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Table 5 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis on determinants associated with neonatal mortality among newborns admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit at Dilla University Referral Hospital in Gedeo Zone, Southern, Ethiopia, 2020

From: Determinants of neonatal mortality among newborns admitted in neonatal intensive care unit at Dilla University Referral Hospital in Gedeo Zone, Southern, Ethiopia: unmatched case control study

Exposure variables Cases Controls CORs with
95 % CI
AORs with 95 % CI
Number of ANC
  ≥ 4 visit 16 (21.10) 74 (32.5) 1 1
  2–3 visit 37 (48.7) 120 (52.6) 1.43 (0.74, 2.74) 1.03 (0.43, 2.47)
  No single visit 23 (30.3) 34 (14.9) 3.13** (1.47, 6.67) 2.4 (0.90, 6.39)
Referral status
  Not referred 23 (30.3) 102 (44.7) 1 1
  Referred 53 (69.7) 126 (55.3) 0.53*(1.07, 3.25) 2.43 (1.14, 5.22)*
Mode of delivery
  SVD 52 (68.4) 172 (75.4) 1 1
  AVD 17 (22.4) 26 (11.4) 2.16*(1.09, 4.29) 1.99 (0.83, 4.75)
  CS 7 (9.2) 30 (13.2) 0.77 (0.32, 1.86) 0.87 (0.28, 2.67)
Gestational Age
  < 37 Wks 48 (63.2) 56 (24.6) 5.26*** (2.87, 8.65) 2.50 (1.12, 5.58)*
  ≥ 37 Wks 28(36.8) 172 (75.4) 1 1
Weight of neonate
  < 2500 g 54(71.1) 70 (30.7) 5.54*** (3.13, 9.79) 2.44(1.13, 5.28)*
  ≥ 2500 g 22(28.9) 158 (69.3) 1 1
Asphyxia
  Yes 35 (61.4) 67 (34.7) 2.99** (1.20, 3.49) 1.97(0.99, 3.88)
  No 22 (38.5) 126 (65.2) 1 1
Sepsis
  Yes 42 (55.3) 57 (25) 3.70*** (2.11, 6.22) 2.45 (1.11, 5.41)*
  No 34 (44.7) 171 (75) 1 1
Breast Feed within 1Sthour
  Yes 32 (42.1) 156 (68.4) 1 1
  No 44 (57.9) 72 (31.6) 0.33***(1.66, 4.81) 5.24(2.42, 11.37)***
  1. *p < 0.05,**p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, SVD Spontaneous vaginal delivery, AVD assisted vaginal delivery, CS caesarean section, g gram