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Table 1 Bivariable analysis of socio-demographic and economic factors with acute diarrhea among children under five in Woldia Town, northeast Ethiopia, March to June 2018

From: Prevalence of acute diarrhea and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) associated factors among children under five in Woldia Town, Amhara Region, northeastern Ethiopia

Variable Frequency Acute diarrhea COR (95% CI) p-value
Yes No
n(%) n(%) n(%)   
Mother’s/caregiver’s age (in years)
 20-29 105(21.7) 15(14.3) 90(85.7) 1  
 30-39 241(49.8) 51(21.2) 190(78.8) 1.61(0.86-3.02) 0.137
 40-49 112(23.1) 13(11.6) 99(88.4) 0.79(0.36-1.75) 0.557
 ≥50 26(5.4) 6(23.1) 20(76.9) 1.80(0.62-5.21) 0.279
Ethnicity
 Amhara 462(95.5) 79(17.1) 383(82.9) 0.55(0.21-1.45) 0.230
 Other (Tigre, Agew and Oromo) 22(4.5) 6(27.3) 16(72.7) 1  
Religion
 Orthodox 335(69.2) 58(17.3) 277(82.7) 0.95(0.57-1.57) 0.829
 Muslim or Protestant 149(30.8) 27(18.1) 122(81.9) 1  
Mother’s/caregiver’s educational level
 No formal education 156(32.2) 38(24.4) 11875.6) 3.33(1.33-8.30) 0.010
 Primary 212(43.8) 34(16.0) 178(84.0) 1.97(0.79-4.93) 0.145
 Secondary 48(9.9) 7(14.6) 41(85.4) 1.76(0.55-5.62) 0.337
 College or above 68(14.1) 6(8.8) 62(91.2) 1  
Mother’s/caregiver’s occupation
 Day laborer 12(2.5) 6(50.0) 6(50.0) 5.68(1.74-18.55) 0.004
 Farmer 39(8.1) 13(33.3) 26(66.7) 2.84(1.34-6.02) 0.007
 Student 30(6.2) 6(20.0) 24(80.0) 1.42(0.54-3.71) 0.475
 Government employee 53(10.9) 7(13.2) 46(86.8) 0.86(0.36-2.06) 0.741
 Private employee 28(5.8) 6(21.4) 22(78.6) 1.55(0.58-4.08) 0.376
 Merchant 75(15.5) 10(13.3) 65(86.7) 0.87(0.41-1.85) 0.724
 Housewife 247(51.0) 37(15.0) 210(85.0) 1  
Marital status
 Married 365(75.4) 66(18.1) 299(81.9) 1.68(0.64-4.42) 0.296
 Widowed 31(6.4) 8(25.8) 23(74.2) 2.64(0.77-9.06) 0.122
 Divorced 45(9.3) 6(13.3) 39(86.7) 1.17(0.33-4.16) 0.809
 Single 43(8.9) 5(11.6) 38(88.4) 1  
Father’s occupation (N = 365)
 Farmer 154(42.2) 29(18.8) 125(81.2) 1.88(0.84-4.19) 0.122
 Day laborer 19(5.2) 8(42.1) 11(57.9) 5.89(1.87-18.52) 0.002
 Government employee 72(19.7) 10(13.9) 62(86.1) 1.31(0.50-3.42) 0.584
 Private employee 38(10.4) 10(26.3) 28(73.7) 2.89(1.07-7.87) 0.038
 Merchant 82(22.5) 9(11.0) 73(89.0) 1  
Father’s educational level (N = 365)
 No formal education 49(13.4) 11(22.4) 38(77.6) 2.86(1.06-7.68) 0.037
 Primary 199(54.5) 41(20.6) 158(79.4) 2.56(1.15-5.73) 0.022
 Secondary 30(8.2) 6(20.0) 24(80.0) 2.47(0.78-7.82) 0.124
 College or above 87(23.9) 8(9.2) 79(90.8) 1  
Household size (persons)
 >5 112(23.1) 26(23.2) 86(76.8) 1.60(0.95-2.70) 0.075
 ≤5 372(76.9) 59(15.9) 313(84.1) 1  
House ownership
 Own 342(70.7) 61(17.8) 281(82.2) 0.82(0.37-1.80) 0.621
 Rent 99(20.4) 15(15.2) 84(84.8) 0.68(0.27-1.69) 0.400
 Neither own nor rent 43(8.9) 9(20.9) 34(79.1) 1  
Wealth index
 Lowest 97(20.0) 26(26.8) 71(73.2) 2.62(1.05-6.50) 0.038
 Second 152(31.4) 25(16.4) 127(83.6) 1.41(0.57-3.46) 0.458
 Middle 104(21.5) 16(15.4) 88(84.6) 1.30(0.50-3.37) 0.591
 Fourth 74(15.3) 11(14.9) 63(85.1) 1.25(0.45-3.45) 0.671
 Highest 57(11.8) 7(12.3) 50(87.7) 1  
  1. 1 reference category, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval