Skip to main content

Table 3 Factor analyses

From: Sleep disorders in a sample of Lebanese children: the role of parental mental health and child nutrition and activity

Model 1: Factor analysis of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire using the promax rotation (N = 401)
SPQ item
While sleeping does your child…
Sleepiness and attention / hyperactivity Snoring and breathing problems  
1. Snore more than half the time?   0.834  
2. Always snore?   0.969  
3. Snore loudly?   0.920  
4. Have “heavy” or loud breathing?   0.584  
5. Have trouble breathing or struggle to breathe?   0.602  
6. Seen your child stop breathing during the night?   0.513  
7. Tend to breathe through the mouth during the day?   0.474  
8. Have a dry mouth on waking up in the morning? 0.472   
9. Occasionally wet the bed? 0.582   
10. Wake up feeling un-refreshed in the morning? 0.870   
11. Have a problem with sleepiness during the day? 0.834   
12. Does your child have a teacher or other supervisor commented that your child appears sleepy during the day? 0.783   
13. Is it hard to wake your child up in the morning? 0.823   
14. Does your child wake up with headaches in the morning? 0.791   
15. Did your child stop growing at a normal rate at any time since birth? 0.500   
16. Is your child overweight? 0.427   
17. This child often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly 0.400   
18. This child often has difficulty organizing tasks Is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat 0.718   
19. This child often is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli 0.566   
20. This child often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat 0.617   
21. This child often is “on the go” or often acts as if “driven by a motor” 0.556   
22. This child often interrupts or intrudes on others (e.g. butts into conversations or games)   0.365  
Percentage of variance explained 41.52 9.55  
Cronbach’s alpha 0.917 0.839  
Model 2: Factor analysis of the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity questionnaire using the promax rotation (N = 401)
FNPA items Family eating pattern and quality Family eating practice Eating and physical activity
1. How often does your child eat breakfast, either at home or at school?   0.779  
2. How often does your child eat at least one meal a day with at least one other family member?   0.801  
3. How often does your child eat while watching TV? [Includes meals or snacks] 0.511   
4 How often does your family eat “fast food?” 0.676   
5. How often does your family use packaged “ready-‐to-‐eat” foods? [Includes purchased frozen or on-‐the-‐shelf entrees, often designed to be microwaved] 0.790   
6. How often does your child eat fruits and vegetables at meals or snacks? [Not including juice]   0.734  
7 How often does your child drink soda pop or sweetened beverages? [Includes regular or diet soda pop, Kool-‐Aid, Sunny-‐D, Capri Sun, fruit or vegetable juice, caffeinated energy drinks (Monster/Red Bull), Powerade/Gatorade, etc.] 0.776   
8 How often does your child drink low-‐fat milk for meals or snacks? [Includes 1% or skim dairy, flavored, soy, almond, etc.] 0.525   
9 How often does your family monitor the amount of candy, chips, and cookies your child eats?   0.761  
10 How often does your family use candy, ice cream or other foods as a reward for good behavior?   0.430  
11 How often does your child have less than 2 h of “screen time” in a day? [Includes TV, computer, game system, or any mobile device with visual screens]   0.440  
12 How often does your family monitor the amount of “screen time” your child has?   0.497  
13 How often does your child engage in screen time in his/her bedroom? 0.688   
14 How often does your family provide opportunities for physical activity?    0.738
15 How often does your family encourage your child to be physically active?    0.725
16. How often does your child do physical activities with at least one other family member?    0.823
17 How often does your child do something physically active when he/she has free time?    0.796
18 How often does your child participate in organized sports or physical activities with a coach or leader?    0.695
19 How often does your child follow a regular routine for your child’s bedtime?   0.547  
20 How often does your child get enough sleep at night?   0.690  
Percentage of variance explained 32.84 15.12 8.42
Cronbach’s alpha 0.770 0.842 0.863