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Table 4 Systematic reviews on accuracy of vision screening tests

From: Vision screening in newborns and early childhood

Systematic review Objective Methods Number of manuscripts included
Date of literature search Inclusion criteria
Powell 2009 [18] To evaluate the effectiveness of vision screening in reducing the prevalence of amblyopia August 2008 Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or cluster RCTs comparing the prevalence of amblyopia in screened versus unscreened populations 12 months from screening None
Hull 2017 [16] To assess and compare the accuracy of tests, alone or in combination, for detection of strabismus in children aged 1 to 6 years, in a community setting by non-expert screeners or primary care professionals to inform healthcare commissioners setting up childhood screening programmes January 2017 Prospective and retrospective population-based studies evaluating diagnostic test accuracy in consecutive participants 1 study, (Arthur 2009), which looked at the effectiveness of automated photo-screener for the detection of strabismus [22]. This study was also included in Jonas 2017.
Jonas 2017 [6] To assess the accuracy of the several screening tests June 2016 - Children aged 6 months to 5 years
- Studies conducted in countries categorized as “very high” on the United Nations Human Development Index
- Publication in English language
- Good or fair quality of studies
34 studies, conducted in Europe (7 studies), the United States (19 studies), Canada (5 studies) and Australia or New Zealand (3 studies).
The strength of the evidence rated by the review authors based on the 34 included studies (45,588 observations) was low.