Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of 3566 children from 3200 families assessed with the ASQ-3 at 0–72 months of age in Ceará, Brazil

From: Maternal and neonatal factors associated with child development in Ceará, Brazil: a population-based study

Characteristics   Mean ± SD or N (%)a
Child and social factors
 Child Age   31.8 ± 23.1
  Infant   789 (22.1)
  Toddler   1363 (38.2)
 Preschooler   1414 (39.7)
 Male child   1786 (50.0%)
 Maternal level of schooling in years   4.4 ± 2.8
 Monthly household income in Brazilian Reais   1090.4 ± 1017.9
Low birth weight (< 2500 g)   278 (7.7)
Pregnancy factors
 Maternal iron supplementation during pregnancy   3317 (93.0%)
 Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy   3320 (93.1)
 Smoking during pregnancy   216 (6.0)
 Alcohol consumption during pregnancy   207 (5.8)
Birth and neonatal factors
 Gestational age Preterm (< 37) 147 (10.4)
Full-Term 1270 (89.6)
 Extended in-patient hospital stay after birth NICU or Incubator 251 (7.0)
Nursery 274 (7.7)
 Need for resuscitation after birth   36 (1.0)
 Need for antibiotics after birth   191 (5.3)
Breastfeeding factors
 Breastfeeding initiated within the 1st hour of life   2825 (79.2)
Child development
 ASQ-BR age-standardized scores   
 Communication   52.2 ± 11.5
 Gross motor   55.4 ± 9.3
 Fine motor   49.7 ± 13.7
 Problem-solving   50.7 ± 12.5
 Personal-Social   50.1 ± 11.7
  1. aValues are expressed as means ± S.D.s or n (%); n = 3566. ASQ-3. Ages and Stages Questionnaire version 3