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Table 5 Comparison of percent consonants correct (PCC) and percent non-oral errors (Non-oral errors) between total groups with cleft soft palate (SP; n=10), cleft soft and hard palate (SHP; n=30), unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP; n=39), and bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP; n=20) when analyzed pair wise (Mann Whitney test)

From: Speech in a consecutive series of children born with cleft lip and palate with and without syndromes and/or additional malformations

Groups Outcomes
PCC Non-oral errors
U P U p
SP – SHP 121.0 0.364 136.0 0.565
SP – UCLP 122.5 0.072 192.0 0.912
SP – BCLP 27.5 0.001** 42.0 0.010*
SHP – UCLP 495.5 0.278 540.5 0.455
SHP – BCLP 144.5 0.002** 173.0 0.005**
UCLP – BCLP 210.0 0.004** 206.5 0.001**
  1. PCC percent consonants correct, Non-oral errors percent non-oral errors
  2. */** Significant at <.05/<.01