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Table 3 Correlation between maternal adversity in pregnancy and internalizing symptoms, externalizing symptoms and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) total score at 24 and 36 months

From: Pregnancy and Infant Development (PRIDE)—a preliminary observational study of maternal adversity and infant development

   24 months (n = 40)   36 months (n = 27)  
CBCL Maternal Adversity Coefficient P value Coefficient P value
Internalizing symptoms Adverse Childhood Experiences 0.72 0.25 0.50 0.45
Psychological Distress (BSI-18) 0.31 0.03 0.39 0.01
Depression 0.51 0.03 0.86 0.002
Perceived Stress 0.38 0.04 0.57 0.01
Ratio Frequency hassles:uplifts -1.46 0.21 -0.2 0.87
Ratio Intensity hassles:uplifts -6.98 0.02 -1.40 0.75
Externalizing symptoms Adverse Childhood Experiences 1.696 0.01 0.81 0.24
Psychological Distress (BSI-18) 0.494  < 0.001 0.41 0.017
Depression 0.731 0.002 0.40 0.22
Perceived Stress 0.598 0.002 0.29 0.25
Ratio Frequency hassles:uplifts -1.463 0.21 -0.20 0.87
Ratio Intensity hassles:uplifts -6.979 0.02 -1.40 0.75
Total score Adverse Childhood Experiences 1.282 0.04 0.80 0.25
Psychological Distress (BSI-18) 0.424 0.002 0.43 0.01
Depression 0.683 0.003 0.69 0.03
Perceived Stress 0.519 0.01 0.46 0.07
Ratio Frequency hassles:uplifts -1.913 0.09 -0.61 0.63
Ratio Intensity hassles:uplifts -8.467 0.004 -5.45 0.20