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Table 2 Palatoplasty, Speech evaluation and Nasopharyngoscopy results

From: Characteristics and surgical outcomes of cleft palate in kabuki syndrome: a case series of 11 patients

  Sex Type Operation (Age at operation, in years and months) Preoperative Nasopharyngoscopy Speech evaluation
1st 2nd Pre (1st) Pre(2nd) Post
1 F CP LITE (1y3m) (−) (−) (−) (−) 2/0/2/1/2
2 M CP LITE (1y6m) (−) (−) (−) (−) 1/0/2/1/1
3 F CP LITE (1y6m) PPF (7y6m) 4/1/1 (−) 3/0/2/1/2 1/0/2/1/1
4 M CP DOZ (1y8m) PPF (6y8m) 2/1/3 (−) 2/0/1/1/2 0/0/1/1/2
5 M CP DOZ (1y5m) PPF (5y6m) 3/1/2 (−) 2/0/2/1/2 0/0/0/1/1
6 M SMCP DOZ (5y12m) PPF (7y3m) 4/1/2 3/0/2/1/2 2/0/2/1/2 0/0/0/1/0
7 F SMCP DOZ (5y11m) PPF (7y2m) 3/1/2 3/0/2/1/1 2/0/2/1/1 1/0/2/1/1
8 F SMCP DOZ (5y10m) (−) 2/1/2 3/0/2/1/2 (−) 2/0/2/1/2
9 F SMCP DOZ (6y5m) (−) 4/1/2 2/0/2/1/2 (−) 0/0/2/1/2
10 F SMCP PPF (6y1m) (−) 3/1/2 2/0/2/1/2 (−) 0/0/0/1/0
11 M SMCP PPF (5y10m) (−) 3/1/2 2/0/1/1/2 (−) 0/0/1/1/0
  1. Speech evaluation: hypernasality / hyponasality / nasal emission / articulation errors / intelligibility
  2. Preoperative nasopharyngoscopy: Opening size / Symmetry / Pattern (1, coronal; 2, circular; 3, sagittal; 4, bow tie)
  3. CP Cleft palate, SMCP Submucous cleft palate, LITE Limited incision thorough elevation palatoplasty, PPF Posterior pharyngeal flap, DOZ Double opposing Z-plasty