspective

Variables n % Missing %
Civil Status 250 3.5%  
1. Married or common-law partners 182   72.8%
2. Separated or divorced 16   6.4%
3. Stepfamily 12   4.8%
4. Single 40   16.0%
Annual household income (CAD) 235 9.3%  
1. $10,000-29,999 64   27.2%
2. $30,000-49,999 52   22.1%
3. $50,000-69,999 35   14.9%
4. $70,000-89,999 24   10.2%
5. $90,000-119,999 28   11.9%
6. $120,000-139,999 32   13.6%
Mothers’ level of education 245 4.6%  
1. High school or lower 57   23.3%
2. DCS / DVSa 64   26.1%
3. University 124   50.6%
Fathers’ level of education 231 10.8%  
1. High school or lower 56   24.2%
2. DCS / DVS 57   24.7%
3. University 118   51.1%
Mothers’ occupation 249 3.9%  
1. Full-time, salaried employee 88   35.3%
2. Part-time, salaried employee 39   15.7%
3. Contract worker 5   2.0%
4. Homemaker 94   37.8%
5. Student 17   6.8%
6. Other (on leave, retired) 6   2.4%
Fathers’ occupation 233 10.0%  
1. Full-time, salaried employee 180   77.3%
2. Part-time, salaried employee 10   4.3%
3. Contract worker 2   0.9%
4. Homemaker 19   8.2%
5. Student 12   5.2%
6. Other (retired, unemployed, imprisoned) 10   4.3%
Mothers’ place of birth 249 3.9%  
1. Canada 72   28.9%
2. United States 1   0.4%
3. Central or South America 41   16.5%
4. Africa 75   30.1%
5. Asia and Middle East 41   16.5%
6. Europe 17   6.8%
7. Oceania 2   0.8%
Fathers’ place of birth 242 6.6%  
1. Canada 63   26.0%
2. United States 3   1.2%
3. Central or South America 38   15.7%
4. Africa 80   33.1%
5. Asia and Middle East 48   19.8%
6. Europe 9   3.7%
7. Oceania 1   0.4%
Language spoken at home 249 3.9%  
1. French (with or without other languages) 149   59.9%
2. English (with or without languages, except French) 52   20.9%
3. Other 48   19.3%
Presence of mental health diagnoses in siblings 239 7.7%  
 No 181   75.7%
 Yes 58   24.3%
Presence of mental health diagnoses for the mother 245 5.8%  
 No 216   88.1%
 Yes 29   11.9%
Presence of mental health diagnoses for the father 246 5.0%  
 No 207   84.2%
 Yes 39   15.9%
  1. Note. a In Quebec, the diploma of collegiate studies (DCS) is a postsecondary degree in preparation for university-level education or a trade; the diploma of vocational studies (DVS) is a secondary degree in preparation for a specialized occupation