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Table 4 Comparison of percent consonants correct (PCC) and percent non-oral errors (Non-oral errors) among the groups with cleft soft palate (SP), cleft soft and hard palate (SHP), unilateral cleft lip and cleft palate (UCLP) and bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP)

From: Speech in a consecutive series of children born with cleft lip and palate with and without syndromes and/or additional malformations

Outcome SP (n=10) SHP (n=30) UCLP (n=39) BCLP (n=20) Kruskal Wallis test
Median Median Median Median Chi- Square p
Min-Max Min-Max Min- Max Min-Max
PCC 97.2 94.9 94.3 83 15.662 0.001**
79.7 – 100 51.8 – 100 59.3 – 100 35.1 – 98.3
Non-oral errors 0 0 0 0.6 15.816 0.001**
0 –0.6 0 – 20 0 – 31.4 0 – 18
  1. **Significant at <.01