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Table 3 Results of percent consonants correct (PCC) and percent non-oral errors (Non-oral errors) in the total group (CP/L), the groups with (CP/L+) and without syndromes and/or additional malformations (CP/L-), and comparisons of results in the groups with CP/L+ and CP/L-

From: Speech in a consecutive series of children born with cleft lip and palate with and without syndromes and/or additional malformations

Outcome CP/L (n=99) CP/L+ (n = 19) CP/L- (n = 80) Mann-Whitney test
M Md M Md M Md U p
SD min-max SD min-max SD min-max
PCC 88.2 93.8 85 89 89 94.6 579.0 0.108
12.8 35.1– 100 13.3 57.4–98.9 12.6 35.1–100
Non-oral errors 1.5 0 2.3 0 1.4 0 704.5 0.548
4.6 0 – 31.4 7.3 0–31.4 3.8 0–20