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Table 1 Boys born with ARM reconstructed through PSARP and a divided colostomy

From: Accuracy of pre-operative fistula diagnostics in anorectal malformations

  Recto-urinary tract fistulab
n = 31
No fistula
n = 7
p-value
Prematuritya 9 (29) 4 (57) 0.20e
Birth weight (g) 3020 (1700–4280) 3100 (2450–3895) 0.73f
Small for gestational age 1 (3) 0 1e
Concomitant malformations
 Total (at least one) 27 (87) 4 (57) 0.10e
 Vertebral 19 (61) 1 (14) 0.04e
 Sacral or coccygeal 17 (55) 0 0.01e
 Tethered spinal cord 9 (29) 0 0.16e
 Caudal regression 3 (10) 0 1e
 Urinary tract 11 (35) 0 0.08e
 Genital 5 (16) 0 0.56e
0.56e
0.56e
 Gastro-intestinal tract 5 (16) 0
 Limb 5 (16) 0
 Cardiac 4 (13) 2 (29) 0.30e
 Cranio-facial 2 (6) 1 (14) 0.47e
VACTERL association 12 (39) 0 0.07e
Genetic syndromes
 Total 3 (10)c 6 (86)d  < 0.01e
 Trisomy 21 0 5 (71)  < 0.01e
  1. Values presented as the absolute number and percentage of patients, n (%), and as median (min–max)
  2. ARM anorectal malformations, PSARP posterior sagittal anorectal plasty
  3. a Gestational week < 38 + 0
  4. b Recto-bulbar fistula n = 8, recto-prostatic fistula n = 17, and recto-bladder neck fistula n = 6
  5. c Di Georges/CATCH 22, OEIS, and suspected syndrome but non-diagnosed
  6. d Beckwith- Wiedermann, and Trisomy 21
  7. e Fisher’s Exact test, two tailed
  8. f Mann–Whitney U-test, two tailed