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Table 4 Correlation analysis for fasting glucose, HOMA-IR, and systolic and diastolic BP (Model III)

From: Impact of very preterm birth and post-discharge growth on cardiometabolic outcomes at school age: a retrospective cohort study

  Fasting glucose HOMA-IRa Systolic BP Diastolic BP
Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate
coef SE coef SE coef SE coef SE coef SE coef SE coef SE coef SE
VP/VLBW 3.82§ 0.98 1.88 1.39 0.28§ 0.11 0.28 0.13 9.17§ 1.22 8.28§ 1.73 4.46§ 1.32 6.05§ 1.85
Age (years) 1.35 0.60 0.93 0.65 0.20§ 0.06 0.17§ 0.06 2.02 0.83 1.27 0.82 2.91§ 0.78 2.19 0.88
Female -3.52§ 0.94 -2.56 1.14 0.10 0.10 -0.03 0.11 1.48 1.34 2.04 1.43 0.43 1.30 0.29 1.53
LMI (kg/m2) 1.02 0.56 0.15 0.85 0.17§ 0.06 -0.14 0.08 0.13 0.79 -0.73 1.06 1.17 0.76 -0.08 1.14
FMI (kg/m2) 0.12 0.23 -0.46 0.34 0.13§ 0.02 0.07 0.03 0.55 0.31 0.59 0.43 1.11§ 0.29 1.66§ 0.46
Weight-for-age z-score change 1.62§ 0.34 1.77§ 0.54 0.22§ 0.04 0.19§ 0.05 2.24§ 0.47 0.61 0.67 1.08 0.48 -0.83 0.72
  1. Adjusted for preterm birth, age, sex, small for gestational age, mode of delivery, lean mass index, fat mass index, any breastmilk feeding >6 months and weight-for-age z-score change
  2. Coef correlation coefficient, SE standard error, HOMA-IR homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance, BP blood pressure, VP/VLBW very preterm/very low birthweight, LMI lean mass index, BMI body mass index
  3. aTransformed onto a logarithmic scale
  4. and § represents significant correlations (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively)