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Table 1 Comparison between infants with mild NE according to whether short-term outcomes were normal or abnormal

From: Short‐term outcomes in infants with mild neonatal encephalopathy: a retrospective, observational study

  Abnormal Normal p-value
Infants, n (%) 11 50  
Male sex, n (%) 6 (55) 32 (64) 0.56
Gestational age (weeks), median (IQR) 39 (39–39) 39 (37.5–40) 0.93
Birth weight (g), mean ± SD 2848 ± 378 2934 ± 529 0.48
Mode of delivery
Cesarean delivery, n (%) 4 (36) 22 (44) 0.64
Vacuum extraction, n (%) 3 (27) 9 (18) 0.48
Natural, n (%) 4 (36) 19 (38) 0.89
Non-reassuring fetal status, n (%) 10 (91) 28 (56) 0.09
Placental abruption, n (%) 3 (27) 11 (22) 0.59
Outborn delivery, n (%) 7 (64) 43 (86) 0.09
Apgar score at 1 min, median (IQR) 2 (1-2.5) 2 (1–3) 0.14
Apgar score at 5 min, median (IQR) 5 (3-5.5) 5 (4–6) 0.38
Intubation (in delivery room), n (%) 6 (55) 32 (64) 0.56
Cardiac compression, n (%) 2 (18) 2 (4) 0.09
CPR ≥ 10 min, n (%) 9 (82) 41 (82) 1.0
Blood gas pH, median (IQR) 6.97 (6.89–7.11) 7.03 (6.92–7.15) 0.69
Blood gas base deficit, median (IQR) 17 (15–21) 11 (7.8–19) 0.04
Thompson score, median (IQR) 5 (4-5.5) 2 (1–3) < 0.01
Vasopressor use, n (%) 2 (18) 15 (30) 0.43
Therapeutic hypothermia, n (%) 1 (9) 11 (22) 0.33
  1. Blood gas pH: lowest pH in either umbilical cord blood or infant blood recorded within the first 6 h of birth. Blood gas base deficit: highest base deficit in either umbilical cord blood or infant blood recorded within the first 6 h of birth. CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation; IQR interquartile range; SD standard deviation