Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of overall, children who had consultation, and children diagnosed with each disease

From: Single-parenthood and health conditions among children receiving public assistance in Japan: a cohort study

Character Category Total participants
(N = 573)
N (%)
Having medical consultation
(n = 478)
n, % for N
Asthma
(n = 146)
n, % for N
Allergic rhinitis
(n = 185)
n, % for N
Dermatitis and eczema
(n = 108)
n, % for N
Dental diseases
(n = 181)
n, % for N
Age Mean (SD) 9.7 (4.3) 9.4 (4.2) 8.3 (4.2) 9.5 (4.0) 7.8 (4.7) 9.5 (3.7)
Sex
  Girl 283 (49.4) 225, 79.5% 67, 23.7% 82, 29.0% 47, 16.6% 93, 32.9%
Boy 290 (50.6) 253, 87.2% 79, 27.2% 103, 35.5% 61, 21.0% 88, 30.3%
Presence of siblings
  Only child 207 (36.1) 179, 86.5% 56, 27.1% 72, 34.8% 43, 20.8% 72, 34.8%
Have siblings 366 (63.9) 299, 81.7% 90, 24.6% 113, 30.9% 65, 17.8% 109, 29.8%
Single-parenthood
  No 190 (33.2) 154, 81.1% 35, 18.4% 48, 25.3% 25, 13.2% 40, 21.1%
Yes 383 (66.8) 324, 84.6% 111, 29.0% 137, 35.8% 83, 21.7% 141, 36.8%
Parent’s work
  No 268 (46.8) 225, 84.0% 81, 30.2% 95, 35.4% 57, 21.3% 90, 33.6%
Yes 305 (53.2) 253, 83.0% 65, 21.3% 90, 29.5% 51, 16.7% 91, 29.8%
Nationality
  Japanese 534 (93.2) 449, 84.1% 140, 26.2% 175, 32.8% 102, 19.1% 162, 30.3%
Others 39 (6.8) 29, 74.4% 6, 15.4% 10, 25.6% 6, 15.4% 19, 48.7%
Municipality
  A 404 (70.5) 327, 80.9% 103, 25.5% 112, 27.7% 79, 19.6% 121, 30.0%
B 169 (29.5) 151, 89.3% 43, 25.4% 73, 43.2% 29, 17.2% 60, 35.5%
   URI
(n = 286)
n, % for N
Influenza/ pneumonia
(n = 219)
n, % for N
Intestinal infections
(n = 101)
n, % for N
Conjunctivitis
(n = 102)
n, % for N
Injury
(n = 50)
n, % for N
 
Age Mean (SD) 8.7 (4.4) 8.6 (4.1) 8.5 (3.9) 8.9 (4.1) 10.9 (2.8)  
Sex
  Girl 149, 52.7% 99, 35.0% 42, 14.8% 49, 17.3% 19, 6.7%  
Boy 137, 47.2% 120, 41.4% 59, 20.3% 53, 18.3% 31, 10.7%  
Presence of siblings
  Only child 110, 53.1% 81, 39.1% 39, 18.8% 45, 21.7% 17, 8.2%  
Have siblings 176, 48.1% 138, 37.7% 62, 16.9% 57, 15.6% 33, 9.0%  
Single parenthood
  No 83, 43.7% 73, 38.4% 30, 15.8% 29, 15.3% 17, 8.9%  
Yes 203, 53.0% 146, 38.1% 71, 18.5% 73, 19.1% 33, 8.6%  
Parent’s work
  No 141, 52.6% 107, 39.9% 44, 16.4% 40, 14.9% 23, 8.6%  
Yes 145, 47.5% 112, 36.7% 57, 18.7% 62, 20.3% 27, 8.9%  
Nationality
  Japanese 270, 50.6% 210, 39.3% 96, 18.0% 95, 17.8% 46, 8.6%  
Others 16, 41.0% 9, 23.1% 5, 12.8% 7, 17.9% 4, 10.3%  
Municipality
  A 193, 47.8% 143, 35.4% 81, 20.0% 73, 18.1% 20, 5.0%  
B 93, 55.0% 76, 45.0% 20, 11.8% 29, 17.2% 30, 17.8%  
  1. SD Standard deviation; URI Upper respiratory infections